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Assessment of Genetic Diversity in Secale cereale Based on SSR Markers.


ABSTRACT: The primary aim of this study was to estimate genetic diversity among Secale cereale L. accessions using 22 previously published simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. The plant material included 367 rye accessions comprising historical and contemporary cultivars, cultivated materials, landraces, and breeding strains from the Polish breeding company Danko. The studied accessions represented a wide geographical diversity. Several methods were employed to analyze genetic diversity among the Secale cereale L. accessions and to determine population structure: principal coordinate analysis (PCoA), neighbor-joining (NJ), and Bayesian clustering. We also defined a core collection of 25 rye accessions representing over 93 % of SSR alleles. The results of these analyses showed that accessions from the rye gene bank are clearly divergent in comparison with materials received directly from European breeding companies. Our findings suggest also that the genetic pool of current rye cultivars is becoming narrower during breeding processes. The selected panel of SSR markers performed well in detection of genetic diversity patterns and can be recommended for future germplasm characterization studies in rye.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4722074 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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