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2-cyclohexylamino-5,8-dimethoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone inhibits LPS-induced BV2 microglial activation through MAPK/NF-kB signaling pathways.

ABSTRACT: AIMS:To verify the effects of several 5,8-dimethoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (DMNQ) derivatives on LPS-induced NO production, cellular ROS levels and cytokine expression in BV-2 microglial cells. MAIN METHODS:An MTT assay and FACS flow cytometry were performed to assess the cellular viability and apoptosis and cellular ROS levels, respectively. To examine the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and cellular signaling pathways, semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting were also used in this study. KEY FINDINGS:Among the six newly synthesized DMNQ derivatives, 2-cyclohexylamino-5,8-dimethoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (R6) significantly inhibited the NO production, cellular ROS levels and the cytokines expression in BV-2 microglial cells, which stimulated by LPS. Signaling study showed that compound R6 treatment also significantly down-regulated the LPS-induced phosphorylation of MAPKs (ERK, JNK and p38) and decreased the degradation of I?B-? in BV2 microglial cells. SIGNIFICANCE:Our findings demonstrate that our newly synthesized compound derived from DMNQ, 2-cyclohexylamino-5,8-dimethoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (R6), might be a therapeutic agent for the treatment of glia-mediated neuroinflammatory diseases.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4971128 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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