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UTX inhibits EMT-induced breast CSC properties by epigenetic repression of EMT genes in cooperation with LSD1 and HDAC1.


ABSTRACT: The histone H3K27 demethylase, UTX, is a known component of the H3K4 methyltransferase MLL complex, but its functional association with H3K4 methylation in human cancers remains largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that UTX loss induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-mediated breast cancer stem cell (CSC) properties by increasing the expression of the SNAIL, ZEB1 and ZEB2 EMT transcription factors (EMT-TFs) and of the transcriptional repressor CDH1. UTX facilitates the epigenetic silencing of EMT-TFs by inducing competition between MLL4 and the H3K4 demethylase LSD1. EMT-TF promoters are occupied by c-Myc and MLL4, and UTX recognizes these proteins, interrupting their transcriptional activation function. UTX decreases H3K4me2 and H3 acetylation at these promoters by forming a transcriptional repressive complex with LSD1, HDAC1 and DNMT1. Taken together, our findings indicate that UTX is a prominent tumour suppressor that functions as a negative regulator of EMT-induced CSC-like properties by epigenetically repressing EMT-TFs.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4766458 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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