Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Evidence for strong, widespread chlorine radical chemistry associated with pollution outflow from continental Asia.


ABSTRACT: The chlorine radical is a potent atmospheric oxidant, capable of perturbing tropospheric oxidative cycles normally controlled by the hydroxyl radical. Significantly faster reaction rates allow chlorine radicals to expedite oxidation of hydrocarbons, including methane, and in polluted environments, to enhance ozone production. Here we present evidence, from the CARIBIC airborne dataset, for extensive chlorine radical chemistry associated with Asian pollution outflow, from airborne observations made over the Malaysian Peninsula in winter. This region is known for persistent convection that regularly delivers surface air to higher altitudes and serves as a major transport pathway into the stratosphere. Oxidant ratios inferred from hydrocarbon relationships show that chlorine radicals were regionally more important than hydroxyl radicals for alkane oxidation and were also important for methane and alkene oxidation (>10%). Our observations reveal pollution-related chlorine chemistry that is both widespread and recurrent, and has implications for tropospheric oxidizing capacity, stratospheric composition and ozone chemistry.

SUBMITTER: Baker AK 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5109052 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7240937 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC7394122 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5547634 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC5880041 | BioStudies
2010-01-01 | S-EPMC2872403 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3568334 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7291037 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7646061 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6561255 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC7325730 | BioStudies