P66Shc: A novel biomarker of tubular oxidative injury in patients with diabetic nephropathy.
ABSTRACT: Increased p66Shc expression has been associated with diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, whether p66Shc can serve as a potential biomarker for tubular oxidative injury in DN is unknown. We measured the expression of p66Shc in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMs) and renal biopsy tissues from DN patients and then analysed the relationship between p66Shc expression and the clinical characteristics of patients with DN. Patients were divided into 4 groups (class IIa, class IIb, class III and the control group). qPCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were performed. The results showed that both p66Shc and p-p66Shc expression significantly increased in PBMs and kidney tissues of DN patients. Moreover, Spearman's correlation and multiple regression analyses were carried out. A positive relationship between the p66Shc expression and oxidative stress was found. p66Shc and oxidative stress were significant predictors of the degree of tubular damage. In addition, p66Shc expression was positively correlated with the concentrations of ?-NAG, UACR and 8-OHdG, low-density lipoprotein and blood glucose levels, and duration of diabetes in patients with DN from class IIa to class III. These data indicated that increased expression of p66Shc may serve as a therapeutic target and a novel biomarker of DN.
Project description:Background: Oxidative stress has emerged as an essential factor in the pathogenesis of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The adaptor protein p66Shc is a key regulator of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and a mediator of I/R damage in the intestine, but the upstream mechanisms that directly regulate p66Shc expression during intestinal I/R remain largely unknown. Recent studies have suggested that noncoding RNAs, such as circular RNAs (circRNAs), are important players in physiological and pathological processes based on their versatile regulatory roles in gene expression. The aim of this study was to elucidate the contribution of p66Shc to oxidative damage in intestinal I/R and to investigate the regulation of p66Shc by circRNA sponges. Methods: Intestinal I/R was induced in mice via superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion. A miR-339-5p agomir or circ-protein kinase C beta (PRKCB) siRNA was injected intravenously before I/R challenge. In addition, Caco-2 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in vitro to simulate an in vivo I/R model. Results: In vitro, p66Shc deficiency significantly reduced H/R-induced ROS overproduction by attenuating mitochondrial superoxide anion (O2 -) levels, suppressing NADPH oxidase activity and enhancing antioxidant enzyme expression. Moreover, miR-339-5p was identified to directly regulate p66Shc expression in the intestine. Furthermore, we found that a circRNA transcribed from the PRKCB gene, named circ-PRKCB, acted as an endogenous miR-339-5p sponge to regulate p66Shc expression. circ-PRKCB silencing or miR-339-5p overexpression significantly downregulated p66Shc expression and attenuated oxidative stress levels and I/R injury in vivo and in vitro. Notably, the increased circ-PRKCB levels and decreased miR-339-5p levels associated with murine intestinal I/R were consistent with those in patients with intestinal infarction. Conclusions: Our findings reveal a crucial role for the circ-PRKCB/miR-339-5p/p66Shc signaling pathway in regulating oxidative stress in the I/R intestine. This pathway may be a potential therapeutic target for intestinal I/R injury.
Project description:Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of various cardiovascular diseases. CRIF1 is a protein present in the mitochondria associated with large mitoribosomal subunits, and CRIF1 knockdown induces mitochondrial dysfunction and promotes ROS production. p66shc is a redox enzyme implicated in mitochondrial ROS generation and translation of oxidative signals and, therefore, is a key factor for oxidative stress in endothelial cells. In this study, we investigated whether mitochondrial dysfunction induced by CRIF1 knockdown induces p66shc stimulation and plays any role in mitochondrial dysfunction-induced endothelial activation. Knockdown of CRIF1 decreased the expression of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes I, III and IV, leading to increased mitochondrial ROS (mtROS) and hyperpolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential. Knockdown of CRIF1 also stimulated phosphorylation of p66shc and increased cytosolic ROS in endothelial cells. Furthermore, the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and endoplasmic reticulum stress proteins were increased upon CRIF1 knockdown in endothelial cells. However, p66shc knockdown blunted the alteration in mitochondrial dynamics and ROS production in CRIF1 knockdown endothelial cells. In addition, p66shc knockdown reduced the CRIF1 knockdown-induced increases in adhesion between monocytes and endothelial cells. Taken together, these results suggest that CRIF1 knockdown partially induces endothelial activation via increased ROS production and phosphorylation of p66shc.
Project description:Of the three Shc isoforms, p66Shc is responsible for fine-tuning p52/p46Shc signaling to Ras and has been implicated in apoptotic responses to oxidative stress. Here we show that human peripheral blood lymphocytes and mouse thymocytes and splenic T cells acquire the capacity to express p66Shc in response to apoptogenic stimulation. Using a panel of T-cell transfectants and p66Shc(-/-) T cells, we show that p66Shc expression results in increased susceptibility to apoptogenic stimuli, which depends on Ser36 phosphorylation and correlates with an altered balance in apoptosis-regulating gene expression. Furthermore, p66Shc blunts mitogenic responses to T-cell receptor engagement, at least in part by transdominant inhibition of p52Shc signaling to Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinases, in an S36-dependent manner. The data highlight a novel interplay between p66Shc and p52Shc in the control of T-cell fate.
Project description:Doxorubicin- (DOX-) induced cardiotoxicity is associated with oxidative stress and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. The adaptor protein p66Shc regulates the cellular redox status and determines cell susceptibility to apoptosis. This study is aimed at investigating the involvement of sirtuin 1- (SIRT1-) mediated p66Shc inhibition in DOX-induced redox signalling and exploring the possible protective mechanisms of berberine (Ber) against DOX-triggered cardiac injury in rats and a cultured H9c2 cell line. Our results showed that the Ber pretreatment markedly increased CAT, SOD, and GSH-PX activities, decreased the levels of MDA, and improved the electrocardiogram and histopathological changes in the myocardium in DOX-treated rats (in vivo). Furthermore, Ber significantly ameliorated the DOX-induced oxidative insult and mitochondrial damage by adjusting the levels of intracellular ROS, ??m, and [Ca2+]m in H9c2 cells (in vitro). Importantly, the Ber pretreatment increased SIRT1 expression following DOX exposure but downregulated p66Shc. Consistent with the results demonstrating the SIRT1-mediated inhibition of p66Shc expression, the Ber pretreatment inhibited DOX-triggered cardiomyocyte apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction. After exposing H9c2 cells to DOX, the increased SIRT1 expression induced by Ber was abrogated by a SIRT1-specific inhibitor (EX527) or the use of siRNA against SIRT1. Accordingly, SIRT1 inhibition significantly abrogated the suppression of p66Shc expression and protection of Ber against DOX-induced oxidative