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Identification of commercial Ganoderma (Lingzhi) species by ITS2 sequences.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:DNA barcoding can be used to authenticate Ganoderma species for safe use. This study aims to identify commercial products containing Ganoderma using DNA barcoding. METHODS:We used 63 internal transcribed spacer (ITS) 2 sequences of Ganoderma species from 33 newly-sequenced wild samples, crude drugs, mycelia, spores, and authentic extracts and spore oils collected from various locations and markets, as well as 30 sequences from GenBank. Sequences were assembled and aligned using CodonCode Aligner V3.71. Intra- and inter-specific distances were estimated by MEGA 6.0, and phylogeny reconstruction was based on the K2P model. SNP(s) and RNA secondary structure of ITS2 were analyzed and compared among closely related Ganoderma species. RESULTS:G. lucidum cultivated in China was different from those cultivated in Europe. "Chizhi" (G. lucidum) and "Zizhi" (G. sinense) were clustered into two clades that were separated from the other Ganoderma species. The fruiting bodies and commercial products of G. lucidum and G. sinense were successfully distinguished from those of other Ganoderma species by comparing the ITS2 sequences and RNA secondary structures. CONCLUSION:The DNA barcoding method is applicable to the authentication of commercial products containing Ganoderma species.

SUBMITTER: Liao B 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4543481 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies