An Electron-Poor C64 Nanographene by Palladium-Catalyzed Cascade C-C Bond Formation: One-Pot Synthesis and Single-Crystal Structure Analysis.
ABSTRACT: Herein, we report the one-pot synthesis of an electron-poor nanographene containing dicarboximide groups at the corners. We efficiently combined palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling and dehydrohalogenation to synthesize an extended two-dimensional ?-scaffold of defined size in a single chemical operation starting from N-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-4,5-dibromo-1,8-naphthalimide and a tetrasubstituted pyrene boronic acid ester as readily accessible starting materials. The reaction of these precursors under the conditions commonly used for Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling afforded a C64 nanographene through the formation of ten C-C bonds in a one-pot process. Single-crystal X-ray analysis unequivocally confirmed the structure of this unique extended aromatic molecule with a planar geometry. The optical and electrochemical properties of this largest ever synthesized planar electron-poor nanographene skeleton were also analyzed.
Project description:The regioselective ten-fold borylation of warped nanographene (WNG: C<sub>80</sub>H<sub>30</sub>) was achieved by modifying the reaction conditions of a previously reported Ir-catalyzed C-H borylation, affording decaborylated WNG in high yield (75%) from pristine WNG. The solid-state structure of decaborylated WNG was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Corresponding decaarylated WNGs containing electron-withdrawing and -donating groups were synthesized from decaborylated WNG using Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions to afford the red-emissive warped nanographene derivative.
Project description:A novel method for the synthesis of trisubstituted oxazoles via a one-pot oxazole synthesis/Suzuki-Miyaura coupling sequence has been developed. One-pot formation of 5-(triazinyloxy)oxazoles using carboxylic acids, amino acids and a dehydrative condensing reagent, DMT-MM, followed by Ni-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling with boronic acids provided the corresponding 2,4,5-trisubstituted oxazoles in good yields.
Project description:Conditions for the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling of lithium triisopropyl borates are reported, as well as a procedure for a one-pot lithiation, borylation, and subsequent Suzuki-Miyaura coupling of various heterocycles with aryl halides. These borate species are much more stable toward protodeboronation than the corresponding boronic acids and can conveniently be stored on benchtop at room temperature.
Project description:A one-pot regioselective bis-Suzuki-Miyaura or Suzuki-Miyaura/Sonogashira reaction on 2,4-dibromo-1-methyl-5-nitro-1<i>H</i>-imidazole under microwave heating was developed. This method is applicable to a wide range of (hetero)arylboronic acids and terminal alkynes. Additionally, this approach provides a simple and efficient way to synthesize 2,4-disubstituted 5-nitroimidazole derivatives with antibacterial and antiparasitic properties.
Project description:The synthesis of porous nanographenes is a challenging task for solution chemistry, and thus, on-surface synthesis provides an alternative approach. Here, we report the synthesis of a triporous nanographene with 102 sp2 carbon atoms by combining solution and surface chemistry. The carbon skeleton was obtained by Pd-catalyzed cyclotrimerization of arynes in solution, while planarization of the molecule was achieved through two hierarchically organized on-surface cyclodehydrogenation reactions, intra- and inter-blade. Remarkably, the three non-planar annulene pores of this nanographene further evolved at higher temperatures showing interesting intra-porous on-surface reactivity.
Project description:Potassium Boc-protected aminomethyltrifluoroborate, a primary aminomethyl equivalent, was synthesized successfully through a "one-pot" process. With this trifluoroborate, Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions were investigated with a variety of both aryl and hetaryl chlorides in good to excellent yields.
Project description:The Ullmann homocoupling of 2-bromo-perylene diimides (PDIs) gave [2,2'-biperylene]-3,4:9,10:3',4':9',10'-tetrakis(dicarboximide)s, 2,2'-bi(PDI)s, and the Suzuki coupling of a PDI-2-boronic ester and a 1-bromo-PDI gave a [1,2'-biperylene]-3,4:9,10:3',4':9',10'-tetrakis(dicarboximide), 1,2'-bi(PDI). These were compared with [1,1'-biperylene]-3,4:9,10:3',4':9',10'-tetrakis(dicarboximide)s, 1,1'-bi(PDI)s. Solution absorption spectra suggest that the PDIs in 2,2'-bi(PDI)s are more planar and less strongly coupled than those in 1,1'-bi(PDI)s, which is consistent with density functional theory calculations. 2,2'-Bi(PDI)s are less easily reduced than 1,1'- and 1,2'-bi(PDI)s by ca. 70-90 mV. Bulk heterojunction organic solar cells incorporating a 2,2'-bi(PDI) acceptor behaved similarly to those employing its 1,1'-bi(PDI) analogue.
Project description:A flexible and divergent synthesis of cryptophycin unit A analogues is described. This method relies on iridium-catalysed stereo- and enantioselective crotylation and chemoselective one-pot oxidative olefination to access common intermediate . Heck, cross metathesis, and Suzuki-Miyaura reactions are illustrated for the generation of methyl ester unit A analogues .
Project description:Based on consecutive one-pot conditions combining three palladium-catalyzed reactions (Sonogashira, Heck and Suzuki-Miyaura reactions), a more efficient domino multicomponent method has been successfully developed to access a wide variety of 3-(diarylmethylene)oxindoles. Microwave irradiation and use of a silver salt were the most important factors to achieve high yields and stereoselectivity.
Project description:Ruthenium(0) catalyzed diol-diene benzannulation is applied to the conversion of oligo(p-phenylene vinylenes) 2a-c, 5 and 6 to alternating oligo(o,p-phenylenes) 10a-c, 11-13. Orthogonality with respect to conventional palladium catalyzed biaryl cross-coupling permits construction of p-bromo-terminated alternating oligo(o,p-phenylenes) 10b, 11-13, which can be engaged in Suzuki cross-coupling and Scholl oxidation. In this way, structurally homogeneous nanographenes 16a-f are prepared. Nanographene 16a, which incorporates 14 fused benzene rings, was characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. In a similar fashion, p-bromo-terminated oligo(p-phenylene ethane diol) 9, which contains a 1,3,5-trisubstituted benzene core, is converted to the soluble, structurally homogeneous hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene 18. A benzothiophene-terminated pentamer 10c was prepared and subjected to Scholl oxidation to furnish the helical bis(benzothiophene)-fused picene derivative 14. The steady-state absorption and emission properties of nanographenes 14, 16a,b,d,e,h and 18 were characterized. These studies illustrate how orthogonality of ruthenium(0) catalyzed diol-diene benzannulation with respect to classical biaryl cross-coupling streamlines oligophenylene and nanographene construction.