Dynamic spin filtering at the Co/Alq3 interface mediated by weakly coupled second layer molecules.
ABSTRACT: Spin filtering at organic-metal interfaces is often determined by the details of the interaction between the organic molecules and the inorganic magnets used as electrodes. Here we demonstrate a spin-filtering mechanism based on the dynamical spin relaxation of the long-living interface states formed by the magnet and weakly physisorbed molecules. We investigate the case of Alq3 on Co and, by combining two-photon photoemission experiments with electronic structure theory, show that the observed long-time spin-dependent electron dynamics is driven by molecules in the second organic layer. The interface states formed by physisorbed molecules are not spin-split, but acquire a spin-dependent lifetime, that is the result of dynamical spin-relaxation driven by the interaction with the Co substrate. Such spin-filtering mechanism has an important role in the injection of spin-polarized carriers across the interface and their successive hopping diffusion into successive molecular layers of molecular spintronics devices.
Project description:We predict the induction or suppression of magnetism in the valence shell of physisorbed and chemisorbed organic molecules on graphene occurring on the femtosecond time scale as a result of core level excitations. For physisorbed molecules, where the interaction with graphene is dominated by van der Waals forces and the system is non-magnetic in the ground state, numerical simulations based on density functional theory show that the valence electrons relax towards a spin polarized configuration upon excitation of a core-level electron. The magnetism depends on efficient electron transfer from graphene on the femtosecond time scale. On the other hand, when graphene is covalently functionalized, the system is magnetic in the ground state showing two spin dependent mid gap states localized around the adsorption site. At variance with the physisorbed case upon core-level excitation, the LUMO of the molecule and the mid gap states of graphene hybridize and the relaxed valence shell is not magnetic anymore.
Project description:Tailoring molecular spinterface between novel magnetic materials and organic semiconductors offers promise to achieve high spin injection efficiency. Yet it has been challenging to achieve simultaneously a high and nonvolatile control of magnetoresistance effect in organic spintronic devices. To date, the largest magnetoresistance (~300% at T?=?10?K) has been reached in tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (Alq3)-based organic spin valves (OSVs) using La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 as a magnetic electrode. Here we demonstrate that one type of perovskite manganites, i.e., a (La2/3Pr1/3)5/8Ca3/8MnO3 thin film with pronounced electronic phase separation (EPS), can be used in Alq3-based OSVs to achieve a large magnetoresistance (MR) up to 440% at T?=?10?K and a typical electrical Hanle effect as the Hallmark of the spin injection. The contactless magnetic field-controlled EPS enables us to achieve a nonvolatile tunable MR response persisting up to 120?K. Our study suggests a new route to design high performance multifunctional OSV devices using electronic phase separated manganites.
Project description:Incorporation of duplex DNA with higher molecular weights has attracted attention for a new opportunity towards a better organic light-emitting diode (OLED) capability. However, biological recognition by OLED materials is yet to be addressed. In this study, specific oligomeric DNA-DNA recognition is successfully achieved by tri (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminium (Alq3), an organic semiconductor. Alq3 rods crystallized with guidance from single-strand DNA molecules show, strikingly, a unique distribution of the DNA molecules with a shape of an 'inverted' hourglass. The crystal's luminescent intensity is enhanced by 1.6-fold upon recognition of the perfect-matched target DNA sequence, but not in the case of a single-base mismatched one. The DNA-DNA recognition forming double-helix structure is identified to occur only in the rod's outer periphery. This study opens up new opportunities of Alq3, one of the most widely used OLED materials, enabling biological recognition.
Project description:Low coordinated sites on catalytic surfaces often enhance reactivity, but the underlying dynamical processes are poorly understood. Using two independent approaches, we investigate the reactivity of O<sub>2</sub> impinging onto platinum and resolve how step edges on (111) terraces enhance sticking. At low incident energy, the linear dependence on step density, independence of step type, and insensitivity to O<sub>2</sub>'s molecular alignment show that trapping into a physisorbed state precedes molecular chemisorption and dissociation. At higher impact energies, direct molecular chemisorption occurs in parallel on steps and terraces. While terraces are insensitive to alignment of the molecule within the (111) plane, steps favor molecules impacting with their internuclear axis parallel to the edge. Stereodynamical filtering thus controls sticking and dissociation of O<sub>2</sub> on Pt with a twofold role of steps.
Project description:The role of the electron spin in chemistry and biology has received much attention recently owing to to the possible electromagnetic field effects on living organisms and the prospect of using molecules in the emerging field of spintronics. Recently the chiral-induced spin selectivity effect was observed by electron transmission through organic molecules. In the present study, we demonstrated the ability to control the spin filtering of electrons by light transmitted through purple membranes containing bacteriorhodopsin (bR) and its D96N mutant. The spin-dependent electrochemical cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometric measurements were performed with the membranes deposited on nickel substrates. High spin-dependent electron transmission through the membranes was observed; however, after the samples were illuminated by 532 nm light, the spin filtering in the D96N mutant was dramatically reduced whereas the light did not have any effect on the wild-type bR. Beyond demonstrating spin-dependent electron transmission, this work also provides an interesting insight into the relationship between the structure of proteins and spin filtering by conducting electrons.
Project description:Whey-protein-isolate-based composite hydrogels with encapsulated black carrot (<i>Daucus carota</i>) extract were prepared by heat-induced gelation. The hydrogels were blended with gum tragacanth, pectin and xanthan gum polysaccharides for modulating their properties. <sup>1</sup>H spin-lattice relaxation experiments were performed in a broad frequency range, from 4 kHz to 30 MHz, to obtain insight into the influence of the different polysaccharides and of the presence of black carrot on dynamical properties of water molecules in the hydrogel network. The <sup>1</sup>H spin-lattice relaxation data were decomposed into relaxation contributions associated with confined and free water fractions. The population of the confined water fraction and the value of the translation diffusion coefficient of water molecules in the vicinity of the macromolecular network were quantitatively determined on the basis of the relaxation data. Moreover, it was demonstrated that the translation diffusion is highly anisotropic (two-dimensional, 2D).
Project description:We demonstrate a protocol using individual nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond to observe the time evolution of proton spins from organic molecules located a few nanometres from the diamond surface. The protocol records temporal correlations among the interacting protons, and thus is sensitive to the local dynamics via its impact on the nuclear spin relaxation and interaction with the nitrogen vacancy. We gather information on the nanoscale rotational and translational diffusion dynamics by analysing the time dependence of the nuclear magnetic resonance signal. Applying this technique to liquid and solid samples, we find evidence that liquid samples form a semi-solid layer of 1.5-nm thickness on the surface of diamond, where translational diffusion is suppressed while rotational diffusion remains present. Extensions of the present technique could be exploited to highlight the chemical composition of molecules tethered to the diamond surface or to investigate thermally or chemically activated dynamical processes such as molecular folding.
Project description:Ultra-fast spectroscopy can reveal the interplay of charges with low energy degrees of freedom, which underlies the rich physics of correlated materials. As a potential glue for superconductivity, spin fluctuations in Mott insulators are of particular interest. A theoretical description of the coupled spin and charge degrees of freedom is challenging, because magnetic order is often only short-lived and short-ranged. In this work we theoretically investigate how the spin-charge interactions influence the relaxation of a two-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulator after photo-excitation. We use a nonequilibrium variant of the dynamical cluster approximation, which, in contrast to single-site dynamical mean-field theory, captures the effect of short-range correlations. The relaxation time is found to scale with the strength of the nearest-neighbor spin correlations, and can be 10-20 fs in the cuprates. Increasing the temperature or excitation density decreases the spin correlations and thus implies longer relaxation times. This may help to distinguish the effect of spin-fluctuations on the charge relaxation from the influence of other bosonic modes in the solid.
Project description:Organic semiconductors (OSCs) are characteristic of long spin-relaxation lifetime due to weak spin-orbit interaction and hyperfine interaction. However, short spin diffusion length and weak magnetoresistance (MR) effect at room temperature (RT) was commonly found on spin valves (SVs) using an organic spacer, which should be correlated with low carrier mobility of the OSCs. Here, N-type semiconducting polymer P(NDI2OD-T2) with high carrier mobility is employed as the spacer in the SV devices. Exceedingly high MR ratio of 90.0% at 4.2 K and of 6.8% at RT are achieved, respectively, via improving the interface structure between the polymer interlayer and top cobalt electrode as well as optimal annealing of manganite bottom electrode. Furthermore, we observe spin dependent transport through the polymeric interlayer and a large spin diffusion length with a weak temperature dependence. The results indicate that this polymer material can be used as a good medium for spintronic devices.
Project description:π−conjugated radicals have great promise for use in organic spintronics, however, the mechanisms of spin relaxation and mobility related to radical structural flexibility remain unexplored. Here, we describe a dumbbell shape azobenzene diradical and correlate its solid-state flexibility with spin relaxation and mobility. We employ a combination of X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy to determine the molecular changes with temperature. Heating leads to: i) a modulation of the spin distribution; and ii) a “normal” quinoidal → aromatic transformation at low temperatures driven by the intramolecular rotational vibrations of the azobenzene core and a “reversed” aromatic → quinoidal change at high temperatures activated by an azobenzene bicycle pedal motion amplified by anisotropic intermolecular interactions. Thermal excitation of these vibrational states modulates the diradical electronic and spin structures featuring vibronic coupling mechanisms that might be relevant for future design of high spin organic molecules with tunable magnetic properties for solid state spintronics. In this manuscript, Negri, Zheng, Casado et al develop a stable and flexible diradical. Using a combination of experimental and theoretical techniques, they show how heating leads to change in the electronic and spin delocalizations ocurring between quinoidal and aromatic forms, and elucidate a unique spin-vibrational coupling.