Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Experimental demonstration of an Allee effect in microbial populations.


ABSTRACT: Microbial populations can be dispersal limited. However, microorganisms that successfully disperse into physiologically ideal environments are not guaranteed to establish. This observation contradicts the Baas-Becking tenet: 'Everything is everywhere, but the environment selects'. Allee effects, which manifest in the relationship between initial population density and probability of establishment, could explain this observation. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that small populations of Vibrio fischeri are subject to an intrinsic demographic Allee effect. Populations subjected to predation by the bacterivore Cafeteria roenbergensis display both intrinsic and extrinsic demographic Allee effects. The estimated critical threshold required to escape positive density-dependence is around 5, 20 or 90 cells ml(-1)under conditions of high carbon resources, low carbon resources or low carbon resources with predation, respectively. This work builds on the foundations of modern microbial ecology, demonstrating that mechanisms controlling macroorganisms apply to microorganisms, and provides a statistical method to detect Allee effects in data.

SUBMITTER: Kaul RB 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4881352 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5478107 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4985628 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3578569 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4898794 | BioStudies
2008-01-01 | S-EPMC2587236 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5489733 | BioStudies
2014-01-01 | S-EPMC4448890 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC5221468 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4174940 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4174943 | BioStudies