Complete Genome Sequence of a Virulent Newcastle Disease Virus Strain Isolated from a Clinically Healthy Duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) in Pakistan.
ABSTRACT: Here, we report the complete genome sequence of a virulent Newcastle disease virus (vNDV) strain, duck/Pakistan/Lahore/AW-123/2015, isolated from apparently healthy laying ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) from the province of Punjab, Pakistan. The virus has a genome length of 15,192 nucleotides and is classified as member of subgenotype VIIi, class II.
Project description:Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Enterococcus faecalis DBH18, a bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacterium (LAB) isolated from mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos). The assembly contains 2,836,724 bp, with a G+C content of 37.6%. The genome is predicted to contain 2,654 coding DNA sequences (CDSs) and 50 RNAs.
Project description:Duck (Anas platyrhynchos), one of the most economically important waterfowl, is an ideal model for studying the immune protection mechanism of birds. An incomplete duck reference genome and very limited availability of full-length cDNAs has hindered the identification of alternatively spliced transcripts and slowed down many basic studies in ducks. We applied PacBio Iso-Seq technologies to multiple tissues from duck for use in transcriptome sequencing. We obtained 199,993 full-length transcripts and comprehensively annotated these transcripts. 23,755 lncRNAs were predicted from all identified transcripts and 35,031 alternative splicing events, which divided into 5 models, were accurately predicted from 3,346 genes. Our data constitute a large increase in the known number of both lncRNA, and alternatively spliced transcripts of duck and plays an important role in improving current genome annotation. In addition, the data will be extremely useful for functional studies in other birds.
Project description:Hatchability is one of the important reproductive traits of poulty, however, molecular biological study related to hatchability of poultry is very limited. The magnum is where the egg white components are produced. During embryo development, egg white secreted by the magnum is gradually transferred into the amniotic fluid, and albumen finally migrates to the embryo. Egg white proteins are composed of ovalbumin, conalbumin, lysozyme, ovomucoid, riboflavin binding protein (RfBP), and other less abundant proteins. Mutation of ovalbumin and RfBP genes increases the mortality of embryos; therefore, egg white might be closely related to poultry hatchability. Tsaiya duck (Anas platyrhynchos) is the major egg-laying duck in Taiwan. In this study, gene expression profiling by cDNA microarray chip technology was performed using mRNA prepared from the magnum epithelium of Tsaiya ducks, and a number of differentially expressed transcripts were found. Keywords = Tsaiya duck (Anas platyrhynchos), magnum, hachability, cDNA microarray, transcriptional profiling. Analysis used low hachability RNA as control samples for comparison to the experimental samples taken from high hachability group. Total RNA was isolated by the RareRNA reagent (GenePure). The MicroMax direct labeling kit (PerkinElmer) was used to prepare the labeled cDNA and further process the hybridization on the arrays. Dye swap was design with four arrays. Arrays were scanned using a GenePix 4000B microarray scanner (Axon Instruments). GenePix Pro 4.1 software was then used to acquire the raw data. The data was analyzed by Avadis software (Strand Life Science).
Project description:A genetic linkage map for the duck (Anas platyrhynchos) was developed within a cross between two extreme Peking duck lines by linkage analysis of 155 polymorphic microsatellite markers, including 84 novel markers reported in this study. A total of 115 microsatellite markers were placed into 19 linkage groups. The sex-averaged map spans 1353.3 cM, with an average interval distance of 15.04 cM. The male map covers 1415 cM, whereas the female map covers only 1387.6 cM. All of the flanking sequences of the 155 polymorphic loci--44 monomorphic loci and a further 41 reported microsatellite loci for duck--were blasted against the chicken genomic sequence, and corresponding orthologs were found for 49. To integrate the genetic and cytogenetic map of the duck genome, 28 BAC clones were screened from a chicken BAC library using the specific PCR primers and localized to duck chromosomes by FISH, respectively. Of 28 BAC clones, 24 were detected definitely on duck chromosomes. Thus, 11 of 19 linkage groups were localized to 10 duck chromosomes. This genetic and cytogenetic map will be helpful for the mapping QTL in duck for breeding applications and for conducting genomic comparisons between chicken and duck.