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Innate Response Activator (IRA) B Cells Reside in Human Tonsils and Internalize Bacteria In Vitro.


ABSTRACT: Innate response activator (IRA) B cells have been described in mice as a subset of B-1a B cells that produce granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and have been found in the spleen upon activation. In humans, identification, tissue localization and functionality of these lymphocytes are poorly understood. We hypothesized that IRA B cells could reside in human palatine tonsils, which are a first line of defense from infection of the upper respiratory tract. In the present work, we used flow cytometry and confocal microscopy to identify and characterize human IRA (hIRA) B cells in tonsils. We show that CD19?CD20?GM-CSF? B cells are present in the tonsils of all the subjects studied at a frequency ranging between ~0.2% and ~0.4% of the conventional CD19?CD20?GM-CSF? B cells. These cells reside within the B cell follicles, are mostly IgM?IgD?, express CD5 and show phagocytic activity. Our results support a role for hIRA B cells in the effector immune response to infections in tonsils.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4466315 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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