Rupatadine in Established Treatment Schemes Improves Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria Symptoms and Patients' Quality of Life: a Prospective, Non-interventional Trial.
ABSTRACT: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a common and hard to treat condition associated with a substantial negative impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). Clinical studies have shown that rupatadine is effective and safe in the treatment of CSU, but data from routine clinical care are scarce. Therefore, we assessed the effectiveness and tolerability of rupatadine in established dosages on CSU activity and patients' QoL in a routine daily practice setting.This was an open, prospective, non-interventional study performed in 146 dermatological practices in Germany. CSU patients for whom treatment with rupatadine was indicated were eligible to participate. Key symptoms of urticaria activity and their impact on patients' QoL were assessed at the beginning and the end of treatment. Adverse events (AEs) and withdrawals, as well as the dosage regimens chosen, were documented. Patients and physicians were requested to rate effectiveness and tolerability of therapy at the final visit. All statistical analyses were descriptive.The majority of the 660 patients screened to be treated (median age 44 years, IQR = 31-59 years, n = 654) received rupatadine 10 mg tablets once (477 patients) or twice (105 patients) daily for a median time of 28 days. After treatment, 93.2% of the patients (606/650) reported a clear overall improvement of symptoms. Rupatadine significantly reduced the urticaria activity score (UAS7) as well as the frequency and severity of existing angioedema episodes. Similarly all domains of the urticaria-specific QoL questionnaire (CU-Q2oL) were markedly improved. The majority of physicians and patients rated rupatadine treatment as effective and well tolerated. There were 39 (5.9%) early treatment withdrawals, and 21 patients (3.2%) experienced AEs.Rupatadine when given according to the routine treating schemes improves symptoms and CU-Q2oL of CSU patients; the drug is also safe and well tolerated.Dr. R. Pfleger GmbH.
Project description:<h4>Introduction</h4>Rupatadine is a marketed second generation antihistamine, with anti-PAF activity, indicated for symptomatic treatment of allergic rhinitis and urticaria. This study was conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), safety and tolerability of rupatadine in healthy Japanese subjects after single and multiple oral doses.<h4>Methods</h4>In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 27 male and female healthy Japanese subjects were administered single and multiple escalating rupatadine dose of 10, 20 and 40 mg or placebo. Blood samples were collected at different time points for PK measurements and subjects were assessed for safety and tolerability. The effect of rupatadine on cognitive functioning was evaluated by means of computerized cognitive tests: rapid visual information processing (RVP), reaction time (RT), spatial working memory (SWM) and visual analogue scales (VAS).<h4>Results</h4>Exposure to rupatadine as measured by Cmax and AUC was found to increase in a dose dependent manner over the dose range of 10-40 mg for both single and multiple dose administration. The safety assessments showed that all treatment related side effects were of mild intensity and there were no serious adverse events (SAEs) or withdrawals due to treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) in this study. The therapeutic dose of rupatadine did not show any CNS impairment in any of the cognitive tests.<h4>Conclusions</h4>This study demonstrated that rupatadine is safe and well tolerated by Japanese healthy subjects. The PK-PD profile confirmed previous experience with rupatadine.
Project description:<h4>Introduction</h4>Assessing the consequences of chronic spontaneous/idiopathic urticaria (CSU) requires the evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) associated with the severity of CSU signs and symptoms. It is important to understand how signs, symptoms, and HRQoL change over time in CSU. Evidence is lacking on how closely changes in signs and symptoms of CSU are related to changes in HRQoL. The objective of this study was to assess the correlation between changes in patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) of signs and symptoms, dermatologic quality of life (QoL), and urticaria-specific QoL.<h4>Methods</h4>Latent growth models (LGMs) were applied to longitudinal data from three randomized, Phase 3 clinical trials investigating the efficacy and safety of omalizumab in CSU.<h4>Results</h4>A near-perfect association between changes in signs and symptoms and changes in dermatologic and urticaria-specific QoLs was identified in each clinical trial when using LGMs (correlation coefficient range 0.88-0.92).<h4>Conclusion</h4>Evidence showed that changes in signs and symptoms are closely related to changes in HRQoL. However, analyses were performed on clinical trial results of an extremely effective treatment; a less effective treatment with much smaller changes over time may not show such close correlations. Results suggest that any of these PROMs may be used to understand changes in CSU.
Project description:Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) can be debilitating, difficult to treat, and frustrating for patients and physicians. Real-world evidence for the burden of CSU is limited. The objective of this study was to document disease duration, treatment history, and disease activity, as well as impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and work among patients with inadequately controlled CSU, and to describe its humanistic, societal, and economic burden.This international observational study assessed a cohort of 673 adult patients with CSU whose symptoms persisted for ?12 months despite treatment. Demographics, disease characteristics, and healthcare resource use in the previous 12 months were collected from medical records. Patient-reported data on urticaria and angioedema symptoms, HRQoL, and work productivity and activity impairment were collected from a survey and a diary.Almost 50% of patients had moderate-to-severe disease activity as reported by Urticaria Activity Score. Mean (SD) Dermatology Life Quality Index and Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire scores were 9.1 (6.62) and 33.6 (20.99), respectively. Chronic spontaneous urticaria markedly interfered with sleep and daily activities. Angioedema in the previous 12 months was reported by 66% of enrolled patients and significantly affected HRQoL. More than 20% of patients reported ?1 hour per week of missed work; productivity impairment was 27%. These effects increased with increasing disease activity. Significant healthcare resources and costs were incurred to treat CSU.Chronic spontaneous urticaria has considerable humanistic and economic impacts. Patients with greater disease activity and with angioedema experience greater HRQoL impairments.
Project description:Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a disease with significant morbidity and relative prevalence that has important effects on the quality of life (QoL) of those who suffer from it. Omalizumab is a recombinant humanized anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody that binds to the Cε3 domain of the IgE heavy chain and prevents it from binding to its high-affinity receptor FcεRI. It has been largely studied in the field of asthma and is currently approved for the treatment of both adult and pediatric (children; >6-year-old) patients. In addition, in recent, well-controlled clinical trials in patients with CSU resistant to antihistamines, add-on therapy with subcutaneous omalizumab significantly reduced the severity of itching, and the number and size of hives, and increased patients' health-related QoL and the proportion of days free from angioedema compared with placebo, with an excellent tolerance. Thus, omalizumab is an effective and well-tolerated add-on therapy for patients with CSU who are symptomatic despite background therapy with H1 antihistamines. In this review, we cover the following points: epidemiology, pathogenesis, assessment of activity, impact on QoL, and treatment of CSU, and finally, we focus on omalizumab in the treatment of CSU including the pharmacokinetic properties and mechanism of action, and use in pregnant women, nursing infants, and children.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The X-ACT study aimed to examine the effect of omalizumab treatment on quality of life (QoL) in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) patients with angioedema refractory to high doses of H1 -antihistamines. METHODS:In X-ACT, a phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, CSU patients (18-75 years) with ≥4 angioedema episodes during the 6 months before inclusion were randomized (1:1) to receive omalizumab 300 mg or placebo every 4 weeks for 28 weeks. Angioedema-related QoL, skin-related QoL impairment, and psychological well-being were assessed. RESULTS:Ninety-one patients were randomized and 68 (omalizumab, n = 35; placebo, n = 33) completed the 28-week treatment period. At baseline, the mean (SD) total Angioedema QoL (AE-QoL; 56.2 [18.7] and 59.9 [19.2]) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI; 14.6 [5.7] and 16.6 [7.3]) score were high in the omalizumab and placebo group, respectively. At Week 4 (after the first treatment), the least squares mean difference in the AE-QoL and DLQI score between groups was -17.6 (P < .001) and -7.2 (P < .001), respectively. Significant QoL improvements in the omalizumab vs placebo groups continued until Week 28, but returned to placebo levels at the follow-up visit. The mean (SD) baseline 5-item World Health Organization Well-being Index was 10.0 (5.5, omalizumab) and 7.7 (5.3, placebo), which increased above the depression threshold (<13) from Week 4 and throughout with omalizumab but not placebo treatment. Compared to placebo, omalizumab was also associated with decreased fear of suffocation due to angioedema. CONCLUSIONS:Our findings support omalizumab treatment in patients with severe H1-antihistamine-refractory CSU with angioedema.
Project description:BACKGROUND:One-quarter of systemic symptoms associated with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) are related to gastrointestinal complaints (GICs). OBJECTIVES:To investigate the prevalence and features of urticaria-overlapping GICs. METHODS:In this retrospective cross-sectional survey, 1426 consecutive outpatients were observed at our University Department. Only patients suffering from urticaria or GICs with a complete diagnostic work-up including serum total IgE level (Tot-IgE), differential blood count and urticaria activity score (UAS), were evaluated. RESULTS:Among different GICs, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was the most frequent syndrome observed (15.4%; 95%CI: 13.6-17.3). The prevalence of overlap syndrome for urticaria and GERD was 5.9% (95%CI: 4.7-7.2). In urticaria-patients, the prevalence of GERD was four-fold higher than in patients without hives (44% vs. 11%, p<0.001). UAS was significantly higher in urticaria and GERD overlap syndromes vs. isolated urticarias. In patients with GERD or acute/chronic urticaria or overlap syndrome, Tot-IgE and eosinophil blood count (EBC) differed significantly, with a stepwise increase in their values; from the subgroup of patients with GERD only, to that with overlap of CSU to GERD. Prevalence values for urticaria overlapping with GERD were three- and two-fold higher in CSU and in long-duration GERD cases respectively compared to acute urticaria or short-duration GERD cases. Similar to Th2 pathology models, CSU and GERD overlap syndrome was significantly and independently associated with Total-IgE ?100IU/ml or EBC ?250/mmc compared to CSU or GERD. Endoscopic/bioptic findings of non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) or Barrett's esophagus (BE) were more frequent in chronic overlap syndrome than in GERD-patients. CONCLUSIONS:GERD was the most frequent GIC in patients with urticaria. Overlap syndrome was more frequent among patients with CSU, where this syndrome was associated with higher values of UAS, Tot-IgE, EBC and frequencies of NERD and BE. These results suggest that overlap syndrome is frequently a chronic syndrome with a Th2-like profile.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Approximately 50% of patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) experience symptoms that are not fully controlled by antihistamines, indicating an unmet clinical need. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effects of the selective CRTh2 antagonist AZD1981 on symptoms and targeted leukocytes in adults with persistent CSU despite treatment with H1-antihistamines. METHODS:We performed a single-center, randomized, placebo-controlled study involving adult CSU subjects with symptoms despite daily antihistamines. The subjects underwent a 2-week placebo run-in and 4 weeks of double-blinded therapy with either AZD1981 40 mg TID or placebo, followed by a 2-week placebo washout. The primary objective was to assess the effect of AZD1981 on CSU signs and symptoms. Secondary objectives included the effects of AZD1981 on prostaglandin D2 (PGD2)-induced eosinophil shape change, circulating leukocyte subsets, CRTh2 expression on blood leukocytes, and total blood leukocyte histamine content. RESULTS:Twenty-eight subjects were randomized to AZD1981 or placebo, with 26 subjects completing the study. The urticaria activity scores declined during the treatment phase in both groups, and they were significantly reduced in the AZD1981 group at the end of washout. AZD1981 treatment increased circulating eosinophils and significantly impaired PGD2-mediated eosinophil shape change. CRTh2 surface expression rose significantly on blood basophils during active treatment. No serious adverse events were observed. CONCLUSIONS:This is the first study to examine the efficacy of a CRTh2 antagonist in antihistamine-refractory CSU. AZD1981 treatment was well tolerated, effectively inhibited PGD2-mediated eosinophil shape change, shifted numbers of circulating eosinophils, and reduced weekly itch scores more than hives during treatment and into washout. Further studies are needed to determine whether inhibition of the PGD2/CRTh2 pathway will be an -effective treatment for CSU.
Project description:To obtain utility estimates suitable for use in economic models for chronic spontaneous (idiopathic) urticaria (CSU).Patient-level data from three randomized clinical trials-ASTERIA I, ASTERIA II and GLACIAL-were analysed. Health states were derived from the Urticaria Activity Score over 7 days (UAS7); higher scores denote greater activity. The health state score ranges were urticaria free: 0; well-controlled urticaria: 1-6; mild urticaria: 7-15; moderate urticaria: 16-27; and severe urticaria: 28-42. The mean EQ-5D utilities were calculated for each health state. A mixed model was used to predict the EQ-5D according to UAS7 health states in a pooled data set containing all treatment arms and time points from the three trials. Pooled trial data were validated through visual comparisons and interaction terms. Fixed and random effects for trials and patients were included, along with the following covariates: UAS7 health state at baseline (moderate or severe); presence of angioedema at baseline and during follow-up; duration of CSU; number of previous CSU medications; visit; current treatment; and patient age and sex.There was a consistent improvement in EQ-5D utilities as urticaria activity decreased. The mean utilities ranged from 0.710 (severe urticaria) to 0.780 (moderate urticaria), 0.829 (mild urticaria), 0.862 (well-controlled urticaria) and 0.894 (urticaria free). Sensitivity and subgroup analyses confirmed the robustness of the results.The results suggest that EQ-5D utility scores increase with decreasing urticaria activity. EQ-5D utility scores enable the health-related quality of life of CSU patients to be compared with that of patients with other diseases.
Project description:INTRODUCTION:Omalizumab is indicated for the treatment of patients affected by chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) refractory to antihistamines. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and recurrence of symptoms in a real-life experience of omalizumab as an add-on therapy for H1-antihistamine-refractory CSU patients (refractory CSU). METHODS:A retrospective review of the clinical records of all refractory CSU treated with omalizumab at our dermatology center from June 2014 to April 2017 was performed. Patients previously treated with second-generation antihistamines at a fourfold increased dose without clinical responses at 4 weeks of treatment were selected. Omalizumab was administered at a single dosage of 300 mg every 4 weeks for 6 months. Disease severity was assessed using the 7-day Urticaria Activity Score (UAS7). RESULTS:Eighteen patients (14 women; mean age 51 years, range 25-74) were enrolled. Mean UAS7 at baseline was 27.3 (range 15-38). Symptoms improved in all patients at 4 weeks (UAS7?=?16.1, range 0-36). Treatment was completed in 17 patients (94.4%), and among these, a complete response (UAS7?=?0) was registered in 10 patients (58.8%). Adverse events included thrombocytopenia in 1 patient (5.6%) at 16 weeks; therapy was suspended after 20 weeks and the complication was resolved, resulting in a freedom from major adverse events of 94.4%. Symptom recurrence occurred in 3 patients (17.6%) at 4, 5, and 7 months from the end of the primary therapy. Retreatment with omalizumab was successful without any adverse effects. Mean follow-up was 9.5 months (range 1-28). CONCLUSION:Add-on omalizumab therapy for refractory CSU in a real-life setting seems to be effective and safe with a relatively low incidence of symptom recurrence. Further research should investigate personalized omalizumab treatment dosages and administration intervals, and the identification of biomarkers for future treatment algorithms.
Project description:Many patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) identify different foods as triggers of their symptoms and frequently make dietary restrictions without enough information.To explore the diet habits of CSU patients and estimate the clinical impact of the foods most frequently reported to be suspect.Patients were interrogated about their clinical history of urticaria. Skin prick test and sIgE serum were done for most frequently reported foods by patients. Food challenge test was also performed. A group of healthy subjects was included to compare the dietary habits and the results of the diagnostic tests.Patients with CSU (n 245) and healthy (n 127) subjects were included. 164 (66%) subjects from CSU group and 31 (24%) from the control group reported at least one adverse reaction with foods. Food IgE sensitization was similar in both groups (17.5% versus 16.5%, respectively). 410 food challenge tests in 164 CSU patients and 38 in 38 control subjects were performed. 1.2% in CSU group and 0.7% in control group had a positive oral challenge test.Despite the high frequency of self-report by patients, foods are uncommon triggers of CSU. Nevertheless, food challenge tests have to be offered early during medical evaluation to avoid unnecessary restrictions.