Dataset Information


A Priori and a Posteriori Dietary Patterns during Pregnancy and Gestational Weight Gain: The Generation R Study.

ABSTRACT: Abnormal gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. We examined whether dietary patterns are associated with GWG. Participants included 3374 pregnant women from a population-based cohort in the Netherlands. Dietary intake during pregnancy was assessed with food-frequency questionnaires. Three a posteriori-derived dietary patterns were identified using principal component analysis: a "Vegetable, oil and fish", a "Nuts, high-fiber cereals and soy", and a "Margarine, sugar and snacks" pattern. The a priori-defined dietary pattern was based on national dietary recommendations. Weight was repeatedly measured around 13, 20 and 30 weeks of pregnancy; pre-pregnancy and maximum weight were self-reported. Normal weight women with high adherence to the "Vegetable, oil and fish" pattern had higher early-pregnancy GWG than those with low adherence (43 g/week (95% CI 16; 69) for highest vs. lowest quartile (Q)). Adherence to the "Margarine, sugar and snacks" pattern was associated with a higher prevalence of excessive GWG (OR 1.45 (95% CI 1.06; 1.99) Q4 vs. Q1). Normal weight women with higher scores on the "Nuts, high-fiber cereals and soy" pattern had more moderate GWG than women with lower scores (-0.01 (95% CI -0.02; -0.00) per SD). The a priori-defined pattern was not associated with GWG. To conclude, specific dietary patterns may play a role in early pregnancy but are not consistently associated with GWG.

SUBMITTER: Tielemans MJ 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4663604 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6627583 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC7276248 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6773599 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4507874 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC6981933 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5537846 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3220844 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7413979 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6138708 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5852892 | BioStudies