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Protein phosphatase 2A-B55? enhances chemotherapy sensitivity of human hepatocellular carcinoma under the regulation of microRNA-133b.

ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a major public health problem worldwide. The identification of effective chemotherapeutic targets for advanced HCC patients is urgently required. In this study, we investigated the role of protein phosphatase 2A-B55? subunit (PP2A-B55?, encoded by the PPP2R2D gene) and related mechanisms affecting chemotherapy sensitivity of HCC.Experimental approaches for measuring the levels of PPP2R2D mRNA and B55? protein in HCC included bioinformatics analyses, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting (WB), immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry assays. Cell cycle, migration, colony formation, apoptosis, and cell proliferation assays in stable PPP2R2D-knockdown and -overexpression cell lines in vitro, and tumorigenicity assays in vivo, were performed to explore the function of B55? in cisplatin (cDDP) chemotherapy of HCC. Bioinformatics prediction, luciferase reporter assays, qRT-PCR, WB, and cell cycle analyses were used to reveal the regulatory relationship between microRNA-133b (miR-133b) and PPP2R2D expression. miR-133b mimic and inhibitor were used to elucidate the regulatory mechanism.Our studies showed that PPP2R2D expression was down-regulated in both HCC tumors and HCC cell lines. Treatment with cDDP increased the amount of B55? protein. Artificially increasing the expression of B55? counteracted cyclin-dependent kinase 1 activation, modulated transitions of the cell cycle, and increased the suppressive effect of cDDP on cell migration, colony formation, apoptosis, and proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo, thus enhancing therapeutic efficiency. In contrast, knockdown of B55? partially inhibited the effect of cDDP chemotherapy. miR-133b was shown to regulate PPP2R2D expression by binding to the 3'-untranslated region of PPP2R2D mRNA. The miR-133b/PPP2R2D signaling pathway affects the effectiveness of cDDP chemotherapy.PP2A-B55?, regulated by miR-133b, enhances the sensitivity of HCC to cDDP chemotherapy. Our data indicate that PP2A-B55? might be a novel and attractive target for increasing chemotherapy sensitivity of HCC.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4831140 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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