Association between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and leukemia risk: a meta-analysis of 14 case-control studies.
ABSTRACT: The relationship between the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism (rs1042522) and the risk of leukemia remains controversial. Consequently, we performed a meta-analysis to accurately evaluate the association between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and leukemia risk. A comprehensive search was conducted to find all eligible studies of TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and leukemia risk. Fourteen case-control studies, with 2,506 cases and 4,386 controls, were selected for analysis. The overall data failed to indicate a significant association between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and the risk of leukemia (C vs. G: OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 0.93-1.26; CC vs. GC + GG: OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 0.96-1.57). In a subgroup analysis of clinical types, an increased risk was observed in the acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) subgroup (CC vs. GC + GG: OR = 1.73; 95% CI = 1.07-2.81) but not in the acute myeloid leukemia (AML) subgroup. In the subgroup analysis, no significant associations with ethnicity and the source of the controls were observed. In conclusion, the results suggest that there is no association between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and the risk of leukemia, but the CC genotype may increase the risk of ALL TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism CC genotype may increase the risk of ALL but is not associated with AML. Further large-scale, well-designed studies are needed to confirm our results.
Project description:Several previous studies evaluated the association between the Arg72Pro (rs1042522) polymorphism in the TP53 tumor suppressor gene and colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the results are conflicting. This meta-analysis aimed to shed new light on the precise association between TP53 variants and CRC. We analyzed 32 published case-control studies involving 8,586 cases and 10,275 controls using crude odd ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The meta-analysis was performed using a fixed-effect or random-effects model, as appropriate. We found that the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism was not significantly associated with CRC risk in the overall population. However, subgroup analysis based on ethnicity revealed an increased risk of CRC among Asians (CC vs. GC+GG: OR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.02-1.45), and similar results were found for rectal cancer (CC vs. GC+GG: OR=1.34, 95% CI: 1.120-1.62). These results suggest that the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism CC genotype may contribute to an increased risk of CRC, especially for rectal cancer and among Asians.
Project description:TP53 is a tumor suppressor gene that regulates cell growth, apoptosis and DNA repair. Previous studies have reported the contribution of TP53 Arg72Pro (rs1042522 C>G) polymorphism to pathogenesis of multiple tumors. Hence, we evaluated the association between this polymorphism and neuroblastoma susceptibility in eastern Chinese children. The Taqman genotyping assay was performed in 373 patients and 762 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of the association. No significant association was found between the TP53 gene rs1042522 C>G polymorphism and neuroblastoma susceptibility in the overall analysis (CG vs. CC: adjusted OR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.70-1.22, P=0.567; GG vs. CC: adjusted OR = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.69-1.42, P=0.947; CG/GG vs. CC: adjusted OR = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.72-1.23, P=0.639; or GG vs. CC/CG: adjusted OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 0.75-1.43, P=0.814) and stratified analysis by age, gender, sites of origin, and clinical stages. The TP53 gene rs1042522 C>G polymorphism may not be a risk factor for neuroblastoma in eastern Chinese children. Future studies are needed to confirm this negative result and to reveal additional functional TP53 variants predisposing to neuroblastoma.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is a pediatric malignancy arising from the developing peripheral nervous system. p53 and downstream effector miR-34b/c have critical tumor suppressing functions. TP53 Arg72Pro (rs1042522 C?>?G) and miR-34b/c rs4938723 (T?>?C) polymorphisms have been known to modify cancer susceptibility. This study was performed to validate the association of these two polymorphisms and neuroblastoma risk with 819 cases and 1780 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of the associations. False positive report possibility analysis was adopted to dissect out real significant associations from chance findings. We found that both TP53 Arg72Pro (CG/GG vs. CC: adjusted OR?=?0.82, 95% CI?=?0.69-0.98) and miR-34b/c rs4938723 (TC/CC vs. TT: adjusted OR?=?0.64, 95% CI?=?0.54-0.75) were associated with decreased neuroblastoma susceptibility. Stratify analyses further confirmed the protective effect among some subgroups. Moreover, subjects with variant alleles of both polymorphisms were associated with more significantly decreased neuroblastoma risk (CG/TC vs. CC/TT: adjusted OR?=?0.38, 95% CI?=?0.28-0.50; GG/TC vs. CC/TT: adjusted OR?=?0.43, 95% CI?=?0.30-0.63) than those carrying variant allele of either one polymorphism (CC/TC vs. CC/TT: adjusted OR?=?0.51, 95% CI?=?0.37-0.69; CG/TT vs. CC/TT: adjusted OR?=?0.71, 95% CI?=?0.55-0.92), suggesting cumulative effects of the polymorphisms. False positive report possibility analysis further verified that our findings are noteworthy. Overall, we confirmed that miR-34b/c rs4938723 and TP53 Arg72Pro conferred decreased neuroblastoma risk and two polymorphisms exerted stronger protective effects against neuroblastoma than either one alone.
Project description:Growing evidence indicates that p53 can regulate the expression of miRNAs, particularly the miR-34 family members, which are described as potential tumor suppressors. Loss of miR-34 suppresses TP53-mediated cell death, whereas over expression of miR-34 induced apoptosis. The study designed to investigate the association between the pir-miR-34b/c rs4938723, TP53 Arg72Pro and the risk of glioma. We genotyped the two polymorphisms in175 glioma patients and 235 healthy controls using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and DNA sequencing assay. Association analysis showed that the CC genotype of the pir-miR-34b/c rs4938723 was associated with a significantly decreased risk of glioma compared to the TT genotype (CC vs. TT: adjusted OR = 0.43;95% CI, 0.21-0.87,P = 0.02). Moreover, a significant association between the patients with glioma and controls was also observed in a recessive model (OR = 0.41; 95% CI, 0.21-0.81, P = 0.007). In contrast, the CC genotype of the TP53 Arg72Pro was associated with a significantly increased risk of glioma compared to the GG genotype (CC vs. GG: adjusted OR = 1.73;95% CI, 1.04-2.89,P = 0.04), and a significant association between the patients with glioma and controls was also observed in a recessive model (OR = 2.00; 95% CI, 1.26-3.18, P = 0.003). These findings suggest that the pri-miR-34b/c rs4938723CC and TP53 Arg72-Pro polymorphisms may be associated with the risk of glioma.
Project description:Several lines of evidence indicate that inflammatory processes play a key role in the happening and development of intracranial aneurysm (IA). Recently, polymorphisms in the TP53 gene were shown to be associated with inflammation and inflammatory disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the interactions of miR-34b/c and TP53 Arg72-Pro polymorphisms on the risk of IA in a Chinese population. A total of 590 individuals (including 164 patients with IA and 426 controls) were involved in this study. The polymorphisms (i.e., miR-34b/c rs4938723 and TP53 Arg72-Pro) were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay and DNA sequencing. We found that the CC genotype of miR-34b/c rs4938723 was significantly associated with a decreased risk of IA compared with the TT genotype. Moreover, a significant gene interaction of the carriers with the combined genotypes of miR-34b/c rs4938723CC and TP53 Arg72Pro CG/CC/GG had a decreased risk of IA, compared with those carrying miR-34b/c rs4938723CT/TT+TP53 Arg72Pro GG/CG/CC combined genotypes. These findings suggest that the miR-34b/c rs4938723CC and TP53 Arg72-Pro polymorphisms may be involved in the susceptibility to IA.
Project description:Wilms' tumor is one of the most prevalent pediatric malignancies, ranking fourth in childhood cancer worldwide. TP53 is a critical tumor suppressor gene, which encodes a 53 kDa protein, p53. The p53 functions to protect against cancer by regulating cell cycle and apoptosis and maintaining DNA integrity. TP53 gene is highly polymorphic. Several TP53 gene polymorphisms have been considered to be associated with cancer risk. Of them, a nonsynonymous polymorphism, Arg72Pro (rs1042522 C>G), has been most extensively studied for the association with cancer risk; however, few studies have investigated its effect on Wilms' tumor. Because of the central role of p53 in cell cycle control, the TP53 gene Arg72Pro polymorphism is also a good potential candidate predisposition locus for this pediatric cancer. We genotyped this polymorphism in 145 patients and 531 cancer-free controls recruited from Chinese children by Taqman methodology. Overall, our result suggested a lack of association between the TP53 gene Arg72Pro polymorphism and Wilms' tumor. In the stratified analysis, we found that carriers of CG/GG genotypes had a significantly increased Wilms' tumor risk in children not older than 18 months (adjusted odds ratio =2.04, 95% confidence interval =1.003-4.13, P=0.049) compared with CC genotype carriers. Our study indicated that the TP53 gene Arg72Pro polymorphism may have a weak, age-related effect on Wilms' tumor risk in Chinese children. These findings need further validations in other populations with larger sample size.
Project description:Tumor suppressor p53 directly regulated the abundance of the miR-34b/c. The interaction might contribute to certain cancer. We hypothesized that rs4938723 in the promoter region of pri-miR-34b/c and TP-53 Arg72Pro may be related to the risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). A total of 784 patients with PTC and 1006 healthy controls were recruited to participate in this study. The variants were discriminated using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method (PCR-RFLP). Additionally, the relative expression levels of miR-34b/c and TP-53 in 44 paired samples were revealed by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). A significantly increased risk of PTC was observed in the miR-34b/c rs4938723 CT, CC, and CT/CC genotypes compared with the TT genotype (CT vs TT: adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.51, 95%confidence interval [CI] = 1.23-1.85; CC vs TT: adjusted OR = 1.89, 95%CI = 1.39-2.63; CT/CC vs TT: adjusted OR = 1.59, 95%CI = 1.30-1.92, respectively). Significantly increased PTC susceptibility was also associated with the TP-53 Arg72Pro CC and CG/CC genotypes compared with the GG genotype (CC vs GG: adjusted OR = 2.04, 95%CI = 1.54-2.70; CG/CC vs GG: adjusted OR = 1.35, 95%CI = 1.11-1.67, respectively). Stratification analysis revealed that patients carrying the TP-53 Arg72Pro C allele and CC genotype had a significantly increased risk for developing N1 (C vs. G: OR = 1.27, 95%CI = 1.03-1.56; CC vs. GG: OR = 1.62, 95%CI = 1.07-2.46, respectively). Combined analysis showed that the genotypes of rs4938723 CT/CC + TP-53CG/CC increased the risk of PTC compared with rs4938723TT + TP-53GG (OR = 2.25, 95%CI = 1.67-3.03). Additionally, level of miR-34b was significantly upregulated in PTC patients.These findings indicate that the miR-34b/c rs4938723 and TP-53 Arg72Pro polymorphisms may contribute to the susceptibility of PTC.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that CYP1A1 MspI polymorphism might be a possible risk factor for several malignancies. A growing body of literature has been devoted to the association of CYP1A1 MspI polymorphism with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the results remain conflicting. The aim of the present study was to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship. METHODS: Meta-analyses assessing the association of CYP1A1 MspI variation with AML were conducted and subgroup analyses on ethnicity and age groups were further performed. Eligible studies were identified for the period up to May 2012. RESULTS: A total of ten case-control studies including 1330 cases and 3688 controls were selected for analysis. The overall data failed to indicate a significant association of CYP1A1 MspI polymorphism with AML risk (C vs T: OR?=?1.13; 95%CI?=?0.87-1.48; CC vs TT: OR?=?1.72; 95%CI?=?0.99-3.01; CC?+?TC vs TT: OR?=?1.16; 95%CI?=?0.86-1.55). In subgroup analysis stratified by ethnicity, significant AML risk was shown among Asians (CC?+?TC vs TT: OR?=?1.33; 95%CI?=?1.09-1.62) but not Caucasians or mixed races. In subgroup analysis regarding age groups, no associations were observed in either the childhood AML or the adult AML subgroups. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study suggested that CYP1A1 MspI polymorphism might be a risk factor for AML among Asians. Further investigations are needed to confirm the conclusions.
Project description:BACKGROUND:There are different and inconsistent conclusions regarding the genetic relationship between the human tumor suppressor p53 (TP53) rs1042522 polymorphism and the risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral leukoplakia (OL). Therefore, the aim of the study was to comprehensively reassess this association through the performance of an updated meta-analysis. METHODS:After searching the available databases, we systematically screened and included the eligible case-control studies, which contain the full genotype frequency data of the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism for both OSCC/OL patients and the negative control groups. PA (P-value of the association test) and ORs (odd ratios) with their corresponding 95% CIs (confidence intervals) were calculated to quantitatively evaluate the influence of TP53 rs1042522 on the susceptibility of patients to OSCC or OL. RESULTS:In total, twenty eligible case-control articles were finally enrolled. Compared with the controls, no increased or decreased risk of OSCC was observed in the cases for six genetic models including allele C vs. G (PA?=?0.741), carrier C vs. G (PA?=?0.853), homozygote CC vs. GG (PA?=?0.085), heterozygote GC vs. GG (PA?=?0.882), dominant GC?+?CC vs. GG (PA?=?0.969), and recessive CC vs. GG?+?GC (PA?=?0.980). Furthermore, no statistically significant difference between the cases and controls was detected in most subgroup meta-analyses (PA?>?0.05). For the risk of OL, we did not observe the difference between the cases and controls for most genetic models in the overall meta-analysis and subsequent subgroup analysis (PA?>?0.05). Begg's test and Egger's test excluded the large risk of publication bias within the included studies in the meta-analysis of OSCC. The sensitivity analysis indicated the above relatively stable results. CONCLUSIONS:Our updated meta-analysis (based on the current evidence) shows that TP53 rs1042522 may not confer susceptibility to OSCC. In addition, for the first time, we provided evidence regarding the negative association between TP53 rs1042522 and OL risk.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:The proposal of the present study was to investigate whether the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism confers susceptibility to prostate cancer (PCa), by performing an updated meta-analysis. METHODS:Eligible publications investigating the association between the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism and PCa susceptibility were selected from PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Science. We used STATA 12.0 software to conduct the analyses. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated. RESULTS:A total of 17 case-control studies were retrieved reporting a total of 2683 cases and 2981 controls. However, no significant association was uncovered between the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism and PCa susceptibility in the overall population under the five genetic models. In the stratification analysis by source of control, an increased susceptibility to PCa was identified in the population-based (P-B) group (CG vs. GG: OR = 1.48, 95% CI: 1.24-1.77, P < 0.01; CC/CG vs. GG: OR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.12-1.57, P < 0.01), whereas a decreased susceptibility was uncovered in the hospital-based (H-B) group (CG vs. GG: OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.46-0.96, P = 0.03; CC/CG vs. GG: OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.46-0.99, P = 0.04) under heterozygous and dominant model. CONCLUSION:This study did not find an association between the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism and PCa susceptibility in the overall population and corresponding subgroup analyses except in the stratification analysis by source of control. The results suggest that the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism is not a risk factor for PCa.