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Muscle-specific microRNAs as biomarkers of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy progression and response to therapies.


ABSTRACT: Recent studies have revealed the contribution of fibro-adipogenic progenitors (FAPs) to the pathogenesis and progression of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). While FAPs direct compensatory regeneration at early stages of disease, as the disease progresses they contribute to the progressive replacement of contractile myofibers with fibrotic scars and fatty infiltration. Using the mouse model of DMD - the mdx mice - we have recently reported that FAPs mediate the ability of HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) to promote muscle regeneration and prevent fibro-adipogenic degeneration at early stages of disease. This effect is mediated by the induction of myomiRs that, in turn, target the SWI/SNF components BAF60A and B, thereby favoring the formation of BAF60C-based SWI/SNF complex, which directs the switch from the fibro-adipogenic to the myogenic lineage. Here we show direct evidence of induction of miR-206 and BAF60C, and reduction of BAF60A, in FAPs isolated from mdx muscles exposed to the HDACi Trichostatin A (TSA). We also discuss how increased expression of myomiRs in dystrophic muscles can be integrated with circulating myomiRs to provide accurate biomarkers of disease progression and response to treatment.

SUBMITTER: Giordani L 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4755242 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.4161/21675511.2014.974969

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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