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Adsorption of Antibiotics on Graphene and Biochar in Aqueous Solutions Induced by ?-? Interactions.


ABSTRACT: The use of carbon based materials on the removal of antibiotics with high concentrations has been well studied, however the effect of this removal method is not clear on the actual concentration of environments, such as the hospital wastewater, sewage treatment plants and aquaculture wastewater. In this study, experimental studies on the adsorption of 7 antibiotics in environmental concentration of aqueous solutions by carbon based materials have been observed. Three kinds of carbon materials have shown very fast adsorption to antibiotics by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) detection, and the highest removal efficiency of antibiotics could reach to 100% within the range of detection limit. Surprisedly, the adsorption rate of graphene with small specific surface area was stronger than other two biochar, and adsorption rate of the two biochar which have approximate specific surface and different carbonization degree, was significantly different. The key point to the present observation were the ?-? interactions between aromatic rings on adsorbed substance and carbon based materials by confocal laser scanning microscope observation. Moreover, adsorption energy markedly increased with increasing number of the ? rings by using the density functional theory (DFT), showing the particular importance of ?-? interactions in the adsorption process.

SUBMITTER: Peng B 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4989150 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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