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Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Supplementation: Mechanism and Current Evidence in Atrial Fibrillation.

ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent arrhythmia and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Available pharmacologic antiarrhythmic therapies are often ineffective in preventing the recurrence of AF, possibly because these drugs target a single pathophysiological mechanism. Given their beneficial effects on ventricular arrhythmias, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have recently been investigated as possible candidates in the treatment of supraventricular arrhythmias. In this review, we explore the current understanding of the antiarrhythmic effects attributed to n-3 PUFAs including direct modulation of ionic channels, improvement of membrane fluidity, anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects, and modulation of sympatho-vagal balance. We will then focus on the results of epidemiologic studies exploring the associations between nutritional intake of n3 PUFAs and the incidence of AF, and will review the findings of the clinical trials investigating the effects of n-3 PUFAs supplementation in the prophylaxis of AF and in the prevention of its recurrences.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5153161 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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