ABSTRACT: Shoulder arthroscopy offers a minimally invasive surgical approach to treat a variety of shoulder pathologies. The patient can be positioned in either the lateral decubitus or the beach chair position. This note and accompanying video describe the operating room setup for shoulder arthroscopy in the lateral decubitus position, including positioning of the arms, head, and sterile preparation and draping. Appropriate lateral decubitus positioning for shoulder arthroscopy with careful attention to detail will promote ease of surgical intervention and minimize complications.
Project description:The lateral decubitus position shoulder arthroscopy requires traction for positioning, as well as distraction. We describe a cost-effective lateral decubitus traction assembly for shoulder arthroscopy.
Project description:Arthroscopic shoulder surgery can be performed in both the beach chair and lateral decubitus positions. The lateral decubitus position allows for excellent exposure to all aspects of the glenohumeral joint and is therefore frequently employed in procedures such as stabilization, in which extensive visualization of the inferior and posterior aspects of the joint is required. Improved visualization is imparted due to applied lateral and axial traction on the operative arm, which increases the glenohumeral joint space. To perform arthroscopy surgery in the lateral decubitus position successfully, meticulous care during patient positioning and setup must be taken. In this Technical Note, we describe the steps required to safely, efficiently, and reproducibly perform arthroscopic shoulder surgery in the lateral decubitus position.
Project description:Two standard patient positions for shoulder arthroscopy are the beach-chair and lateral decubitus positions. Both positions have advantages and disadvantages in many aspects. Surgeons choose the position based on their preferences, mainly the orientation of the anatomy. If an operation needs to be converted to an open procedure, a patient who is placed in the lateral decubitus position might need to undergo repositioning and re-draping, which result in extending the operative time and increasing the risk of infection. For this circumstance, the modified semilateral decubitus position offers the same advantages as the lateral decubitus position and can be adjusted to achieve a more upright position similar to the beach-chair position.
Project description:Shoulder arthroscopy is an orthopaedic procedure that has grown significantly in popularity over the last 40 years. The 2 principle patient positions during shoulder arthroscopy include the beach chair position and lateral decubitus position. This Technical Note details the operating room setup for shoulder arthroscopy in the beach chair position. Proper positioning for this procedure will minimize potential complications and facilitate ease of surgical intervention.
Project description:In recent years, arthroscopy has gained popularity as a preferred treatment of a multitude of pathologies affecting the elbow. Since its initial description in 1985, many modifications have been made as our knowledge and technology have advanced. Currently, the majority of arthroscopic procedures are performed in either the lateral decubitus or supine suspended position. In this work, we discuss the history, patient positioning, and key steps for performing elbow arthroscopy in the lateral decubitus position. In addition to key steps, a number of strengths and limitations of this set up are discussed in detail. When properly executed, elbow arthroscopy can be performed in a safe and efficient manner with minimal risk to patients.
Project description:Shoulder arthroscopy is traditionally performed with the patient in either the beach chair position or the lateral decubitus position. Each position has its advantages and disadvantages. The main topics for consideration include ease of surgery, view into the surgical field, risks to the patient, and economics of the setup. In the lateral decubitus position, it is inconvenient to work through the anterior portal and it is difficult to convert to an open procedure. In the beach chair position, it is difficult to manage the airway and cerebral oxygenation and the patient's head and the beach chair frame obstruct the insertion of a scope into the superior and posterior portals. This technical note presents the supine position for shoulder arthroscopic surgery. The supine position does not have the disadvantages of the traditional positions. In addition, it is comparatively easy to set up and comfortable for the patient.
Project description:Arthroscopic shoulder surgery can be performed in both the beach chair and lateral decubitus positions. The beach chair position is a reliable, safe, and effective position to perform nearly all types of shoulder arthroscopic procedures. The advantages of the beach chair position include the ease of setup, limited brachial plexus stress, increased glenohumeral and subacromial visualization, anesthesia flexibility, and the ability to easily convert to an open procedure. This position is most commonly used for rotator cuff repair, subacromial decompression, and superior labrum anterior-to-posterior repair procedures. To perform arthroscopy surgery in the beach chair position successfully, meticulous care during patient positioning and setup must be taken. In this Technical Note, we describe the necessary steps to safely and efficiently prepare patients in the beach chair position for arthroscopic shoulder surgery.
Project description:Shoulder arthroscopy is the second most common orthopaedic procedure. Diagnostic arthroscopy of the shoulder requires an efficient and reproducible technique. In this Technical Note, we describe a step-wise approach to diagnostic arthroscopy of the shoulder. This technique is performed using a posterior viewing portal. It can be performed from the beach chair or the lateral decubitus position. This technique uses a 2-circle approach: the surgeon first evaluates the glenoid aspect of the joint space, followed by the humeral aspect of the joint space. This method ensures a complete and consistent evaluation of the glenohumeral joint.
Project description:Knee arthroscopy is an important diagnostic and therapeutic tool in the management of disorders of the knee. In a series of 4 articles, the basics of knee arthroscopy are reviewed. In this article (part 1), patient positioning, tourniquet placement, and draping are reviewed. Meticulous attention to these details allows surgical access to the compartments of the knee. A circumferential leg holder or a lateral post allows the application of varus and valgus forces to open the medial and lateral compartments of the knee.
Project description:An inexpensive and radiolucent elbow can be built with a PVC pipe available at any home center or hardware store for less than $25 that allows elbow arthroscopy or open elbow surgery such as open reductions and internal fixation to be performed in the prone, "sloppy" lateral, or decubitus position.