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Genetic deletion of the GATA1-regulated protein ?-synuclein reduces oxidative stress and nitric oxide synthase levels in mature erythrocytes.


ABSTRACT: ?-Synuclein is highly expressed in neural tissue and during erythropoiesis, where the key erythroid regulator GATA1 has been found to modulate its expression. While specific ?-synuclein (SNCA) mutations are known to cause autosomal dominant familial Parkinson's disease, its wild-type function remains under debate. To investigate the role of ?-synuclein in murine hematopoiesis and erythropoiesis, we utilized Snca knock-out mice and analyzed erythroid compartments for maturation defects, in vivo erythrocyte survival, and erythrocyte-based reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) levels. Our findings show that while bone marrow and spleen erythropoiesis and peripheral blood erythrocyte survival in Snca(-/-) mice was comparable to controls, the levels of ROS and of NOS-2 were significantly decreased in mature erythrocytes in these animals. These results indicate a role for ?-synuclein in regulating oxidative stress in erythrocytes in vivo and could open new avenues for the investigation of its function in non-neural tissue.

SUBMITTER: Renella R 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4533827 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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