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Cutting Edge: IFN-? Produced by Brain-Resident Cells Is Crucial To Control Cerebral Infection with Toxoplasma gondii.


ABSTRACT: In vitro studies demonstrated that microglia and astrocytes produce IFN-? in response to various stimulations, including LPS. However, the physiological role of IFN-? production by brain-resident cells, including glial cells, in resistance against cerebral infections remains unknown. We analyzed the role of IFN-? production by brain-resident cells in resistance to reactivation of cerebral infection with Toxoplasma gondii using a murine model. Our study using bone marrow chimeric mice revealed that IFN-? production by brain-resident cells is essential for upregulating IFN-?-mediated protective innate immune responses to restrict cerebral T. gondii growth. Studies using a transgenic strain that expresses IFN-? only in CD11b(+) cells suggested that IFN-? production by microglia, which is the only CD11b(+) cell population among brain-resident cells, is able to suppress the parasite growth. Furthermore, IFN-? produced by brain-resident cells is pivotal for recruiting T cells into the brain to control the infection. These results indicate that IFN-? produced by brain-resident cells is crucial for facilitating both the protective innate and T cell-mediated immune responses to control cerebral infection with T. gondii.

SUBMITTER: Sa Q 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4520543 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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