Dataset Information


Facilitators and Barriers of Smokers' Compliance with Smoking Bans in Public Places: A Systematic Review of Quantitative and Qualitative Literature.

ABSTRACT: Background: Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is associated with an increased risk of many diseases. Many countries have ratified a national smoking ban in public places, but studies on factors related to smoking issues in public places post-ban are lacking. Aim: To identify facilitators and barriers that influenced smokers' compliance with smoking bans in public places. Methods: Using PubMed, MEDLINE, and the Web of Science database, we conducted a systematic search of English articles published before June 2015 on factors of smokers' compliance with the smoking bans in public places. Results: A total of 390 references were identified, among which seventeen articles (twelve quantitative studies, two qualitative studies, three mixed-method studies) were included in this review. These studies focused on four types of public places including recreational venues (n = 7), hospital (n = 5), school (n = 4), and workplace (n = 1). Factors at the  individual-, interpersonal-, and organizational-level were identified: at the individual level, nicotine dependence, insufficiency of tobacco-related knowledge, and the negative attitudes towards smoking bans were the most commonly identified barriers; at the interpersonal level, the smoking behaviors of people around, close relatives, and friends' approval were the main barriers; and at the organizational level, the main barriers were inefficient implementation of the bans and the inconvenience of the designative smoking areas. Conclusions: This synthesis of the literature provided evidence of the identified barriers and facilitators of smokers' compliance with the smoking bans. It will be beneficial for the policy-maker to consider interventions on multiple levels of factors to overcome the barriers and enhance smokers' compliance with the smoking bans in public places.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5201369 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6701818 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3064640 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3641418 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC27448 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3189890 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3924468 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC9280868 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC5896819 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC8458322 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3982281 | BioStudies