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Chronic HIV-1 Infection Impairs Superantigen-Induced Activation of Peripheral CD4+CXCR5+PD-1+ Cells, With Relative Preservation of Recall Antigen-Specific Responses.

ABSTRACT: Peripheral CD4+CXCR5+PD-1+ T cells are a putative circulating counterpart to germinal center T follicular helper (TFH) cells. They show both phenotypic and functional similarities to TFH cells, which provide necessary help for the differentiation of B cells to antibody-secreting plasmablasts. In this study, we evaluated the frequency, phenotypes, and responses of peripheral TFH-like (pTFH) cells to superantigen and recall antigen stimulation in 10 healthy and 34 chronically infected treatment-naive HIV-1+ individuals. There was no difference in the frequency of pTFH cells between HIV+ and HIV- individuals. Surface expression of ICOS, but not CD40L, was higher on pTFH cells at baseline in HIV+ individuals. Compared with HIV- individuals, pTFH cells from HIV+ individuals had decreased maximal expression of ICOS and CD40L in response to in vitro superantigen stimulation. This decreased response did not correlate with viral control, CD4 T-cell count, duration of infection, or the degree of neutralizing antibody breadth. Despite a decreased maximal response, pTFH responses to HIV Gag and tetanus toxoid recall antigens were preserved.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5140753 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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