NEAT1 upregulates EGCG-induced CTR1 to enhance cisplatin sensitivity in lung cancer cells.
ABSTRACT: Platinum-based drugs are the firstline of treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but resistance to these drugs is a major obstacle to effective chemotherapy. Our previous study revealed that the green tea polyphenol, EGCG, induced cisplatin transporter CTR1 (copper transporter 1) and enhanced cisplatin sensitivity in ovarian cancer. In this study, we found that EGCG upregulated CTR1 and increased platinum accumulation in NSCLC (A549, H460 and H1299) cells, cDDP-resistant A549 cells and a nude mouse xenograft model. Cisplatin-induced inhibition of cell growth was enhanced by EGCG treatment in vitro and in vivo. MicroRNA hsa-mir-98-5p appears to suppress CTR1 gene expression, while long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) appears to enhance it. Bioinformatics analysis showed that hsa-mir-98-5p has specific complementary binding sites for NEAT1. In addition, hsa-mir-98-5p was predicted to be a putative CTR1 target. NEAT1 may act as a competing endogenous lncRNA to upregulate EGCG-induced CTR1 by sponging hsa-mir-98-5p in NSCLC. Our findings reveal a novel mechanism how NEAT1 upregulates EGCG-induced CTR1 and enhances cisplatin sensitivity in vitro and in vivo, and suggest EGCG could serve as an effective adjuvant chemotherapeutic in lung cancer treatment.
Project description:Background:Long noncoding RNAs play essential roles in regulating drug resistance in cancers. However, how and whether lncRNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) could mediate cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer remain poorly understood. Patients and Methods:Eighteen cisplatin-sensitive and 19 cisplatin-resistant patients with ovarian cancer were recruited. Cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells were used for this study. The expression levels of NEAT1, microRNA (miR)-770-5p and poly adenosine diphosphate-ribose polymerase 1 (PARP1) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or Western blot. Cisplatin resistance was assessed by the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of cisplatin, cell viability and apoptosis using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide, flow cytometry and Western blot, respectively. The target association between miR-770-5p and NEAT1 or PARP1 was investigated by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The xenograft model was used to investigate cisplatin resistance in vivo. Results:NEAT1 expression is elevated in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer tissues and cells. Knockdown of NEAT1 repressed cisplatin resistance by decreasing the IC50 of cisplatin, cell viability and increasing apoptosis. MiR-770-5p was bound to NEAT1 and PARP1 was confirmed as a target of miR-770-5p. MiR-770-5p inhibition or PARP1 restoration could abate the effect of NEAT1 silencing on cisplatin resistance in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Moreover, NEAT1 knockdown reduced PARP1 expression by increasing miR-770-5p. Interference of NEAT1 decreased xenograft tumor growth by regulating miR-770-5p and PARP1. Conclusion:Knockdown of NEAT1 inhibited cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer cells by up-regulating miR-770-5p and down-regulating PARP1, providing a new target for improving the efficacy of cisplatin-based therapy in ovarian cancer.
Project description:NEAT1 has been reported to affect cancer progression, which was subsequently confirmed in multiple cancers. Hsa-miRNA-335-5p (miR-335-5p) has recently been identified as an anticancer agent in various organs. However, the relationship between NEAT1 and miR-335-5p remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of NEAT1 and miR-335-5p on development of pancreatic cancer. The ectopic expression of miR-335-5p in pancreatic cancer cell lines significantly suppressed cell growth by inhibiting c-met. In addition, downregulating NEAT1 upregulates miR-335-5p. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the NEAT1/miR-335-5p/c-met axis plays a pivotal role in pancreatic cancer by regulating the proliferation, metastasis, and apoptosis of pancreatic cancer cells in vivo and in vitro.
Project description:Validation of biomarkers is essential to advance the translational process to clinical application. Although there exists an increasing number of reports on small non-coding RNAs (microRNAs) as minimally-invasive markers from blood, serum or plasma, just a limited number is verified in follow-up studies. We used qRT-PCR to evaluate a known miRNA signature measured from blood that allowed for separation between patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), COPD and healthy controls.From the data of our previous microarray studies we selected a panel of 235 miRNAs related to lung cancer and COPD. We observed a high concordance between the AUC values of our initial microarray screening and the qRT-PCR data (correlation of 0.704, p < 10-16). Overall, 90.3% of markers were successfully validated. Among the top markers that were concordant between both studies we found hsa-miR-20b-5p, hsa-miR-20a-5p, hsa-miR-17-5p, and hsa-miR-106a-5p. The qRT-PCR analysis also confirmed that non-small cell lung cancer patients could be accurately differentiated from unaffected controls: a subset of five markers was sufficient to separate NSCLC patients from unaffected controls with accuracy of 94.5% (specificity and sensitivity of 98% and 91%). Beyond differentiation from controls, we also succeeded in separating NSCLC patients from patients with COPD. MiRNAs that were identified as relevant for the separation between lung cancer and COPD by both qRT-PCR and the array-based studies included hsa-miR-26a-5p, hsa-miR-328-3p and hsa-miR-1224-3p. Although for differentiation between NSCLC patients from COPD patients more markers were required, still high accuracy rates were obtained (5 markers: 78.8%; 10 markers: 83.9%; 50 markers: 87.6%).
Project description:BACKGROUND: Two mature microRNAs (miRNAs), hsa-miR-125a-3p and hsa-miR-125a-5p (collectively referred to as hsa-miR-125a-3p/5p), are derived from 3' and 5' ends of pre-miR-125a, respectively. Although impaired regulation of hsa-miR-125a-5p has been observed in some tumors, the role of this miRNA in invasion and metastasis remains unclear, and few studies have examined the function of hsa-miR-125a-3p. In order to characterize the functions of hsa-miR-125a-3p/5p in invasion and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we investigated the relationships between hsa-miR-125a-3p/5p expression and lymph node metastasis in NSCLC tissues. We also explored the impact of expression of these miRNAs on invasive and migratory capabilities of lung cancer cells. METHODS: Expression of hsa-miR-125a-3p/5p in NSCLC tissues was explored using real-time PCR. The relationships between hsa-miR-125a-3p/5p expression and pathological stage or lymph node metastasis were assessed using the Spearman correlation test. For in vitro studies, lung cancer cells were transfected with sense and antisense 2'-O-methyl oligonucleotides for gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments. Transwell experiments were performed to evaluate cellular migration and invasion. RESULTS: Expression of hsa-miR-125a-3p/5p was lower in NSCLC tissues than in adjacent normal lung tissues (LAC). Furthermore, the results from the Spearman correlation test showed a negative relationship between hsa-miR-125a-3p expression and pathological stage or lymph node metastasis and an inverse relationship between hsa-miR-125a-5p expression and pathological stage or lymph node metastasis. In vitro gain-of-function experiments indicated that hsa-miR-125a-3p and hsa-miR-125a-5p function in an opposing manner, suppressing or enhancing cell migration and invasion in A549 and SPC-A-1 cell lines, respectively. These opposing functions were further validated by suppression of hsa-miR-125a-3p and hsa-miR-125a-5p expression in loss-of-function experiments. CONCLUSION: Hsa-miR-125a-3p and hsa-miR-125a-5p play distinct roles in regulation of invasive and metastatic capabilities of lung cancer cells, consistent with the opposing correlations between the expression of these miRNAs and lymph node metastasis in NSCLC. These results provide new insights into the roles of miR-125a family members in the development of NSCLC.
Project description:Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for more than 85% of lung cancer cases which cause most of cancer-related deaths globally. However, the results vary largely in different studies due to different platforms and sample sizes. Here, we aim to identify the key miRNAs in the carcinogenesis of NSCLC that might be potential biomarkers for this cancer.Meta-analysis was performed on miRNA profile using seven datasets of NSCLC studies. Furthermore, we predicted and investigated the functions of genes regulated by key miRNAs.Eleven key miRNAs were identified, including 2 significantly upregulated ones (hsa-miR-21-5p and hsa-miR-233-3p) and 9 downregulated ones (hsa-miR-126-3p, hsa-miR-133a-3p, hsa-miR-140-5p, hsa-miR-143-5p, hsa-miR-145-5p, hsa-miR-30a-5p, hsa-miR-30d-3p, hsa-miR-328-3pn, and hsa-miR-451). The functional enrichment analysis revealed that both up- and downregulated miRNAs were proportionally associated with regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter. According to transcription factor analysis, there were 65 (43.9%) transcription factors influenced by both up- and downregulated miRNAs.In this study, 11 meta-signature miRNAs, as well as their target genes and transcription factors, were found to play significant role in carcinogenesis of NSCLC. These target genes identified in our study may be profitable to diagnosis and prognostic prediction of NSCLC as biomarkers.
Project description:Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) has a poor prognosis due to its resistance to all conventional treatments. The long non‑coding RNA (lncRNA) nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) serves a critical role in cancer chemoresistance; however, whether NEAT1 is associated with chemoresistance of ATC remains unclear. In the present study, reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR assays were performed to detect the expression levels of NEAT1, microRNA (miR)‑9‑5p and sperm‑associated antigen 9 (SPAG9). Western blot analysis was conducted to assess the protein expression levels of p62, microtubule‑associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3B and SPAG9. Cell proliferation was detected using the Cell Counting kit‑8 assay, and cell apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry. Dual‑luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays were performed to verify the interaction between NEAT1 and miR‑9‑5p, or miR‑9‑5p and SPAG9. Furthermore, an animal model was used to investigate the regulatory effects of NEAT1 on cisplatin (DDP)‑resistance in tumors in vivo. The present results demonstrated that NEAT1 was upregulated in ATC tissues and cell lines, and NEAT1 silencing resulted in decreased DDP‑resistance of ATC cells. In addition, NEAT1 suppressed miR‑9‑5p expression by binding to miR‑9‑5p and SPAG9 was a direct target of miR‑9‑5p. miR‑9‑5p overexpression sensitized ATC cells to DDP. Notably, NEAT1 silencing exerted its inhibitory effect on DDP‑resistance of ATC via the miR‑9‑5p/SPAG9 axis in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that NEAT1 silencing ameliorated DDP‑resistance of ATC, at least in part by reducing miR‑9‑5p sponging and regulating SPAG5 expression; therefore, NEAT1 may be considered a potential therapeutic target of ATC.
Project description:Objective:Lung cancer has high incidence and mortality rate, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) takes up approximately 85% of lung cancer cases. This study is aimed to reveal miRNAs and genes involved in the mechanisms of NSCLC. Materials and Methods:In this retrospective study, GSE21933 (21 NSCLC samples and 21 normal samples), GSE27262 (25 NSCLC samples and 25 normal samples), GSE43458 (40 NSCLC samples and 30 normal samples) and GSE74706 (18 NSCLC samples and 18 normal samples) were searched from gene expression omnibus (GEO) database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened from the four microarray datasets using MetaDE package, and then conducted with functional annotation using DAVID tool. Afterwards, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and module analyses were carried out using Cytoscape software. Based on miR2Disease and Mirwalk2 databases, microRNAs (miRNAs)-DEG pairs were selected. Finally, Cytoscape software was applied to construct miRNA-DEG regulatory network. Results:Totally, 727 DEGs (382 up-regulated and 345 down-regulated) had the same expression trends in all of the four microarray datasets. In the PPI network, TP53 and FOS could interact with each other and they were among the top 10 nodes. Besides, five network modules were found. After construction of the miRNA-gene network, top 10 miRNAs (such as hsa-miR-16-5p, hsa-let-7b-5p, hsa-miR-15a-5p, hsa-miR-15b-5p, hsa-let-7a-5p and hsa-miR-34a- 5p) and genes (such as HMGA1, BTG2, SOD2 and TP53) were selected. Conclusion:These miRNAs and genes might contribute to the pathogenesis of NSCLC.
Project description:Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fibrotic interstitial lung disease with lesions confined to the lungs. To identify meaningful microRNA (miRNA) and gene modules related to the IPF progression, GSE32537 (RNA-sequencing data) and GSE32538 (miRNA-sequencing data) were downloaded and processed, and then weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was applied to construct gene co-expression networks and miRNA co-expression networks. GSE10667, GSE70866, and GSE27430 were used to make a reasonable validation for the results and evaluate the clinical significance of the genes and the miRNAs. Six hub genes (COL3A1, COL1A2, OGN, COL15A1, ASPN, and MXRA5) and seven hub miRNAs (hsa-let-7b-5p, hsa-miR-26a-5p, hsa-miR-25-3p, hsa-miR-29c-3p, hsa-let-7c-5p, hsa-miR-29b-3p, and hsa-miR-26b-5p) were clarified and validated. Meanwhile, iteration network of hub miRNAs-hub genes was constructed, and the emerging role of the network being involved in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was also analyzed by several webtools. The expression levels of hub genes were different between normal lung tissues and NSCLC tissues. Six genes (COL3A1, COL1A2, OGN, COL15A1, ASPN, and MXRA5) and three miRNAs (hsa-miR-29c-3p, hsa-let-7c-5p, and hsa-miR-29b-3p) were related to the survival time of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). The interaction network of hub miRNAs-hub genes might provide common mechanisms involving in IPF and NSCLC. More importantly, useful clues were provided for clinical treatment of both diseases based on novel molecular advances.
Project description:Recently, the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NEAT1 has been identified as an oncogenic gene in multiple cancer types and elevated expression of NEAT1 was tightly linked to tumorigenesis and cancer progression. However, the molecular basis for this observation has not been characterized in progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In our studies, we identified NEAT1 was highly expressed in patients with NSCLC and was a novel regulator of NSCLC progression. Patients whose tumors had high NEAT1 expression had a shorter overall survival than patients whose tumors had low NEAT1 expression. Further, NEAT1 significantly accelerates NSCLC cell growth and metastasis in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Additionally, by using bioinformatics study and RNA pull down combined with luciferase reporter assays, we demonstrated that NEAT1 functioned as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for hsa-miR-377-3p, antagonized its functions and led to the de-repression of its endogenous targets E2F3, which was a core oncogene in promoting NSCLC progression. Taken together, these observations imply that the NEAT1 modulated the expression of E2F3 gene by acting as a ceRNA, which may build up the missing link between the regulatory miRNA network and NSCLC progression.
Project description:Cisplatin resistance is the main cause of treatment failure in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Autophagy is a key mechanism of resistance to chemotherapy. Given that tripartite motif (TRIM)-containing proteins are involved in the regulation of autophagy and chemoresistance, we aimed to study the functions of TRIM protein members in autophagy-mediated chemoresistance of NSCLC. We found that TRIM65 was significantly increased in cisplatin-resistant NSCLC cell line (A549/DDP) as compared to the parental cell line (A549). Knockdown of TRIM65 can enhance cisplatin-induced apoptosis and inhibit autophagy in A549/DDP cells, as indicated by Annexin V/PI staining, caspase3 activity test, and LC3-II immunofluorescence staining. Additionally, knockdown of TRIM65 significantly decreased the expression of an important autophagy mediator, ATG7, which was a potential target of miR-138-5p. miR-138-5p inhibitor significantly abolished the effects of TRIM65 knockdown on autophagy and cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Moreover, TRIM65 induced the ubiquitination and degradation of TNRC6A, resulting in the suppressed expression of miR-138-5p. TRIM65 knockdown inhibited the growth of tumors derived from A549/DDP cells. Furthermore, cisplatin-resistant NSCLC tissues displayed higher expression of TRIM65 mRNA and lower expression of miR-138-5p as compared to cisplatin non-resistant ones. miR-138-5p expression was negatively correlated with TRIM65 mRNA in NSCLC tissues. Collectively, the present study indicates that TRIM65 knockdown attenuates autophagy and cisplatin resistance in A549/DDP cells via regulating miR-138-5p.