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Multi-regression analysis revealed a relationship between l-serine and methionine, a component of one-carbon metabolism, in the normal control but not in the schizophrenia.

ABSTRACT: Alterations in one-carbon metabolism (OCM) have been observed in patients with schizophrenia (SZ), but a comprehensive study of OCM has not yet been conducted. A carbon atom is transferred from l-serine to methionine during OCM, but the relationship between l-serine and methionine in SZ is not yet known. We investigated the relationship between l-serine and methionine to obtain a comprehensive understanding of OCM in SZ.We recruited forty-five patients with SZ and thirty normal controls (NC). Whole blood, plasma, and DNA specimens were obtained from all participants. Plasma l-serine, d-serine, glycine, methionine, and total homocysteine levels were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography. Plasma vitamin B12 and total folate were measured using a chemiluminescent protein-binding immunoassay. Clinical symptoms were estimated using the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS). The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C667T genotype and A298C genotype, which are involved in MTHFR activity, were determined using the TaqMan genotyping assay system.Analysis of variance was used to confirm that the SZ cohort has higher plasma homocysteine levels and lower plasma folate levels than the NC group. Multi-regression analysis revealed a relationship between l-serine and methionine in the NC group but not in the SZ group. The MTHFR genotype did not affect the relationship between l-serine and methionine in each group. The total PANSS score was significantly related to d-serine and folate levels and to age. Positive PANSS scores were significantly related to both glycine and sex. In addition, both glycine and d-serine were significantly correlated with negative PANSS scores.We found impairment of the relationship between l-serine and methionine in SZ. Clinical symptoms of SZ were partially correlated with the OCM components. These findings contributed to our understanding of OCM alteration in SZ and may explain why the alteration occurs.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5007820 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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