The association between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine polymorphisms and periventricular leukomalacia in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a frequent consequence of hypoxic-ischemic injury. Functional cytokine gene variants that result in altered production of inflammatory (tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-?] and interleukin-1beta [IL-1?]) or anti-inflammatory (interleukin-10 [IL-10]) cytokines may modify disease processes, including PVL. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is a relationship between the two proinflammatory polymorphisms (TNF-?-1031T/C and IL-1?-511C/T) and the anti-inflammatory polymorphism IL-10-1082G/A and PVL risk in Brazilian newborns with and without this injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A cross-sectional case-control study performed at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Children's Hospital and Maternity of the São José do Rio Preto Medical School (FAMERP). Fifty preterm and term newborns were examined as index cases and 50 term newborns as controls, of both sexes for both groups. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes, and the sites that encompassed the three polymorphisms were amplified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS:Gestational age ranged from 25 to 39 weeks, in the case group, and in the control group it ranged from 38 to 42.5 weeks (P<0.0001). Statistically significant association was found between TNF-?-1031T/C high expression genotype TC (odds ratio [OR], 2.495; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-5.63; P=0.043) as well as between genotypes (TC + CC) (OR, 2.471; 95% CI, 1.10-5.55; P=0.044) and risk of PVL. Statistically significant association was found between IL-1?-511C/T high expression genotypes (CT + TT) (OR, 23.120; 95% CI, 1.31-409.4; P=0.003) and risk of PVL. Statistically significant association between IL-10-1082G/A high expression genotype GG (OR, 0.07407; 95% CI, 0.02-0.34; P<0.0001) as well as between IL-10-1082G high expression allele (OR, 0.5098; 95% CI, 0.29-0.91; P=0,030) and PVL reduced risk was observed. There was a statistically significant association between TC/CT/GA genotype combination and the risk of PVL (OR, 6.469; 95% CI, 2.00-20.92; P=0.001). CONCLUSION:There is evidence of an association between the polymorphisms TNF-?-1031T/C, IL-1?-511C/T, and IL-10-1082G/A and PVL risk in this Brazilian newborn population studied.
Project description:AIM:To investigate whether the pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms, IL1B-511C/T, IL1B-31C/T, IL6-634C/G, TNF-1031T/C, TNF-857C/T, and IL10-1082A/G, interact with smoking and drinking habits to influence infection with H pylori. METHODS:The subjects were 410 Japanese transit company employees. C-reactive protein and conventional cardiovascular risk factors were evaluated. Serum anti-H pylori antibodies were measured. The genotypes of IL1B-511C/T, IL1B-31C/T, IL6-634C/G, TNF-1031T/C, TNF-857C/T, and IL10-1082A/G polymorphisms were determined by allelic discrimination using fluorogenic probes and a 5' nuclease assay. RESULTS:In gender- and age-adjusted logistic analyses, the subjects with TNF-857T/T had a significantly lower odds ratio (OR) for H pylori seropositivity (reference -857C/C; OR = 0.15, 95% CI: 0.03-0.59, P = 0.007). After stratification according to smoking and drinking status, among never-smokers, the subjects with IL1B-511C/T had a significantly lower OR (reference -511C/C; OR = 0.30, 95% CI: 0.10-0.90, P = 0.032). Among drinkers in the 1-5 times/wk category, the subjects with IL1B-511T/T had a significantly lower OR (reference C/C; OR = 0.38, 95% CI: 0.16-0.95, P = 0.039), and the subjects with IL1B-31C/T and T/T had a significantly higher OR (reference C/C; C/T: OR = 2.59, 95% CI, P = 0.042: 1.04-6.47; C/C: OR = 3.17, 95% CI: 1.23-8.14, P = 0.017). Among current smokers, the subjects with IL6-634C/G had a significantly higher OR (reference C/C; OR = 2.28, 95% CI: 1.13-4.58, P = 0.021). However, the interactions terms between the aforementioned genotypes and lifestyles were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION:Contrary to previous findings, the results herein suggest that the TNF-857T/T genotype may be protective against chronic infection with H pylori. Drinking and smoking habits may influence the effect of cytokine gene polymorphisms. Further studies are required to clarify the effects of the pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine polymorphisms and gene-environmental interactions on H pylori infection.
Project description:Previous studies have yielded controversial results related to the contribution of interleukin 10 (IL-10) gene polymorphisms (IL-10 -592C/A, IL-10 -1082G/A, and IL-10 -819C/T) in the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to summarize this situation.Eligible studies were retrieved by searching PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library with the last search up to July 7, 2015. Data were pooled by odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). False-positive report probability (FPRP) analysis was conducted for all significant findings. Genotype-based mRNA expression analysis was also performed using data from 270 individuals with different ethnicities.Finally, 19 studies for IL-10 -592C/A polymorphism (7284 cases and 7469 controls), 21 studies for IL-10 -1082G/A polymorphism (8263 cases and 5765 controls), and 12 studies for IL-10 -819C/T polymorphism (4502 cases and 3190 controls) were included in the meta-analyses. With respect to IL-10 -819C/T polymorphism, statistically significant decreased CVD risk was found when all studies were pooled into the meta-analysis (T vs C: OR?=?0.91, 95% CI?=?0.84-0.98; TT?+?TC vs CC: OR?=?0.90, 95% CI?=?0.81-1.00). Subgroup analyses stratified by disease subtype suggested the -819C/T polymorphism was significantly associated with a decreased CAD risk (T vs C: OR?=?0.90, 95% CI?=?0.83-0.97; TT vs CC: OR?=?0.81, 95% CI?=?0.66-1.00; TT vs TC?+?CC: OR?=?0.82, 95% CI?=?0.69-0.98; TT?+?TC vs CC: OR?=?0.89, 95% CI?=?0.80-0.99), which was noteworthy finding as evaluated by FPRP. However, with regard to IL-10 -592C/A and IL-10 -1082G/A polymorphisms, no significant association with CVD risk was observed in the overall and subgroup analyses.In conventional meta-analyses, the results suggested that IL-10 -819C/T polymorphism was associated with decreased risk of CVD, especially CAD outcome, whereas IL-10 -592C/A and IL-10 -1082G/A polymorphisms might have no influence on the susceptibility of CVD. However, trial sequential analysis does not allow us to draw any solid conclusion for the association between IL-10 -592C/A or IL-10 -1082G/A polymorphism and CVD risk. Further large and well-designed studies are still needed.
Project description:Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is a common pregnancy-associated complication of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) which is an endocrine malfunction disease. Patients with PCOS may have several underlying contributing and interrelated factors, which have been reported in women with RSA. The incidence rate between PCOS and RSA remains uncertain. The aim of this study is to determine the possible association of IL-1?-511C/T, IL-6-174G/C, TNF-?-1031T/C, and TGF?1-509T/C with RSA patients with or without PCOS. A total of 140 RSA patients, 70 of which were PCOS patients, and 140 healthy females with no history of RSA or PCOS were included in this study. PCR amplification, genotyping, and sequence analysis were employed to investigate the presence of the polymorphisms. The genotypic and allelic frequencies were calculated separately for each subject. Out of the four studied polymorphisms, the IL-1?-511C/T genotype in RSA without PCOS patients (12.7%) was significantly different compared with that in control subjects (p = 0.047). For IL-6-174C/G, there was a tendency towards more CC carriers among RSA with PCOS patients (10%) than in controls (3%). The GG genotype in RSA women with PCOS (60%) was significantly different compared with that in control subjects (p = 0.033), and the GC genotype in RSA with PCOS patients (30%) showed a marginal significant difference compared with that in control subjects (p = 0.050). Significant difference was identified in the allelic frequencies in RSA patients with PCOS compared to controls (p = 0.025). IL-6-174G/C and TNF-?-1031T/C polymorphisms are significantly associated with RSA patients in Saudi patients with PCOS, while the IL-1?-511C/T polymorphism is significantly associated with RSA patients without PCOS.
Project description:The associations between TNF-? and Interleukin gene polymorphisms and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) risk have been studied in numerous epidemiological studies, but the results remain controversial. To investigate whether these polymorphisms facilitate susceptibility to PCOS, we conducted a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis.PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Medline, CNKI, and Google Scholar were searched to obtain the genetic association studies according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were used to assess the strengths of the associations. Funnel plots and Egger's tests were performed to test for possible publication bias. All statistical analyses were performed using Review Manager 5.2 and STATA11.0.Eighteen articles were included in the final meta-analysis. The studies involved the following polymorphisms: TNF-? -308G?>?A, TNF-? -805C>T, TNF-? -1031 T>C, IL-1A -889C>T, IL-1B -511C>T, IL-1B +3953 T>C, IL-6 -174G>C, IL-10 -819C>T, IL-10 -1082A>G, IL-18 -607C>A, and IL-18 -137G>C. Our results show a significant association between PCOS risk and the TNF-? -1031 T>C polymorphism (For TC+CC vs. TT: OR=2.09, 95 % CI=1.58-2.76, p<0.0001. For C allele vs. T allele: OR=1.67, 95 % CI=1.33-2.09, p<0.0001) and between PCOS risk and the IL-6 -174>C polymorphism (For CC+GC vs. GG: OR=0.49, 95 % CI=0.25-0.95, p=0.03. For CC vs. GG: OR=0.48, 95 % CI=0.28-0.80, p=0.005. For C vs. G: OR=0.60, 95 % CI=0.42-0.87, p=0.007). No associations were found with the other genetic models.The results of the meta-analysis suggest positive associations between the TNF-? -1031 T>C and IL-6 -174G>C polymorphisms and the risk of PCOS. No associations are found between PCOS risk and the TNF-? -308G>A, TNF-? -805C>T, IL-1A -889C>T, IL-1B -511C>T, IL-1B +3953C>T, IL-10 -819C>T, IL-10 -1082 A>G, IL-18 -607C>A, and IL-18 -137G>C polymorphisms. However, due to the heterogeneity and low quality of the studies related to PCOS polymorphisms in the meta-analysis, the results should be interpreted with caution. Future multi-ethnicity studies of homogeneous populations of PCOS patients with larger sample sizes and well-matched controls are needed.
Project description:Interleukins are a group of immunomodulatory proteins that mediate a variety of immune reactions in the human body. To investigate the association between interleukin gene polymorphisms and recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), we reviewed 21 studies from MEDLINE, EMBASE, OVID SP and PubMed to evaluate RPL-related interleukin gene polymorphisms. Meta-analysis was performed on 12 of the polymorphisms, and a review included the others. Our integrated results indicated that IL-1? (-511C/T) (P = 0.02, 95% CI 0.77[0.62,0.96]), IL-6 (-634C/G) (P<0.001, 95% CI 2.91[2.01,4.22]), IL-10 (-1082G/A, -819T/C) (P = 0.01, 95% CI 0.80[0.67,0.96]; P<0.01, 95% CI 0.66[0.49,0.89]), and IL-18 (-137G/C, -105G/A) (P<0.01, 95% CI 1.69[1.24,2.31]; P = <0.01, 95% CI 1.41[1.17,1.70]) consistently associated with RPL after meta-analysis. IL-17A rs2275913 and IL-17F rs763780, IL-21 rs2055979 and rs13143866, IL-1? (-31C/T), IL-6 (-2954G/C), and IL-10 (-536A/G) were reported only once as having a significant association with RPL. The potential mechanism underlying miscarriage and these polymorphisms and future research directions are also discussed.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Hyperlipidemia is a common adverse effect of sirolimus (SRL). We previously showed significant associations of ABCB1 3435C>T and IL-10 -1082G>A with log-transformed SRL dose-adjusted weighted-normalized trough. We further examined to see whether these polymorphisms were also associated with SRL-induced dyslipidemia. METHODS:Genotyping was performed for ABCB1 1236C>T, 2677 G>T/A, and 3435C>T; CYP3A4 -392A>G; CYP3A5 6986A>G and 14690G>A; IL-10 -1082G>A; TNF -308G>A; and ApoE ?2, ?3, and ?4 alleles. The longitudinal changes of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride (TG) levels after SRL treatment before statin therapy were analyzed by a linear mixed-effects model, with adjustments for selected covariates for each lipid. RESULTS:Under the dominant genetic model, ABCB1 3435C>T was associated with TC (P=0.0001) and LDL-C (P<0.0001) values after SRL administration. Mean TC and LDL-C levels were 26.9 and 24.9 mg/dL higher, respectively, in ABCB1 3435T carriers than 3435CC homozygotes at an average SRL trough concentration of 4 ng/mL without concomitant medication. ABCB1 1236C>T under the recessive model and IL-10 -1082G>A under the dominant model were associated with log-transformed TG values (P=0.0051 and 0.0436, respectively). Mean TG value was 25.1% higher in ABCB1 1236TT homozygotes compared with ABCB1 1236C carriers and was 12.4% higher in IL-10 -1082AA homozygotes than -1082G carriers. CONCLUSIONS:ABCB1 polymorphisms were found to be associated with lipid responses to SRL treatment, confirming the role of ABCB1 gene in SRL pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Further studies are necessary to define the role of ABCB1 and IL-10 polymorphisms on SRL-induced dyslipidemia in renal transplantation.
Project description:BACKGROUND: The association between proinflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms and gastric diseases related to Helicobacter pylori varies by population and geographic area.Our objective was to determine if the IL-1B -511 T>C and -31 C>T polymorphisms and H. pylori vacA genotypes are associated with risk of chronic gastritis and gastric ulcer in a Mexican population. METHODS: We conducted endoscopic studies in 128 patients with symptoms of dyspepsia. We took two biopsies from the body, antrum, or ulcer edge from each patient, and classified our histopathological findings according to the Sydney System. H. pylori infection and vacA genotyping were accomplished via PCR from total DNA of the gastric biopsies. We confirmed the presence of anti-H. pylori serum IgG and IgM in 102 control subjects. In both case subjects and control subjects, the IL-1B -511 T>C polymorphism was genotyped by PCR-RFLPs and the IL-1B -31 C>T polymorphism was genotyped by pyrosequencing. RESULTS: Sixty-two point seven (62.7%) of the 102 control subjects were H. pylori-seropositive. Among the case subjects, 100 were diagnosed with chronic gastritis and 28 with gastric ulcer. We found that 77% of the patients with chronic gastritis and 85.7% of the patients with gastric ulcer were H. pylori-positive. The predominant H. pylori genotype was vacA s1m1 (58.4%) and the most frequent subtype was vacA s1. The -511 TC, (rs16944 -511 T>C) genotype and the -511C allele were associated with chronic gastritis (OR = 3.1, 95% CI = 1.4-6.8 and OR = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.4-6.0, respectively). The subjects carrying -31T (rs1143627 -31 C>T) were found to be at a higher risk of having chronic gastritis (OR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.3-5.8). The IL-1B -511C/-31T haplotype was associated with chronic gastritis (OR = 2.1, 95% CI = 1.2-3.8) but not with gastric ulcer. CONCLUSIONS: The H. pylori vacA genotypes identified herein were similar to those reported for other regions of Mexico. The vacA s1m1 genotype was not associated with gastric ulcer. In the southern Mexican population, the IL-1B -511C and -31T alleles and the -511C/-31T and -511T/-31T haplotypes are associated with increased risk of chronic gastritis and gastric ulcer.
Project description:BACKGROUND: A number of observational studies have been conducted to investigate the association of the IL-10 gene polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility. However, their results are conflicting. METHOD: We searched published case-control studies on the IL-10 polymorphisms and SLE in PubMed, EMBASE and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database. A meta-analysis was conducted using a fixed-effect or random-effect model based on between-study heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 42 studies with 7948 cases and 11866 controls were included in this meta-analysis. Among Caucasians, the CA27 allele of the IL10.G microsatellites (OR 2.38, 95% CI 1.01-5.62), the G allele of the IL-10 -1082G/A polymorphism (G vs. A: OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.02-1.44; GG vs. AA: OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.16-1.82; GG+GA vs. AA: OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.03-1.29) and its associated haplotype -1082G/-819C/-592C (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.10-1.42) were associated with increased SLE susceptibility without or with unimportant between-study heterogeneity. Removing studies deviating from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) hardly changed these results. Among Asians, the CA21 allele of the IL-10.G microsatellites (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.02-1.60) and the -1082G/-819C/-592C haplotype (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.00-1.53) were associated with increased SLE susceptibility, but with substantial between-study heterogeneity or sensitive to HWE status. Removing studies deviating from HWE also produced statistically significant associations of the IL-10 -1082G/A (GG vs. AA: OR 3.21, 95% CI 1.24-8.28; GG vs. AA+GA: OR 2.85, 95% CI 1.19-6.79) and -592C/A polymorphisms (CC+CA vs. AA: OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.51-0.94) with SLE among Asians. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis showed that the IL10.G microsatellites, the IL-10 -1082G/A and -592C/A polymorphisms and the haplotype -1082G/-819C/-592C are associated with SLE susceptibility. Besides, this is the first time to report an association between the CA27 allele of the IL-10.G microsatellites and SLE among Caucasians. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Project description:Asthma is a complex polygenic disease in which gene-environment interactions are important. A number of studies have investigated the polymorphism of IL-1? -511C/T and IL-1RA genes in relation to asthma susceptibility in different populations. However, the results of individual studies have been inconsistent. Accordingly, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis to investigate the association between the IL-1? -511C/T and IL-1RA polymorphism and asthma risk.Data were collected from the following electronic databases: Pub Med, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), ISI Web of Knowledge, and Google Scholar Search databases with the last report up to July 2013. Finally, 15 studies were included in our meta-analysis. We summarized the data on the association between IL-1? -511C/T and IL-1RA polymorphism and risk of asthma in the overall population and performed subgroup analyses by ethnicity, mean of age, and source of controls. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to evaluate the associations between IL-1? -511C/T and IL-1RA polymorphism and asthma risk. Statistical analysis was performed with Review Manager 5.1.A total of 15 case-control studies were included in the meta-analysis of IL-1? -511C/T (1,385 cases and 1,964 controls) and IL-1RA (2,800 cases and 6,359 controls) genotypes. No association was found between IL-1? -511C/T polymorphism and asthma risk (dominant model: OR = 1.11, 95% CI: 0.99-1.25, P = 0.07, P Heterogeneity = 0.06; recessive model: OR = 1.04, 95% CI: 0.91-1.20, P = 0.55, P Heterogeneity = 0.11). Subgroup analysis based on ethnicity (Asian and Caucasian), source of controls (population-based controls and hospital-based controls), and mean of age (adulthood and childhood) did not present any significant association. The overall results showed that the IL-1RA polymorphism was related to an increased risk of asthma (homozygote model: OR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.12-1.56, P = 0.0009, P Heterogeneity = 0.87; recessive model: OR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.18-1.63, P = 0.0001, P Heterogeneity = 0.82). Similar results were found in the subgroup analyses by ethnicity, mean of age, and source of controls. Sensitivity analysis did not perturb the results.This meta-analysis provided strong evidence that the IL-1RA polymorphism was a risk factor of asthma, especially in Caucasian populations. However, no association was found for IL-1? -511C/T genotype carriers. Larger scale studies are needed for confirmation.
Project description:The objective of this study was to investigate the contribution of the tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) gene polymorphisms to recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). The study participants consisted of 357 Korean women with RSA and 236 fertile women controls. Four TNF-? gene variants of all participants were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. The TNF-? -1031T>C and TNF-? -238G>A variants increased the risk of RSA TNF-? -1031TC+CC; adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.292; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.547-3.395; P < .001; TNF-? -238GA+AA; AOR, 2.327; 95% CI, 1.038-5.217; P = .040), and these data were not different in a stratified analysis according to the number of consecutive spontaneous abortions. Also, the mutant genotypes of TNF-? -1031 and TNF-? -238 showed synergistic effects on increased RSA risk (-1031TC+CC/-238GA+AA; AOR, 4.054; 95% CI, 1.520-10.812; P = .005). In haplotype analysis, there were similar trends of data for combination analysis. In conclusion, the TNF-? -1031T>C and TNF-? -238G>A variants are possible genetic risk factors for RSA.