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Significant Impact of Immunogen Design on the Diversity of Antibodies Generated by Carbohydrate-Based Anticancer Vaccine.

ABSTRACT: Development of an effective vaccine targeting tumor associated carbohydrate antigens (TACAs) is an appealing approach toward tumor immunotherapy. While much emphasis has been typically placed on generating high antibody titers against the immunizing antigen, the impact of immunogen design on the diversity of TACA-specific antibodies elicited has been overlooked. Herein, we report that the immunogen structure can significantly impact the breadth and the magnitude of humoral responses. Vaccine constructs that induced diverse TACA-binding antibodies provided much stronger recognition of a variety of Tn positive tumor cells. Optimization of the breadth of the antibody response led to a vaccine construct that demonstrated long lasting efficacy in a mouse tumor model. After challenged with the highly aggressive TA3Ha cells, mice immunized with the new construct exhibited a statistically significant improvement in survival relative to controls (0% vs 50% survival; p < 0.0001). Furthermore, the surviving mice developed long-term immunity against TA3Ha. Thus, both the magnitude and the breadth of antibody reactivity should be considered when designing TACA-based antitumor vaccines.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4725323 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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