Unknown

Dataset Information

0

ProBDNF Signaling Regulates Depression-Like Behaviors in Rodents under Chronic Stress.


ABSTRACT: Chronic exposure to stressful environment is a key risk factor contributing to the development of depression. However, the mechanisms involved in this process are still unclear. Brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) has long been investigated for its positive role in regulation of mood, although the role of its precursor, proBDNF, in regulation of mood is not known. In this study, using an unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) paradigm we found that the protein levels of proBDNF were increased in the neocortex and hippocampus of stressed mice and this UCMS-induced upregulation of proBDNF was abolished by chronic administration of fluoxetine. We then established a rat model of UCMS and found that the expression of proBDNF/p75NTR/sortilin was upregulated, whereas the expression of mature BDNF and TrkB was downregulated in both neocortex and hippocampus of chronically stressed rats. Finally, we found that the injection of anti-proBDNF antibody via intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) and intraperitoneal (i.p.) approaches into the UCMS rats significantly reversed the stress-induced depression-like behavior and restored the exploratory activity and spine growth. Although intramuscular injection of AAV-proBDNF did not exacerbate the UCMS-elicited rat mood-related behavioral or pathological abnormalities, i.c.v. injection of AAV-proBDNF increased the depression-like behavior in naive rats. Our findings suggest that proBDNF plays a role in the development of chronic stress-induced mood disturbances in rodents. Central (i.c.v.) or peripheral (i.p.) inhibition of proBDNF by injecting specific anti-proBDNF antibodies may provide a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of stress-related mood disorders.

SUBMITTER: Bai YY 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5061880 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7732982 | BioStudies
2009-01-01 | S-EPMC2669699 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6355684 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4509914 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3323718 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5802514 | BioStudies
2021-01-21 | MTBLS121 | MetaboLights
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3409774 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5822452 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4443946 | BioStudies