Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Abcb1 in Pigs: Molecular cloning, tissues distribution, functional analysis, and its effect on pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin.


ABSTRACT: P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the best-known ATP-dependent efflux transporters, contributing to differences in pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions. Until now, studies on pig P-gp have been scarce. In our studies, the full-length porcine P-gp cDNA was cloned and expressed in a Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cell line. P-gp expression was then determined in tissues and its role in the pharmacokinetics of oral enrofloxacin in pigs was studied. The coding region of pig Abcb1 gene was 3,861?bp, encoding 1,286 amino acid residues (Mw?=?141,966). Phylogenetic analysis indicated a close evolutionary relationship between porcine P-gp and those of cow and sheep. Pig P-gp was successfully stably overexpressed in MDCK cells and had efflux activity for rhodamine 123, a substrate of P-gp. Tissue distribution analysis indicated that P-gp was highly expressed in brain capillaries, small intestine, and liver. In MDCK-pAbcb1 cells, enrofloxacin was transported by P-gp with net efflux ratio of 2.48 and the efflux function was blocked by P-gp inhibitor verapamil. High expression of P-gp in the small intestine could modify the pharmacokinetics of orally administrated enrofloxacin by increasing the Cmax, AUC and Ka, which was demonstrated using verapamil, an inhibitor of P-gp.

SUBMITTER: Guo T 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5004175 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6515058 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5849680 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC4002158 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC6274566 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC6151990 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7606107 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3745465 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6471532 | BioStudies
2014-01-01 | S-EPMC4055595 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4891189 | BioStudies