Duration of Sick Leave, Patient's Postoperative Satisfaction and Impairment of Daily Living after Open Abdominal Myoma Enucleation in Dependence on Myoma Size.
ABSTRACT: Purpose: What is the average duration of sick leave and the postoperative impairment to daily living in dependence on the size of the removed myoma? Does patient satisfaction depend on the size of the removed myoma? Is there a difference in the rate of improvement of symptoms depending on the size of the myoma? Patient Collective: This is a retrospective survey of the data of 377 consecutive female patients treated for symptomatic uterus myomatosus by open abdominal myoma enucleation between 2/2002 and 12/2009; the number of removed myomas, myoma size and localisation, myoma-associated complaints, length of sick leave, postoperative impairments of daily living and scar length were assessed. Results: The response rate amounted to 61?% (230/377 patients). The average sick leave of patients with a myoma diameter ??10?cm was 1.5 days shorter than that for patients with myomas ?10?cm the proportion with an improvement in symptoms was smaller than that for the patients with smaller myomas - exception "feeling of pressure in the bladder". Conclusions: Even for relatively large myomas, the quality of life is not impaired more strongly or for longer periods than that after removal of smaller myomas. Activities of daily life are impaired for about 4 weeks.
Project description:Introduction: Besides the typical complaints and symptoms, myomas can cause sterility, infertility and complications during pregnancy. Laparoscopic interventions reach their limits with regard to organ preservation and the simultaneous desire to have children in the removal of multiple and larger intramural myoma nodes. The aim of this study is to examine fertility status and pregnancy outcome after myoma removal by minilaparotomy (skin incision maximal 8?cm) in women with pronounced uterus myomatosus. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study makes use of the data from 160 patients with an average age of 34.6 years. Factors analysed include number, size and localisation of the myomas, complaints due to the myoma, pre- and postoperative gravidity, mode of delivery, and complications of birth. Results: Indications for organ-sparing myoma enucleation were the desire to have children (72.5?%), bleeding disorders (60?%) and pressure discomfort (36.5?%). On average 4.95 (SD ±?0.41), maximally 46 myomas were removed. The largest myoma had a diameter of 6.64?cm (SD ±?2.74). 82.5?% of the patients had transmural myomas, in 17.5?% the uterine cavity was inadvertently opened. On average the operating time was 163 minutes (SD ±?45.47), the blood loss 1.59?g/dL (SD ±?0.955). 60.3?% of the patients with the desire to have children became pregnant postoperatively. 75.3?% of the pregnancies were on average carried through to the 38th week (28.4?% vaginal deliveries, 71.6?% Caesarean sections). In the postoperative period there was one case of uterine rupture in the vicinity of a previous scar. Discussion: By means of the microsurgical "mini-laparotomy" even extensive myomatous uterine changes can, in the majority of cases, be operated in an organ-sparing manner with retention of the ability to conceive and to carry a pregnancy through to maturity of the infant. The risk for a postoperative uterine rupture in a subsequent pregnancy and during delivery is minimal.
Project description:This report shows that even extremely large nascent uterine myomas can be removed vaginally. A 25-year-old nulligravid and nulliparous patient with malaise, hypermenorrhea, and intermittent cramping pain in the lower abdomen was referred to our clinic. Gynecological examination revealed a round cauliflower-like tumor, 7 cm in diameter, originating from the external cervical os with a rough surface and without a palpable stalk or base. Ultrasound scan showed a hyperechogenic mass within the uterine cavity with two distinct subunits: one (55 × 44 mm) well-demarcated from the surrounding structures and the other (43 × 38 mm) in close proximity to the lower part of the anterior uterine wall and in continuity with the myometrium. At surgery, the myoma was completely removed vaginally. Recovery was prompt, complete, and uneventful. Follow-up at one and three months confirmed normal gynecological and sonographic findings. In conclusion, vaginal myomectomy is the treatment of choice for prolapsed pedunculated submucous myoma; even extremely large nascent myomas can be efficiently removed vaginally.
Project description:The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of an electrothermal bipolar vessel sealing device (LigaSure™) and traditional electrical cauterization in laparoscopic myomectomy (LM). A total of 756 patients with symptomatic uterine myomas who underwent LM were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 225 cases of LM using LigaSure™ (LML group) were compared with a control group treated with traditional electrical cauterization (LME group) under propensity-matched analysis. Outcome measures for both groups were compared, such as operative time, blood loss (BL), complications, need for blood transfusion, hospital expenses, and hospital stay. Six subgroups were divided according to main myoma size and energy source. No cases required switching to abdominal myomectomy. The number of myomas removed, BL, need for blood transfusion, and complications were not significantly different, whereas hospital stay was longer in the LME group than in the LML group and total hospital expenses were higher in the LML group (p < 0.001). The overall operation duration was significantly longer in the LML group but was not significantly different for main myoma >10 cm (LML vs LME, 121.58 ± 41.77 vs 121.69 ± 44.95, p = 0.99); this likely reflects the operative efficiency on using LigaSure™ to manage large tumors. Significant linear correlations between myoma weight and operative time and BL were seen in both groups. Conventional diathermy is more effective for small-to-medium myomas. Use of the LigaSure™ was efficient for myomas >10 cm.
Project description:<h4>Introduction</h4>Uterine myoma occurs in 1.6-2% of pregnancies. Most myomas during pregnancy are asymptomatic, but 10-20% may develop complications. The most common complication is abdominal pain, usually caused myoma degeneration or torsion of a pedunculated myoma.<h4>Case presentation</h4>A 40-year-old pregnant woman was transferred with severe left upper abdominal pain with suspicion of left ovarian torsion at 32 weeks of gestation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a 9.8 cm-sized oval mass abutting the uterine fundus, suggesting subserosal myoma with degeneration. She was admitted for pain control, and the pain was relieved in a few days with conservative management. Two years later, she revisited our hospital for the treatment. Total laparoscopic hysterectomy with bilateral salpingectomy was performed. A 6-cm isolated solid mass adhering to the omentum in the pelvic cavity was observed intraoperatively. The trace on the anterior wall of the uterus was considered to be a broken pedicle that had initially connected the mass.<h4>Clinical discussion</h4>In our case, the patient had severe abdominal pain, and ultrasound and MRI findings suggested subserosal myoma degeneration. A retrospective diagnosis of torsion was made following the surgery, which was assumed to cause the pain during pregnancy, and that an amputation occurred during or after the pregnancy.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Diagnosis is based on clinical manifestations and radiologic examination, however, it is usually difficult to diagnose preoperatively, especially among pregnant women who have diagnostic test limitations. Therefore, if a pregnant woman with a myoma complains of abdominal pain, various possibilities should be considered.
Project description:Objective Cases of prolapsed myoma in which pregnancy was carried to full term or near term after vaginal myomectomy are very rare. Previously, only two such cases have been reported. In addition, both those patients had a pedunculated leiomyoma, which could be treated by twisting or clamping. Here, we report a case of a patient who was able to carry her pregnancy to term despite vaginal myomectomy for semipedunculated myoma at 13 weeks of pregnancy. Study Design This study is a case presentation. Results The myoma nucleus was removed by making an incision on the surface of the mass. Systemic and transvaginal antibiotics were prescribed after the surgery. Uterine contractions, short cervix, or cervical funneling was not observed in the remaining duration of pregnancy. Conclusion While performing myomectomy during pregnancy, removal of the myoma nucleus is safer than twisting. In addition, postoperative administration of local or systemic antibiotic agents does not adversely affect pregnancy.
Project description:Open myomectomy (OM) was previously frequently performed; however, laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) has recently become more common. Nevertheless, myoma can recur after both LM and OM. In this study, we report our retrospective investigation of myoma recurrence by comparing LM and OM.A total of 474 patients underwent LM and 279 patients underwent OM. The patients were followed-up postoperatively from six months to eight years. Recurrence was confirmed when a myoma with a diameter of ≥ 1 cm was detected. Post-LM, post-OM and cumulative recurrence rates were investigated, and a Cox hazard test was performed.The cumulative recurrence rates between the two groups were 76.2% (LM) vs. 63.4% (OM) at eight years postoperatively. A log-rank test revealed a significant difference between the two groups. Cox hazard testing revealed that LM, a larger number of enucleated myoma masses and the absence of postoperative gestation significantly contributed to the postoperative recurrence rate.LM yielded a higher recurrence rate than OM, likely a result of manual myoma removal in OM, which is a more exhaustive extraction of smaller myoma masses than performed in LM. In other words, fewer residual myoma masses after OM contribute to a lower postoperative recurrence rate.
Project description:To evaluate the efficacy of two cervical block protocols for pain management during hysteroscopic removal of intrauterine polyps and myomas using the MyoSure(®) device.This was a randomized, comparative treatment trial conducted by five private Obstetrics and Gynecology practices in the USA. Forty premenopausal women aged 18 years and older were randomized to receive either a combination para/intracervical block protocol of 37 cc local anesthetic administered at six injections sites in association with the application of topic 1% lidocaine gel, or an intracervical block protocol of 22 cc local anesthetic administered at three injections sites without topical anesthetic, for pain management during hysteroscopic removal of intrauterine polyps and/or a single type 0 or type 1 submucosal myoma ?3 cm. The main outcomes were a composite measure of procedure-related pain and pain during the postoperative recovery period, assessed by the Wong-Baker Faces Rating Scale (0= no pain to 10= maximum pain). The lesion characteristics, procedure time, and adverse events were summarized.A total of 17 polyps and eight myomas were removed in the para/intracervical block group, with diameters of 1.3±0.5 cm and 1.8±0.8 cm, respectively. In the intracervical block group, 25 polyps with a mean diameter of 1.2±0.7 cm and 7 myomas with a mean diameter of 1.9±0.9 cm were removed. The mean tissue resection time was 1.2±2.0 minutes and 1.2±1.4 minutes for the para/intracervical and intracervical block groups, respectively. The mean composite procedure-related pain score was low for both cervical block protocols, 1.3±1.4 in the para/intracervical block group vs 2.1±1.5 in the intracervical block group. During the postoperative recovery period, the mean pain scores were 0.3±0.7 vs 1.2±1.7 for the para/intracervical and intracervical block groups, respectively. There were no serious adverse events.The MyoSure procedure for removal of polyps and myomas was well tolerated, with low pain scores reported for both the para/intracervical and intracervical block protocols.
Project description:Carcinoma cell invasion is traditionally studied in three-dimensional organotypic models composed of type I collagen and fibroblasts. However, carcinoma cell behavior is affected by the various cell types and the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the tumor microenvironment. In this study, a novel organotypic model based on human uterine leiomyoma tissue was established and characterized to create a more authentic environment for carcinoma cells. Human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells (HSC-3) were cultured on top of either collagen or myoma. Organotypic sections were examined by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The maximal invasion depth of HSC-3 cells was markedly increased in myomas compared with collagen. In myomas, various cell types and ECM components were present, and the HSC-3 cells only expressed ECM molecules in the myoma model. Organotypic media were analyzed by radioimmunoassay, zymography, or Western blotting. During carcinoma cell invasion, matrix metalloprotease-9 production and collagen degradation were enhanced particularly in the myoma model. To evaluate the general applicability of the myoma model, several oral carcinoma, breast carcinoma, and melanoma cell lines were cultured on myomas and found to invade in highly distinct patterns. We conclude that myoma tissue mimics the native tumor microenvironment better than previous organotypic models and possibly enhances epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Thus, the myoma model provides a promising tool for analyzing the behavior of carcinoma cells.
Project description:The aim of this study is to report our experience with a novel technique, the hysteroscopic morcellator (HM), for removal of intrauterine myomas and polyps. We performed a retrospective study on 315 women undergoing operative hysteroscopy with the HM in our university-affiliated teaching hospital. We collected data on installation and operating times, fluid deficit, peri- and postoperative complications. In 37 patients undergoing myomectomy with the HM, mean installation time was 8.7 min, mean operating time, 18.2 min, and median fluid deficit, 440 mL. Three out of 37 HM procedures were converted to resectoscopy, related to a type 2 myoma. In 278 patients, mean installation and operating times for polypectomy with the HM were 7.3 min and 6.6 min, respectively. All procedures were uneventful. Implementation of the HM for removal of type 0 and 1 myomas ≤3 cm, and removal of polyps appears safe and effective. ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10397-010-0627-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Project description:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:To review phase II and phase III treatments of symptomatic uterine fibroids (myomas) using laparoscopic radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation (RFVTA). METHODS:We performed a retrospective, multicenter clinical analysis of 206 consecutive cases of ultrasound-guided laparoscopic RFVTA of symptomatic myomas conducted on an outpatient basis under two phase II studies at 2 sites (n = 69) and one phase III study at 11 sites (n = 137). Descriptive and exploratory, general trend, and matched-pair analyses were applied. RESULTS:From baseline to 12 months in the phase II study, the mean transformed symptom severity scores improved from 53.9 to 8.8 (P < .001) (n = 57), health-related quality-of-life scores improved from 48.5 to 92.0 (P < .001) (n = 57), and mean uterine volume decreased from 204.4 cm(3) to 151.4 cm(3) (P = .008) (n = 58). Patients missed a median of 4 days of work (range, 2-10 days). The rate of possible device-related adverse events was 1.4% (1 of 69). In the phase III study, approximately 98% of patients were assessed at 12 months, and their transformed symptom severity scores, health-related quality-of-life scores, mean decrease in uterine volume, and mean menstrual bleeding reduction were also significant. Patients in phase III missed a median of 5 days of work (range, 1-29 days). The rate of periprocedural device-related adverse events was 3.5% (5 of 137). Despite the enrollment requirement for patients in both phases to have completed childbearing, 4 pregnancies occurred within the first year after treatment. CONCLUSIONS:RFVTA does not require any uterine incisions and provides a uterine-sparing procedure with rapid recovery, significant reduction in uterine size, significant reduction or elimination of myoma symptoms, and significant improvement in quality of life.