The Association between GWAS-identified BARD1 Gene SNPs and Neuroblastoma Susceptibility in a Southern Chinese Population.
ABSTRACT: A previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) has found that some common variations in the BARD1 gene were associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility especially for high-risk subjects, and the associations have been validated in Caucasians and African-Americans. However, the associations between BARD1 gene polymorphisms and neuroblastoma susceptibility have not been studied among Asians, not to mention Chinese subjects. In the present study, we investigated the association of three BARD1 polymorphisms (rs7585356 G>A, rs6435862 T>G and rs3768716 A>G) with neuroblastoma susceptibility in 201 neuroblastoma patients and 531 controls using TaqMan methodology. Overall, none of these polymorphisms was significantly associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility. However, stratified analysis showed a more profound association between neuroblastoma risk and rs6435862 TG/GG variant genotypes among older children (adjusted OR=1.55, 95% CI=1.04-2.31), and children with adrenal gland-originated disease (adjusted OR=2.94, 95% CI=1.40-6.18), or with ISSN clinical stages III+IV disease (adjusted OR=1.75, 95% CI=1.09-2.84). Similar results were observed for the variant genotypes of rs3768716 A>G polymorphism among these three subgroups. Our results suggest that the BARD1 rs6435862 T>G and rs3768716 A>G polymorphisms may contribute to increased susceptibility to neuroblastoma, especially for the subjects at age ?12 months, with adrenal gland-originated or with late clinical stage neuroblastoma. These findings need further validation by prospective studies with larger sample size with subjects enrolled from multicenter, involving different ethnicities.
Project description:BRCA1-associated RING domain protein 1 (BARD1) is a tumor suppressor, which forms a heterodimer with BRCA1. Three BARD1 gene polymorphisms (rs7585356 G>A, rs6435862 T>G and rs3768716 A>G) were initially identified as high-risk neuroblastoma susceptibility loci by a previous GWAS. Because of the general tumor-suppressing function of BARD1, we hypothesized that these BARD1 gene polymorphisms might modify the susceptibility to nephroblastoma. We genotyped these polymorphisms in 145 cases and 531 controls using Taqman methods. Out of three polymorphisms, only the rs7585356 G>A polymorphism was significantly associated with increased susceptibility to nephroblastoma [AA vs. GG: adjusted odds ratio (OR)=1.78, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.01-3.12]. Combined analysis of three polymorphisms indicated that subjects with 3 risk genotypes exhibited significantly elevated nephroblastoma risk, when compared with subjects with 0-2 risk genotypes (adjusted OR=1.72, 95% CI=1.02-2.89). Stratified analysis revealed that in term of clinical stage, rs7585356 AA carriers were associated with increased risk of developing clinical stage I+II nephroblastoma. The presence of three risk genotypes was significantly associated with nephroblastoma risk in females and clinical stage I+II nephroblastoma. Our results suggested that BARD1 rs7585356 G>A may be associated with nephroblastoma risk.
Project description:Neuroblastoma (NB) is a sympathetic nervous system cancer for children, occupying approximately 15% of pediatric oncology deaths. BARD1, a tumor suppressor, is essential for genome stability by interaction with BRCA1. Here, we performed a systematic investigation for the association between SNPs in BARD1 and the risk of NB in Chinese population. After SNP screening in BARD1 gene, we performed case-control study of eleven selected SNPs in BARD1 with 339 NB patients and 778 cancer-free controls. The OR and 95% CI of these candidate SNPs were computed by logistic regression. After adjusted gender and age, seven out of eleven SNPs in BARD1 were significant associated with the risk of NB, including one SNP in 5'-UTR (rs17489363 G > A), two SNPs in exon (rs2229571 G > C and rs3738888 C > T), and four SNPs in intron (rs3768716 A > G, rs6435862 T > G, rs3768707 C > T and rs17487792 C > T). When stratified by the INPC, primary tumor site and the INSS, these seven SNPs were significant associated with GNB/NB, stage III/IV and adrenal origin of NB. Dual-luciferase reporter assay showed rs17489363 A allele-containing haplotypes (TAC, CAC, TAG and CAG), composed with rs34732883 T > C, and rs1129804 C > G, dramatically reduced the transcriptional activity of reporter gene. The major of our study showed that seven SNPs of BARD1 associated with increased NB risk in Chinese population, and four haplotypes could reduce transcription activity of BARD1.
Project description:Several neuroblastoma (NB) susceptibility loci have been identified within LINC00340, BARD1, LMO1, DUSP12, HSD17B12, DDX4, IL31RA, HACE1 and LIN28B by genome-wide association (GWA) studies including European American individuals. To validate and comprehensively evaluate the impact of the identified NB variants on disease risk and phenotype, we analyzed 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in an Italian population (370 cases and 809 controls). We assessed their regulatory activity on gene expression in lymphoblastoid (LCLs) and NB cell lines. We evaluated the cumulative effect of the independent loci on NB risk and high-risk phenotype development in Italian and European American (1627 cases and 2575 controls) populations. All NB susceptibility genes replicated in the Italian dataset except for DDX4 and IL31RA, and the most significant SNP was rs6435862 in BARD1 (P = 8.4 × 10(-15)). BARD1 showed an additional and independent SNP association (rs7585356). This variant influenced BARD1 mRNA expression in LCLs and NB cell lines. No evidence of epistasis among the NB-associated variants was detected, whereas a cumulative effect of risk variants on NB risk (European Americans: P (trend) = 6.9 × 10(-30), Italians: P (trend) = 8.55 × 10(13)) and development of high-risk phenotype (European Americans: P (trend) = 6.9 × 10(-13), Italians: P (trend) = 2.2 × 10(-1)) was observed in a dose-dependent manner. These results provide further evidence that the risk loci identified in GWA studies contribute to NB susceptibility in distinct populations and strengthen the role of BARD1 as major genetic contributor to NB risk. This study shows that even in the absence of interaction the combination of several low-penetrance alleles has potential to distinguish subgroups of patients at different risks of developing NB.
Project description:Background:Neuroblastoma is one of the most common extracranial solid pediatric tumors. KRAS plays an important role in regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in KRAS have been shown to modify susceptibility to multiple tumors, but no specific molecular epidemiology study was reported regarding neuroblastoma. Methods:We conducted a four-center case-control study to explore the association between KRAS gene polymorphisms (rs12587 G>T, rs7973450 A>G, rs7312175 G>A) and neuroblastoma susceptibility with 505 Chinese children and 1070 matched controls. Results:We found that rs7973450 A>G was associated with significantly increased neuroblastoma risk [GG vs. AA: adjusted odds ratio (OR)=4.26, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.28-14.19, P=0.018; GG vs. AA/AG: adjusted OR=4.27, 95% CI=1.28-14.24, P=0.018]. The stratified analysis further demonstrated that rs7973450 GG genotype carriers had a higher risk to develop neuroblastoma in the subgroups of males, tumor originated from the adrenal gland and clinical stages III+IV. Conclusions:Overall, our results suggested that rs7973450 A>G was associated with increased neuroblastoma risk.
Project description:We conducted a SNP-based genome-wide association study (GWAS) focused on the high-risk subset of neuroblastoma. As our previous unbiased GWAS showed strong association of common 6p22 SNP alleles with aggressive neuroblastoma, we restricted our analysis here to 397 high-risk cases compared to 2,043 controls. We detected new significant association of six SNPs at 2q35 within the BARD1 locus (P(allelic) = 2.35 x 10(-9)-2.25 x 10(-8)). We confirmed each SNP association in a second series of 189 high-risk cases and 1,178 controls (P(allelic) = 7.90 x 10(-7)-2.77 x 10(-4)). We also tested the two most significant SNPs (rs6435862, rs3768716) in two additional independent high-risk neuroblastoma case series, yielding combined allelic odds ratios of 1.68 each (P = 8.65 x 10(-18) and 2.74 x 10(-16), respectively). We also found significant association with known BARD1 nonsynonymous SNPs. These data show that common variation in BARD1 contributes to the etiology of the aggressive and most clinically relevant subset of human neuroblastoma.
Project description:In this case-control study, we analyzed the association between three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CASC15 gene (rs6939340 A>G, rs4712653 T>C, and rs9295536 C>A) and neuroblastoma susceptibility in the Guangdong and Henan populations of China. We genotyped and analyzed 118 cases and 281 control subjects from Henan province and combined them with previously published data from the Guangdong population. In the Henan population, only the rs6939340 G>A variant homozygote AA was associated with decreased neuroblastoma risk [AA vs. GG: adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.47, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.23-0.98; P=0.045]. All three polymorphisms, individually and in combination, were associated with decreased neuroblastoma susceptibility in the Guangdong population. Moreover, subjects carrying 1-3 of these protective genotypes had lower neuroblastoma susceptibility than non-carriers (adjusted OR=0.65, 95% CI=0.51-0.84, P=0.0007). These results show that all three genetic variants of CASC15 identified in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) decrease neuroblastoma risk in two distinct Chinese populations.
Project description:The mechanisms underlying genetic susceptibility at loci discovered by genome-wide association study (GWAS) approaches in human cancer remain largely undefined. In this study, we characterized the high-risk neuroblastoma association at the BRCA1-related locus, BARD1, showing that disease-associated variations correlate with increased expression of the oncogenically activated isoform, BARD1?. In neuroblastoma cells, silencing of BARD1? showed genotype-specific cytotoxic effects, including decreased substrate-adherence, anchorage-independence, and foci growth. In established murine fibroblasts, overexpression of BARD1? was sufficient for neoplastic transformation. BARD1? stabilized the Aurora family of kinases in neuroblastoma cells, suggesting both a mechanism for the observed effect and a potential therapeutic strategy. Together, our findings identify BARD1? as an oncogenic driver of high-risk neuroblastoma tumorigenesis, and more generally, they illustrate how robust GWAS signals offer genomic landmarks to identify molecular mechanisms involved in both tumor initiation and malignant progression. The interaction of BARD1? with the Aurora family of kinases lends strong support to the ongoing work to develop Aurora kinase inhibitors for clinically aggressive neuroblastoma.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is a lethal tumor that commonly occurs in children. Polymorphisms in XPD reportedly influence risk for several types of cancer, though their roles in neuroblastoma remain unclear. Here we endeavored to determine the relevance of XPD gene polymorphisms and neuroblastoma susceptibility in Chinese children genotyping three XPD polymorphisms (rs3810366, rs13181 and rs238406) in 505 cases and 1070 controls and assessing their contributions to neuroblastoma risk. Overall, we detected no significant association between any single XPD genotype and neuroblastoma risk. When risk genotypes were combined, however, we found that patients with 2-3 risk genotypes were more likely to develop neuroblastoma (adjusted odds ratio =1.31; 95% confidence interval =1.06-1.62, P=0.013) than those with 0-1 risk genotypes. Stratification analysis of rs3810366 revealed significant relationships between the subgroups age ?18 months and clinical stage I+II+4s and neuroblastoma risk. Moreover, the presence of 2-3 risk genotypes was significantly associated with increased neuroblastoma risk in the subgroups age ?18 months, male, tumor originated from others, and clinical stage I+II+4s. Our findings provide novel insight into the genetic underpinnings of neuroblastoma and demonstrate that XPD polymorphisms may have a cumulative effect on neuroblastoma risk.
Project description:A previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified common variation at the BARD1 locus as being highly associated with susceptibility to high-risk neuroblastoma, but the mechanisms underlying this association have been not extensively investigated. Here, we performed a fine mapping analysis of BARD1 locus (2q35) using GWAS data from 556 high-risk neuroblastoma patients and 2,575 controls of European-American ancestry, and identified two independent genome-wide neuroblastoma-associated loci. Functional single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) prioritization identified two causative variants that independently contributed to neuroblastoma risk, and each replicated robustly in multiple independent cohorts comprising 445 high-risk cases and 3,170 controls (rs17489363: combined p = 1.07 × 10-31 , OR:1.79, 95% CI:1.62-1.98 and rs1048108: combined p = 7.27 × 10-14 , OR:0.65, 95% CI:0.58-0.73). Particularly, the T risk allele of rs17489363 in the canonical promoter region of full-length BARD1 altered binding site of the transcription factor HSF1 and correlated with low expression of full-length BARD1 mRNA and protein. Low-level expression of full-length BARD1 associated with advanced neuroblastoma. In human neuroblastoma cells, attenuating full-length BARD1 increased proliferation and invasion capacity. In conclusion, we have identified two potentially causative SNPs at the BARD1 locus associated with predisposition to high-risk neuroblastoma, and have shown that full-length BARD1 may act as tumor suppressor.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is one of the most commonly diagnosed extracranial solid tumors in infancy; however, the etiology of neuroblastoma remains largely unknown. Previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) indicated that several common genetic variations (rs110419 A > G, rs4758051 G > A, rs10840002 A > G and rs204938 A > G) in the LIM domain only 1 (LMO1) gene were associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the four GWAS-identified LMO1 gene polymorphisms and neuroblastoma risk in a Southern Chinese population. We genotyped the four polymorphisms in 256 neuroblastoma cases and 531 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate the strength of the associations. False-positive report probability was calculated for all significant findings. We found that the rs110419 A > G polymorphism was associated with a significantly decreased neuroblastoma risk (AG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.47-0.91; GG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.36-0.91; AG/GG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.46-0.86), and the protective effect was more predominant in children of age > 18 months, males, subgroups with tumor in adrenal gland and mediastinum, and patients in clinical stages III/IV. These results suggested that LMO1 gene rs110419 A > G polymorphism may contribute to protection against neuroblastoma. Our findings call for further validation studies with larger sample size.