Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Fungal cryptochrome with DNA repair activity reveals an early stage in cryptochrome evolution.


ABSTRACT: DASH (Drosophila, Arabidopsis, Synechocystis, Human)-type cryptochromes (cry-DASH) belong to a family of flavoproteins acting as repair enzymes for UV-B-induced DNA lesions (photolyases) or as UV-A/blue light photoreceptors (cryptochromes). They are present in plants, bacteria, various vertebrates, and fungi and were originally considered as sensory photoreceptors because of their incapability to repair cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) lesions in duplex DNA. However, cry-DASH can repair CPDs in single-stranded DNA, but their role in DNA repair in vivo remains to be clarified. The genome of the fungus Phycomyces blakesleeanus contains a single gene for a protein of the cryptochrome/photolyase family (CPF) encoding a cry-DASH, cryA, despite its ability to photoreactivate. Here, we show that cryA expression is induced by blue light in a Mad complex-dependent manner. Moreover, we demonstrate that CryA is capable of binding flavin (FAD) and methenyltetrahydrofolate (MTHF), fully complements the Escherichia coli photolyase mutant and repairs in vitro CPD lesions in single-stranded and double-stranded DNA with the same efficiency. These results support a role for Phycomyces cry-DASH as a photolyase and suggest a similar role for cry-DASH in mucoromycotina fungi.

SUBMITTER: Tagua VG 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4679004 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2006-01-01 | S-EPMC1635974 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5812317 | BioStudies
2008-01-01 | S-EPMC2634942 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3430658 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4564169 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3156801 | BioStudies
2014-01-01 | S-EPMC4070973 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC2755890 | BioStudies
2010-01-01 | S-EPMC2863965 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3623198 | BioStudies