Dataset Information


The 12 Years Preceding Mild Cognitive Impairment Due to Alzheimer's Disease: The Temporal Emergence of Cognitive Decline.

ABSTRACT: The identification of the type and sequence of cognitive decline in preclinical mild cognitive impairment (MCI) prior to Alzheimer's disease (AD) is crucial for understanding AD pathogenesis and implementing therapeutic interventions.To model the longitudinal courses of different neuropsychological functions in MCI due to AD.We investigated the prodromal phase of MCI over a 12-year period in 27 initially healthy participants with subsequent MCI preceding AD (NC-MCI) and 60 demographically matched healthy individuals (NC-NC). The longitudinal courses of cognitive performance (verbal and visual episodic memory, semantic memory, executive functioning, constructional praxis, psychomotor speed, language, and informant-based reports) were analyzed with linear mixed effects models.The sequence with which different cognitive functions declined in the NC-MCI relative to the NC-NC group began with verbal memory and savings performance approximately eight years, and verbal episodic learning, visual memory, and semantic memory (animal fluency) circa four years prior to the MCI diagnosis. Executive functioning, psychomotor speed, and informant-based reports of the NC-MCI group declined approximately two years preceding the MCI diagnosis.Measurable neuropsychological deterioration occurs up to approximately eight years preceding MCI due to AD.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4927842 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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