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De novo DNA methylation by DNA methyltransferase 3a controls early effector CD8+ T-cell fate decisions following activation.


ABSTRACT: DNMT3a is a de novo DNA methyltransferase expressed robustly after T-cell activation that regulates plasticity of CD4(+) T-cell cytokine expression. Here we show that DNMT3a is critical for directing early CD8(+) T-cell effector and memory fate decisions. Whereas effector function of DNMT3a knockout T cells is normal, they develop more memory precursor and fewer terminal effector cells in a T-cell intrinsic manner compared with wild-type animals. Rather than increasing plasticity of differentiated effector CD8(+) T cells, loss of DNMT3a biases differentiation of early effector cells into memory precursor cells. This is attributed in part to ineffective repression of Tcf1 expression in knockout T cells, as DNMT3a localizes to the Tcf7 promoter and catalyzes its de novo methylation in early effector WT CD8(+) T cells. These data identify DNMT3a as a crucial regulator of CD8(+) early effector cell differentiation and effector versus memory fate decisions.

SUBMITTER: Ladle BH 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5035851 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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