Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Exome sequencing identified null mutations in LOXL3 associated with early-onset high myopia.


ABSTRACT: To identify null mutations in novel genes associated with early-onset high myopia using whole exome sequencing.Null mutations, including homozygous and compound heterozygous truncations, were selected from whole exome sequencing data for 298 probands with early-onset high myopia. These data were compared with those of 507 probands with other forms of eye diseases. Null mutations specific to early-onset high myopia were considered potential candidates. Candidate mutations were confirmed with Sanger sequencing and were subsequently evaluated in available family members and 480 healthy controls.A homozygous frameshift mutation (c.39dup; p.L14Afs*21) and a compound heterozygous frameshift mutation (c.39dup; p.L14Afs*21 and c.594delG; p.Q199Kfs*35) in LOXL3 were separately identified in two of the 298 probands with early-onset high myopia. These mutations were confirmed with Sanger sequencing and were not detected in 1,974 alleles of the controls from the same region (507 individuals with other conditions and 480 healthy control individuals). These two probands were singleton cases, and their parents had only heterozygous mutations. A homozygous missense mutation in LOXL3 was recently reported in a consanguineous family with Stickler syndrome.Our results suggest that null mutations in LOXL3 are likely associated with autosomal recessive early-onset high myopia. LOXL3 is a potential candidate gene for high myopia, but this possibility should be confirmed in additional studies. LOXL3 null mutations in human beings are not lethal, providing a phenotype contrary to that in mice.

SUBMITTER: Li J 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4764606 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6548346 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6727494 | BioStudies
2009-01-01 | S-EPMC2725240 | BioStudies
2009-01-01 | S-EPMC2775655 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5954398 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5524180 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC1735940 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC6075373 | BioStudies
2004-01-01 | S-EPMC1181997 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6925664 | BioStudies