Complete Genome Sequence of a Lytic Siphoviridae Bacteriophage Infecting Several Serovars of Salmonella enterica.
ABSTRACT: The bacteriophage 100268_sal2 was isolated from water buffalo feces in southern Italy, exhibiting lytic activity against several subspecies of Salmonella enterica This bacteriophage belongs to the Siphoviridae family and has a 125,114-bp double-stranded DNA (ds-DNA) genome containing 188 coding sequences (CDSs).
Project description:Three bacteriophages, 118970_sal1, 118970_sal2, and 64795_sal3, were isolated from water buffalo feces in southern Italy, exhibiting lytic activity against Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. These bacteriophages belong to the Siphoviridae family and have a 60,113-bp, 123,930-bp, and 48,094-bp double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) genome containing 72, 173, and 80 coding sequences (CDSs), respectively.
Project description:The bacteriophage 118970_sal3 was isolated from water buffalo feces in southern Italy, exhibiting lytic activity against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. This bacteriophage belongs to the Myoviridae family and has a 39,464-bp double-stranded DNA (ds-DNA) genome containing 53 coding sequences (CDSs).
Project description:A novel lytic bacteriophage, ValSw3-3, which efficiently infects pathogenic strains of Vibrio alginolyticus, was isolated from sewage water and characterized by microbiological and in silico genomic analyses. Transmission electron microscopy indicated that ValSw3-3 has the morphology of siphoviruses. This phage can infect four species in the Vibrio genus and has a latent period of 15?min and a burst size of 95?±?2 PFU/infected bacterium. Genome sequencing results show that ValSw3-3 has a 39,846-bp double-stranded DNA genome with a GC content of 43.1%. The similarity between the genome sequences of ValSw3-3 and those of other phages recorded in the GenBank database was below 50% (42%), suggesting that ValSw3-3 significantly differs from previously reported phages at the DNA level. Multiple genome comparisons and phylogenetic analysis based on the major capsid protein revealed that phage ValSw3-3 is grouped in a clade with five other phages, including Listonella phage phiHSIC (GenBank accession no. NC_006953.1), Vibrio phage P23 (MK097141.1), Vibrio phage pYD8-B (NC_021561.1), Vibrio phage 2E1 (KX507045.1), and Vibrio phage 12G5 (HQ632860.1), and is distinct from all known genera within the Siphoviridae family that have been ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). An in silico proteomic comparison of diverse phages from the Siphoviridae family supported this clustering result and suggested that ValSw3-3, phiHSIC, P23, pYD8-B, 2E1, and 12G5 should be classified as a novel genus cluster of Siphoviridae A subsequent analysis of core genes also revealed the common genes shared within this new cluster. Overall, these results provide a characterization of Vibrio phage ValSw3-3 and support our proposal of a new viral genus within the family Siphoviridae IMPORTANCE Phage therapy has been considered a potential alternative to antibiotic therapy in treating bacterial infections. For controlling the vibriosis-causing pathogen Vibrio alginolyticus, well-documented phage candidates are still lacking. Here, we characterize a novel lytic Vibrio phage, ValSw3-3, based on its morphology, host range and infectivity, growth characteristics, stability under various conditions, and genomic features. Our results show that ValSw3-3 could be a potent candidate for phage therapy to treat V. alginolyticus infections due to its stronger infectivity and better pH and thermal stability than those of previously reported Vibrio phages. Moreover, genome sequence alignments, phylogenetic analysis, in silico proteomic comparison, and core gene analysis all support that this novel phage, ValSw3-3, and five unclassified phages form a clade distant from those of other known genera ratified by the ICTV. Thus, we propose a new viral genus within the Siphoviridae family to accommodate this clade, with ValSw3-3 as a representative member.
Project description:Bacteriophage f18SE was isolated from poultry sewage in Olmue, Chile, and lytic activity was demonstrated against Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis and serovar Pullorum strains. This bacteriophage has a 41,868-bp double-stranded DNA (ds-DNA) genome encoding 53 coding sequences (CDSs) and belongs to the family Siphoviridae, subfamily Jerseyvirinae.
Project description:The bacteriophage LSPA1 was isolated from hospital sewage (Kunming, China), and lytic activity was demonstrated against the Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A CMCC50973 strain. This bacteriophage has a 41,880-bp double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) genome encoding 58 coding sequences (CDSs) and belongs to the family Siphoviridae.
Project description:Bacteriophage (phage) therapy is expected to become an alternative therapy for Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. P. aeruginosa phage KPP23 is a newly isolated phage belonging to the family Siphoviridae and may be a therapeutic phage candidate. We report its complete genome, which comprises 62,774 bp of double-stranded DNA containing 95 open reading frames.
Project description:A novel cold-adapted siphovirus, vB_PagS_AAS21 (AAS21), was isolated in Lithuania using Pantoea agglomerans as the host for phage propagation. AAS21 has an isometric head (~85 nm in diameter) and a non-contractile flexible tail (~174 × 10 nm). With a genome size of 116,649 bp, bacteriophage AAS21 is the largest Pantoea-infecting siphovirus sequenced to date. The genome of AAS21 has a G+C content of 39.0% and contains 213 putative protein-encoding genes and 29 genes for tRNAs. A comparative sequence analysis revealed that 89 AAS21 open reading frames (ORFs) code for unique proteins that have no reliable identity to database entries. In total, 63 AAS21 ORFs were functionally annotated, including those coding for the proteins responsible for virion morphogenesis, phage-host interactions, and DNA metabolism. Proteomic analysis led to the experimental identification of 19 virion proteins, including 11 that were predicted by bioinformatics approaches. Based on comparative phylogenetic analysis, AAS21 cannot be assigned to any genus currently recognized by ICTV and may represents a new branch of viruses within the family Siphoviridae.
Project description:Bacteriophage TP-84 is a well-characterized bacteriophage of historical interest. It is a member of the Siphoviridae, and infects a number of thermophilic Geobacillus (Bacillus) stearothermophilus strains. Its' 47.7-kbp double-stranded DNA genome revealed the presence of 81 coding sequences (CDSs) coding for polypeptides of 4 kDa or larger. Interestingly, all CDSs are oriented in the same direction, pointing to a dominant transcription direction of one DNA strand. Based on a homology search, a hypothetical function could be assigned to 31 CDSs. No RNA or DNA polymerase-coding genes were found on the bacteriophage genome indicating that TP-84 relies on the host's transcriptional and replication enzymes. The TP84 genome is tightly packed with CDSs, typically spaced by several-to-tens of bp or often overlapping. The genome contains five putative promoter-like sequences showing similarity to the host promoter consensus sequence and allowing for a 2-bp mismatch. In addition, ten putative rho-independent terminators were detected. Because the genome sequence shows essentially no similarity to any previously characterised bacteriophage, TP-84 should be considered a new species in an undefined genus within the Siphoviridae family. Thus a taxonomic proposal of a new Tp84virus genus has been accepted by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. The bioinformatics genome analysis was verified by confirmation of 33 TP-84 proteins, which included: a) cloning of a selected CDS in Escherichia coli, coding for a DNA single-stranded binding protein (SSB; gene TP84_63), b) purification and functional assays of the recombinant TP-84 SSB, which has been shown to improve PCR reactions, c) mass spectrometric (MS) analysis of TP-84 bacteriophage capsid proteins, d) purification of TP-84 endolysin activity, e) MS analysis of the host cells from infection time course.
Project description:Bacteriophage P8625 is a lytic bacteriophage that infects the verrucomicrobial strain IMCC8625, a marine bacterium affiliated with Verrucomicrobia subdivision 4. Both the bacteriophage and the host bacterial strain were isolated from surface seawater samples collected off the east coast of Korea. The phage particle has an icosahedral capsid with a diameter of ~47 nm and a long tail of ~75 nm in length, showing the distinctive morphology of the Siphoviridae family. The complete genome sequence of phage P8625 is 32,894 bp long with 51.0 % G?+?C content. This is the first report of the complete genome sequence of a lytic phage that infects the Verrucomicrobia, for which the name "verrucophage" is proposed.
Project description:Enterococcus faecalis is an opportunistic pathogen that causes serious infections in humans and animals and is also an important bacterium for dairy and probiotic supplement production. Therefore, bacteriophages infecting E. faecalis may be useful for phage therapy against multidrug-resistant strains or may threaten industrial fermentation. We isolated a virulent Siphoviridae bacteriophage, BC-611, specifically infecting E. faecalis strain NP-10011 but not infecting other E. faecalis strains or other enterococci. Although the genome sequence of BC-611 resembled that of enterococcal bacteriophage SAP6, BC-611 was marked by its narrow host specificity.