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Prognostic importance of CDK4/6-specific activity as a predictive marker for recurrence in patients with endometrial cancer, with or without adjuvant chemotherapy.

ABSTRACT: Pathologically low-risk endometrial cancer patients do not receive postoperative treatment; however, 10-15% of these patients show recurrence with poor prognosis. We evaluated the clinical importance of cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) activity, and its significance as a novel biomarker for the prognosis and chemo-sensitivity of endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC).Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 expression and enzyme activity in 109 tumour samples from patients with EEC were examined with a cell-cycle profiling (C2P) assay. CDK4/6-specific activity (CDK4/6SA) was determined, and its relationship with clinicopathological factors and expression of Ki-67 was analysed.CDK4/6-specific activity was significantly correlated with Ki-67 (P=0.035), but not with any other clinicopathological characteristics. CDK4/6SA was significantly higher (P=0.002) in pathologically low-risk patients (not receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, n=74) than in intermediate- or high-risk patients (receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, n=35). In addition, patients with high CDK4/6SA (>3.0) showed significantly (P=0.024) shorter progression-free survival (PFS) than those with low CDK4/6SA (<3.0). Although Ki-67 expression itself was not a marker for prognosis, the combination of high CDK4/6SA and high Ki-67 expression (>15%) was robustly associated with shorter PFS (P=0.015), and this combination was an independent poor prognostic factor in the low-risk group. Inversely, in the intermediate-/high-risk group, patients with high CDK4/6SA had a tendency of a more favourable prognosis compared with patients with low CDK4/6SA (P=0.063).CDK4/6-specific activity can be used as a biomarker to predict prognosis and, possibly, chemo-sensitivity. The combination of Ki-67 expression might strengthen the clinical usefulness of CDK4/6SA as a biomarker.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4815892 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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