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Multimodal MRI features predict isocitrate dehydrogenase genotype in high-grade gliomas.


ABSTRACT: High-grade gliomas with mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) gene family confer longer overall survival relative to their IDH-wild-type counterparts. Accurate determination of the IDH genotype preoperatively may have both prognostic and diagnostic value. The current study used a machine-learning algorithm to generate a model predictive of IDH genotype in high-grade gliomas based on clinical variables and multimodal features extracted from conventional MRI.Preoperative MRIs were obtained for 120 patients with primary grades III (n = 35) and IV (n = 85) glioma in this retrospective study. IDH genotype was confirmed for grade III (32/35, 91%) and IV (22/85, 26%) tumors by immunohistochemistry, spectrometry-based mutation genotyping (OncoMap), or multiplex exome sequencing (OncoPanel). IDH1 and IDH2 mutations were mutually exclusive, and all mutated tumors were collapsed into one IDH-mutated cohort. Cases were randomly assigned to either the training (n = 90) or validation cohort (n = 30). A total of 2970 imaging features were extracted from pre- and postcontrast T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and apparent diffusion coefficient map. Using a random forest algorithm, nonredundant features were integrated with clinical data to generate a model predictive of IDH genotype.Our model achieved accuracies of 86% (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.8830) in the training cohort and 89% (AUC = 0.9231) in the validation cohort. Features with the highest predictive value included patient age as well as parametric intensity, texture, and shape features.Using a machine-learning algorithm, we achieved accurate prediction of IDH genotype in high-grade gliomas with preoperative clinical and MRI features.

SUBMITTER: Zhang B 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5193019 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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