Is virtual chromoendoscopy useful in the evaluation of subtle ulcerative small-bowel lesions detected by video capsule endoscopy?
ABSTRACT: The identification of subtle small-bowel mucosal lesions by video capsule endoscopy (VCE) can be challenging. Virtual chromoendoscopy techniques, based on narrowing the bandwidth of conventional white light endoscopic imaging (WLI), were developed to improve the analysis of mucosal patterns. However, data on the already-implemented Flexible spectral Imaging (or Fujinon Intelligent) Color Enhancement (FICE) software application in VCE are limited.An evaluation of 250 difficult-to-interpret small-bowel ulcerative and 50 artifact lesions selected from 64 VCE recordings was conducted by four experienced VCE readers in two steps: initially as WLI, then with the addition of all available virtual chromoendoscopy pre-sets (FICE 1, 2, and 3 and Blue mode). The readers labeled them as real or false ulcerative lesions and rated the usefulness of each of the pre-sets.Between the first (WLI-only) and second (virtual chromoendoscopy-aided) readings, in terms of accuracy there was a global 16.5 % (95 % confidence interval [95 %CI] 13.6 - 19.4 %) improvement (P < 0.001), derived from a 22 % [95 %CI 18.9 - 25.1 %] improvement in the evaluation of true ulcerative images (P < 0.001) and an 11 % (95 %CI 4.1 - 17.7 %) decrease in the evaluation of false ulcerative ones (P = 0.003). The FICE 1 and 2 pre-sets were rated as most useful.The application of virtual chromoendoscopy for VCE is useful to better categorize difficult-to-interpret small-bowel mucosal ulcerative lesions. However, care must be taken, and individual images should be evaluated only as part of a sequence in a recording because the technology can also mistakenly guide to the incorrect interpretation of artifacts as ulcerative lesions.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC4683137 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01