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Downregulation of miR-522 suppresses proliferation and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer cells by directly targeting DENN/MADD domain containing 2D.

ABSTRACT: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), one of the most common causes of cancer-related death, is a worldwide public health problem. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been identified as a novel class of regulators of carcinogenesis and tumor progression, including miRNAs associated with NSCLC. This study aimed to explore the role of miR-522 in NSCLC and the mechanisms underlying this role. We report here that miR-522 expression was significantly increased in both human NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, an MTT assay, 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay kit and flow cytometry confirmed that the inhibition of miR-522 suppressed NSCLC cells proliferation and induced apoptosis. Compared with miR-522 overexpression, miR-522 inhibitor markedly reduced cells migration and invasion, as indicated by wound-healing and transwell assays. In addition, a luciferase assay identified DENN/MADD domain containing 2D (DENND2D) as a direct target of miR-522. qRT-PCR and western blot analyses indicated the reciprocal expression of miR-522 and DENND2D in NSCLC tissue samples. DENND2D was involved in miR-522 induced proliferation and metastasis of NSCLC cells by a miRNA-masking antisense oligonucleotides (miR-mask) technology. These data highlight a novel molecular interaction between miR-522 and DENND2D, which indicates that targeting miR-522 may constitute a potential therapy for NSCLC.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4726064 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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