Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Responses to simulated nitrogen deposition by the neotropical epiphytic orchid Laelia speciosa.


ABSTRACT: Potential ecophysiological responses to nitrogen deposition, which is considered to be one of the leading causes for global biodiversity loss, were studied for the endangered endemic Mexican epiphytic orchid, Laelia speciosa, via a shadehouse dose-response experiment (doses were 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40, and 80 kg N ha(-1) yr(-1)) in order to assess the potential risk facing this orchid given impending scenarios of nitrogen deposition. Lower doses of nitrogen of up to 20 kg N ha yr(-1), the dose that led to optimal plant performance, acted as fertilizer. For instance, the production of leaves and pseudobulbs were respectively 35% and 36% greater for plants receiving 20 kg N ha yr(-1) than under any other dose. Also, the chlorophyll content and quantum yield peaked at 0.66 ± 0.03 g m(-2) and 0.85 ± 0.01, respectively, for plants growing under the optimum dose. In contrast, toxic effects were observed at the higher doses of 40 and 80 kg N ha yr(-1). The ? (13)C for leaves averaged -14.7 ± 0.2‰ regardless of the nitrogen dose. In turn, ? (15)N decreased as the nitrogen dose increased from 0.9 ± 0.1‰ under 2.5 kg N ha(-1)yr(-1) to -3.1 ± 0.2‰ under 80 kg N ha(-1)yr(-1), indicating that orchids preferentially assimilate NH4 (+) rather than NO3 (-) of the solution under higher doses of nitrogen. Laelia speciosa showed a clear response to inputs of nitrogen, thus, increasing rates of atmospheric nitrogen deposition can pose an important threat for this species.

SUBMITTER: Diaz-Alvarez EA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4485242 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2014-01-01 | S-EPMC3973647 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4823648 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7441530 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC4712137 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3877223 | BioStudies
2014-01-01 | S-EPMC3983264 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4523353 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC5013440 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6920463 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC6193662 | BioStudies