Enantioselective Synthesis of Spirooxindole Enols: Regioselective and Asymmetric [3+2] Cyclization of 3-Isothiocyanato Oxindoles with Dibenzylidene Ketones.
ABSTRACT: A novel cinchona-alkaloid-derived organocatalyst has been developed to catalyze the asymmetric regioselective [3+2] cycloaddition of 3-isothiocyanato oxindoles with dibenzylidene ketones. A series of spirooxindole enols could be obtained in high yields with good-to-excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivities.
Project description:A stereoselective cyclization between alkylidene oxindoles and 5-methoxyoxazoles has been developed using catalytic titanium(IV) chloride (as low as 5 mol %) to afford spiro[3,3'-oxindole-1-pyrrolines] in excellent yield (up to 99%) and diastereoselectivity (up to 99:1). Using a chiral scandium(III)-indapybox/BArF complex affords enantioenriched spirooxindole-1-pyrrolines where a ligand-induced reversal of diastereoselectivity is observed. This methodology is further demonstrated for the synthesis of pyrrolines from malonate alkylidene and coumarin derivatives.
Project description:A synthetic approach to stable enols was introduced and series of acyclic aliphatic solid enols were obtained and characterized. Relationship between the structure and the stability of these enols was discussed. Gaussian 09 calculations had been carried out to rationalize the stability of the enols. These enol structures were confirmed by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, MS, IR, partly by single crystal X-ray structure analysis and the protons exchange experiments. This work showed that very stable acyclic aliphatic enols can be synthesized efficiently without any purification.
Project description:A strategy for the efficient two-step synthesis of triazole derivatives of oxindoles and spirooxindoles is presented. Using a common set of N-propargylated isatins, a series of mechanistically distinct stereoselective reactions with different combinations of nucleophiles and catalysts provide access to diverse hydroxy-oxindoles, spiroindolones, and spirocyclic oxazoline structures. The resulting N-propargylated oxindoles are then converted to triazoles using copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reactions. Overall, this strategy affords a 64-member pilot-scale library of diverse oxindoles and spirooxindoles.
Project description:Spirooxindole amides can be prepared by the intramolecular addition of functionalized indoles into acylimines that are accessed from nitriles by hydrozirconation and acylation. The stereochemical outcome at the quaternary center was controlled by the steric bulk of the substituent at the 2-position of the indole unit. The products are well-suited for diversification to prepare libraries.
Project description:A Brønsted acid-catalyzed Prins-type cyclization sequence to construct spirooxindole pyrans in high yields and excellent diastereoselectivity has been developed. The combination of a ?-hydroxy dioxinone fragment and isatin dimethyl acetal generate oxa-spirooxindoles efficiently. These compounds are diversifiable scaffolds that tap into the rich chemistry of dioxinones.
Project description:A thermal [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction of allene-ynes has been used to transform chiral non-racemic allenyl oxindoles into chiral non-racemic spirooxindoles containing an alkylidene cyclobutene moiety. The enantiomeric excesses were determined by chiral lanthanide shift NMR analysis and the transfer of chiral information from the allene to the spirooxindole was found to be greater than 95%.
Project description:A highly stereoselective, one-pot, multicomponent method has been developed to synthesize pyrrolizidine- and N-methyl pyrrolidine-substituted spirooxindole derivatives. The [3 + 2] cycloaddition reaction involves the reaction between the dipole azomethine ylides, generated in situ from the reaction between isatin and secondary amino acids such as L-proline or sarcosine, and ?,?-unsaturated carbonyl compounds as the dipolarophile. The reaction condition was optimized to achieve excellent regio- and stereoselectivity. Products were obtained in good yield using ethanol as a solvent at the reflux temperature. The newly synthesized spirooxindole derivatives were evaluated for their antiproliferative efficacy against National Cancer Institute (NCI)-60 cancer cell lines and DNA G-quadruplex (G4) interaction capacity. Compound 14b produced selective cytotoxicity against leukemia, renal, colon, and prostate cancer cell lines at a 10 ?M concentration. The G4 interaction studies further suggested that these spirooxindole derivatives were devoid of any activity as DNA G4 ligands.
Project description:An ef?cient one-pot synthesis of novel ?-amino acid derivatives containing a thiadiazole moiety was developed using a chiral squaramide cinchona alkaloid as organocatalyst. The reactions afforded chiral ?-amino acid derivatives in moderate yields and with moderate to excellent enantioselectivities. The present study demonstrated for the first time the use of a Mannich reaction catalyzed by a chiral bifunctional organocatalyst for the one-pot synthesis of novel ?-amino acid derivatives bearing a 1,3,4-thiadiazole moiety on nitrogen.
Project description:Our synthetic approach for the assembly of structurally complex spirooxindole heterocyclic hybrids was based on an ionic liquid, [bmim]Br mediated one-pot three-component cascade reaction strategy involving 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of N-1-(2-pyridinylmethyl)-3,5-bis[(E)-arylmethylidene]tetrahydro-4(1H)-pyridinones and azomethine ylide generated in situ from isatin and L-phenyl alanine, affording a series of spirooxindole-pyrrolidine heterocyclic hybrids in good-to-excellent yields. In addition to serving as the reaction medium, [bmim]Br also functioned as a catalyst in this cycloaddition reaction and hence accelerated the reaction rate affording the cycloadducts in short reaction time.
Project description:A general and efficient iron-catalyzed C-alkylation of oxindoles has been developed. This borrowing hydrogen approach employing a (cyclopentadienone)iron carbonyl complex (2?mol?%) exhibited a broad reaction scope, allowing benzylic and simple primary and secondary aliphatic alcohols to be employed as alkylating agents. A variety of oxindoles underwent selective mono-C3-alkylation in good-to-excellent isolated yields (28?examples, 50-92?% yield, 79?% average yield).