Presence of antioxidative agent, Pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazine-1,4-dione, hexahydro- in newly isolated Streptomyces mangrovisoli sp. nov.
ABSTRACT: A novel Streptomyces, strain MUSC 149(T) was isolated from mangrove soil. A polyphasic approach was used to study the taxonomy of MUSC 149(T), which shows a range of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with those of the members of the genus Streptomyces. The diamino acid of the cell wall peptidoglycan was LL-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK9(H8) and MK9(H6). Phylogenetic analysis indicated that closely related strains include Streptomyces rhizophilus NBRC 108885(T) (99.2% sequence similarity), S. gramineus NBRC 107863(T) (98.7%) and S. graminisoli NBRC 108883(T) (98.5%). The DNA-DNA relatedness values between MUSC 149(T) and closely related type strains ranged from 12.4 ± 3.3% to 27.3 ± 1.9%. The DNA G + C content was determined to be 72.7 mol%. The extract of MUSC 149(T) exhibited strong antioxidant activity and chemical analysis reported identification of an antioxidant agent, Pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazine-1,4-dione, hexahydro-. These data showed that metabolites of MUSC 149(T) shall be useful as preventive agent against free-radical associated diseases. Based on the polyphasic study of MUSC 149(T), the strain merits assignment to a novel species, for which the name S. mangrovisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MUSC 149(T) (=MCCC 1K00699(T)=DSM 100438(T)).
Project description:A novel strain, Streptomyces antioxidans MUSC 164(T) was recovered from mangrove forest soil located at Tanjung Lumpur, Malaysia. The Gram-positive bacterium forms yellowish-white aerial and brilliant greenish yellow substrate mycelium on ISP 2 agar. A polyphasic approach was used to determine the taxonomy status of strain MUSC 164(T). The strain showed a spectrum of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with those of the members of the genus Streptomyces. The cell wall peptidoglycan was determined to contain LL-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8), while the identified polar lipids consisted of aminolipid, diphosphatidylglycerol, glycolipid, hydroxyphosphatidylethanolamine, phospholipid, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and lipid. The cell wall sugars consist of galactose, glucose and ribose. The predominant cellular fatty acids (>10.0%) were identified as iso-C15: 0 (34.8%) and anteiso-C15: 0(14.0%). Phylogenetic analysis identified that closely related strains for MUSC 164(T) as Streptomyces javensis NBRC 100777(T) (99.6% sequence similarity), Streptomyces yogyakartensis NBRC 100779(T) (99.6%) and Streptomyces violaceusniger NBRC 13459(T) (99.6%). The DNA-DNA relatedness values between MUSC 164(T) and closely related type strains ranged from 23.8 ± 0.3% to 53.1 ± 4.3%. BOX-PCR fingerprints comparison showed that MUSC 164(T) exhibits a unique DNA profile, with DNA G + C content determined to be 71.6 mol%. Based on the polyphasic study of MUSC 164(T), it is concluded that this strain represents a novel species, for which the name Streptomyces antioxidans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MUSC 164(T) (=DSM 101523(T) = MCCC 1K01590(T)). The extract of MUSC 164(T) showed potent antioxidative and neuroprotective activities against hydrogen peroxide. The chemical analysis of the extract revealed that the strain produces pyrazines and phenolic-related compounds that could explain for the observed bioactivities.
Project description:A new Streptomyces species discovered from Sarawak mangrove soil is described, with the proposed name - Streptomyces monashensis sp. nov. (strain MUSC 1JT). Taxonomy status of MUSC 1JT was determined via polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties of strain MUSC 1JT were in accordance with those known for genus Streptomyces. Based on phylogenetic analyses, the strains closely related to MUSC 1JT were Streptomyces corchorusii DSM 40340T (98.7%), Streptomyces olivaceoviridis NBRC 13066T (98.7%), Streptomyces canarius NBRC 13431T (98.6%) and Streptomyces coacervatus AS-0823T (98.4%). Outcomes of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain MUSC 1JT and its closely related type strains covered from 19.7?±?2.8% to 49.1?±?4.3%. Strain MUSC 1JT has genome size of 10,254,857?bp with DNA G?+?C content of 71?mol%. MUSC 1JT extract exhibited strong antioxidative activity up to 83.80?±?4.80% in the SOD assay, with significant cytotoxic effect against colon cancer cell lines HCT-116 and SW480. Streptomyces monashensis MUSC 1JT (=DSM 103626T?=?MCCC 1K03221T) could potentially be a producer of novel bioactive metabolites; hence discovery of this new species may be highly significant to the biopharmaceutical industry as it could lead to development of new and useful chemo-preventive drugs.
Project description:Streptomyces colonosanans MUSC 93JT, a novel strain isolated from mangrove forest soil located at Sarawak, Malaysia. The bacterium was noted to be Gram-positive and to form light yellow aerial and vivid yellow substrate mycelium on ISP 2 agar. The polyphasic approach was used to determine the taxonomy of strain MUSC 93JT and the strain showed a range of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with those of the members of the genus Streptomyces. Phylogenetic and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that closely related strains include Streptomyces malachitofuscus NBRC 13059T (99.2% sequence similarity), Streptomyces misionensis NBRC 13063T (99.1%), and Streptomyces phaeoluteichromatogenes NRRL 5799T (99.1%). The DNA-DNA relatedness values between MUSC 93JT and closely related type strains ranged from 14.4 ± 0.1 to 46.2 ± 0.4%. The comparison of BOX-PCR fingerprints indicated MUSC 93JT exhibits a unique DNA profile. The genome of MUSC 93JT consists of 7,015,076 bp. The DNA G + C content was determined to be 69.90 mol%. The extract of strain MUSC 93JT was demonstrated to exhibit potent antioxidant activity via ABTS, metal chelating, and SOD assays. This extract also exhibited anticancer activity against human colon cancer cell lines without significant cytotoxic effect against human normal colon cells. Furthermore, the chemical analysis of the extract further emphasizes the strain is producing chemo-preventive related metabolites. Based on this polyphasic study of MUSC 93JT, it is concluded that this strain represents a novel species, for which the name Streptomyces colonosanans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MUSC 93JT (= DSM 102042T = MCCC 1K02298T).
Project description:Actinobacteria from the unique intertidal ecosystem of the mangroves are known to produce novel, bioactive secondary metabolites. A novel strain known as MUSC 136(T) (=DSM 100712(T)?= MCCC 1K01246(T)) which was isolated from Malaysian mangrove forest soil has proven to be no exception. Assessed by a polyphasic approach, its taxonomy showed a range of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with the genus of Streptomyces. Phylogenetically, highest similarity was to Streptomyces misionensis NBRC 13063(T) (99.6%) along with two other strains (>98.9% sequence similarities). The DNA-DNA relatedness between MUSC 136(T) and these type strains ranged from 22.7 ± 0.5% to 46.5 ± 0.2%. Overall, polyphasic approach studies indicated this strain represents a novel species, for which the name Streptomyces malaysiense sp. nov. is proposed. The potential bioactivities of this strain were explored by means of antioxidant and cytotoxic assays. Intriguingly, MUSC 136(T) exhibited strong antioxidative activities as evaluated by a panel of antioxidant assays. It was also found to possess high cytotoxic effect against HCT-116 cells, which probably mediated through altering p53 protein and intracellular glutathione levels. Chemical analysis of the extract using GC-MS further affirms that the strain produces chemopreventive related metabolites.
Project description:(1) Background: Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 derived from seawater produces lydicamycin and its congeners. We aimed to investigate its taxonomic status; (2) Methods: A polyphasic approach and whole genome analysis are employed; (3) Results: Strain TP-A0598 contained ll-diaminopimelic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, and alanine in its peptidoglycan. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8), and the major fatty acids were C16:0, iso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, and anteiso-C15:0. Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 showed a 16S rDNA sequence similarity value of 99.93% (1 nucleottide difference) to Streptomyces angustmyceticus NRRL B-2347T. The digital DNA-DNA hybridisation value between Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 and its closely related type strains was 25%-46%. Differences in phenotypic characteristics between Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 and its phylogenetically closest relative, S. angustmyceticus NBRC 3934T, suggested strain TP-A0598 to be a novel species. Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 and S. angustmyceticus NBRC 3934T harboured nine and 13 biosynthetic gene clusters for polyketides and nonribosomal peptides, respectively, among which only five clusters were shared between them, whereas the others are specific for each strain; and (4) Conclusions: For strain TP-A0598, the name Streptomyces lydicamycinicus sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is TP-A0598T (=NBRC 110027T).
Project description:A novel actinomycete producing heliquinomycin and 9'-methoxy-heliquinomycin, designated strain jys28T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of Pinus yunnanensis and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain had morphological characteristics and chemotaxonomic properties identical to those of members of the genus Streptomyces. It formed spiral chains of spores with spiny surfaces. The menaquinones detected were MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H4). The major fatty acids were iso-C16:0, C15:0, C16:1?7? and anteiso-C15:0. The phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. The DNA G + C content of the draft genome sequence, consisting of 8.5 Mbp, was 70.6%. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain jys28T belongs to the genus Streptomyces with the highest sequence similarities to Streptomyces chattanoogensis NBRC 13058T (99.2%) and Streptomyces lydicus DSM 40002T (99.2%) and phylogenetically clustered with them. Multilocus sequence analysis based on five other house-keeping genes (atpD, gyrB, rpoB, recA and trpB) and the low level of DNA-DNA relatedness and phenotypic differences allowed the novel isolate to be differentiated from its most closely related strains. Therefore, the strain is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces piniterrae sp. nov. is proposed. Furthermore, the putative biosynthetic gene cluster of heliquinomycins was identified and the biosynthetic pathway was discussed. The type strain is jys28T (=CCTCC AA 2018051T =DSM 109823T).
Project description:A novel isolate belonging to the genus Streptomyces, strain SL-4(T), was isolated from soil sample collected from a sanitary landfill, New Delhi, India. The taxonomic status of this isolate was studied by polyphasic approach including morphological, physiological and chemo-taxonomic characterization. Spore chains of SL-4(T) were open loops, hooks or extended spirals of wide diameter (retinaculiperti). The cell wall peptidoglycan of the isolate SL-4(T) contained L,L-diaminopimelic acid, suggesting that the strain has a cell wall of chemotype-I. The polar lipid profile of the isolate was of Type II, with phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The 16SrRNA gene sequence similarity between SL-4(T) and its phylogenetic relatives Streptomyces atrovirens NRRLB 16357 (T) (DQ026672), S. albogriseolus NRRLB 1305 (T) (AJ494865), S viridodiastaticus NBRC 13106 (T) (AB184317), S. caelestis NRRL 2418 (T) (X80824), S. flavoviridis NBRC 12772 (T) (AB184842), S. pilosus NBRC 12807 (T) (AB184161) and S. longispororuber NBRC 13488 (T) (AB184440) was 99.65, 99.65, 99.64, 99.23, 99.15, 99.14 and 99.13 % respectively. Subsequent DNA-DNA hybridization experiments with the test strain and its clade members showed 55.27, 44.27, 36.86, and 15.65 % relatedness between SL-4(T) and its relatives S. atrovirens, S. albogriseolus, S. viridodiastaticus and S. longispororuber respectively. The genotypic and phenotypic data was analyzed to verify possibility of the isolate SL-4(T) representing novel member of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name S. antibioticalis is being proposed. The type strain is SL-4(T) (=CCM 7434(T)=MTCC 8588(T)).
Project description:Actinomycetes isolated from marine sediments along the southeast coast of Bay of Bengal were investigated for amylolytic activity. Marine actinomycete BTSS 1001 producing an alkaline amylase was identified from marine sediment of Diviseema coast, Bay of Bengal. The isolate produced alkaline amylase with maximum amylolytic activity at pH 9.5 at 50°C. The organism produced white to pale grey substrate mycelium and grayish aerial mycelium with pinkish brown pigmentation. A comprehensive study of morphological, physiological parameters, cultural characteristics, and biochemical studies was performed. The presence of iso-C15?:?0, anteiso-C15?:?0, iso-C16?:?0, and anteiso-C17?:?0 as the major cellular fatty acids, LL-diaminopimelic acid as the characteristic cell wall component, and menaquinones MK-9H(6) and MK-9H(8) as the major isoprenoid quinones is attributed to the strain BTSS 1001 belonging to the genus Streptomyces. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain BTSS 1001 exhibited the highest similarities to the type strains of Streptomyces rochei (99%), Streptomyces plicatus (99%), and Streptomyces enissocaesilis (99%). Using the polyphasic taxonomical approach and phenotypic characteristic studies, the isolate BTSS 1001 was characterized as marine actinomycete Streptomyces rochei.
Project description:A novel endophytic actinomycete strain GKU 173T isolated from the roots of Acacia mangium Willd. showed potential plant growth promoting (PGP) activity. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene, indicated that strain GKU 173T was the most closely related to Fodinicola feengrottensis HKI 0501T-the only species in the genus Fodinicola. Morphology and chemotaxonomy of strain GKU 173T indicated that it belongs to the genus Fodinicola by having meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall and xylose as the characteristic cell-wall sugars. The cellular fatty acid profile mainly comprised iso-C16:0, anteiso-C17:0, iso-C18:0, and iso-C17:0. The major menaquinones were MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6), and MK-9(H8). The main polar phospholipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and phosphatidylinositol (PI). Genome analysis signified DNA G+C content of 67.81 mol%. The level of digital DNA-DNA relatedness between strain GKU 173T and the type strain was 21.30%. On the basis of polyphasic characteristics, strain GKU 173T clearly represents a novel species of the genus Fodinicola, for which the name Fodinicola acaciae sp. nov. (= TBRC 10620T = NBRC 114213T) is proposed. Furthermore, genome analysis of both strains suggested that members of the genus Fodinicola are promising sources of beneficial PGP-actinomycetes and novel secondary metabolites.
Project description:The mangrove ecosystem of Malaysia remains yet to be fully explored for potential microbes that produce biologically active metabolites. In the present study, a mangrove-derived Streptomyces sp. strain MUSC 14 previously isolated from the state of Pahang, Malaysia Peninsula, was studied for its potential in producing antioxidant metabolites. The identity of Streptomyces sp. strain MUSC14 was consistent with the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of the Streptomyces genus. The antioxidant potential of Streptomyces sp. strain MUSC 14 was determined through screening of its methanolic extract against sets of antioxidant assays. The results were indicative of Streptomyces sp. strain MUSC 14 displaying strong antioxidant activity against ABTS, DPPH free radicals and metal chelating activity of 62.71?±?3.30%, 24.71?±?2.22%, and 55.82?±?2.35%, respectively. The result of ferric reducing activity measured in terms of dose was equivalent to 2.35-2.45??g of positive control ascorbic acid. Furthermore, there was a high correlation between the total phenolic content and the antioxidant activities with r?=?0.979, r?=?0.858, and r?=?0.983 representing ABTS, DPPH, and metal chelation, respectively. Overall, the present study suggests that Streptomyces sp. strain MUSC 14 from mangrove forest soil has potential to produce antioxidant metabolites that can be further exploited for therapeutic application.