HMGB1 overexpression as a prognostic factor for survival in cancer: a meta-analysis and systematic review.
ABSTRACT: As there are millions of cancer deaths every year, it is of great value to identify applicable prognostic biomarkers. As an important alarm, the prognostic role of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in cancer remains controversial. We aim to assess the association of HMGB1 expression with prognosis in cancer patients. Systematic literature searches of PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases were performed for eligible studies of HMGB1 as prognostic factor in cancer. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the influence of HMGB1 expression on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in cancer patients. 18 studies involving 11 different tumor types were included in meta-analysis. HMGB1 overexpression was significantly associated with poorer OS (HR: 1.99; 95% CI, 1.71-2.31) and PFS (HR: 2.26; 95% CI, 1.65-3.10) irrespective of cancer types including gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma, esophageal cancer, malignant pleural mesothelioma, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and cervical carcinoma. Subgroup analyses indicated geographical area and size of studies did not affect the prognostic effects of HMGB1 for OS. Morever, HMGB1 overexpression had a consistent correlation with poorer OS when detected by immunohistochemistry in tissues and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in serum, whereas the correlation did not exist by quantitative real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction in tissues. HMGB1 overexpression is associated with poorer prognosis in patients with various types of cancer, suggesting that it is a prognostic factor and potential biomarker for survival in cancer.
Project description:An increasing number of studies have examined the ability of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) to function as a marker for tumor prognosis. However, whether PD-L1 expression is a prognostic factor for the poor outcomes in many human cancers remains controversial. This study aims to investigate the prognostic role of PD-L1 expression through a meta-analysis update of 60 studies.The studies were identified by searching PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library, and were assessed by further quality evaluation. The pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for total and stratified analyses were calculated to investigate the association between the PD-L1 expression and the overall (OS) and disease-free (DFS) or progression-free survivals (PFS) of cancer patients. Heterogeneity and publication bias were also investigated.The results indicated that PD-L1 overexpression can predict a poor OS (HR?=?1.58, 95% CI?=?1.38-1.81, P?<.000) and DFS/PFS (HR?=?1.72, 95% CI?=?1.26-2.33, P?=?.001). Subgroup analyses showed that PD-L1 overexpression was significantly related to the poor OS in patients with breast (HR?=?1.98, 95% CI?=?1.15-3.41, P?=?.014), urothelial (HR?=?2.24, 95% CI?=?1.61-3.12, P?<.000), renal (HR?=?3.30, 95% CI?=?2.23-4.86, P?<.000), and gastric cancers (HR?=?1.56, 95% CI?=?1.02-2.37, P?=?.040). Furthermore, PD-L1 overexpresion was significantly associated with poor DFS/PFS in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (HR?=?1.72, 95% CI?=?1.21-2.46, P?=?.003), melanoma (HR?=?3.39, 95% CI?=?2.02-5.69, P?<.000), and renal carcinoma, (HR?=?5.04, 95% CI?=?2.87-8.86, P?<.000). The adverse prognostic impact of PD-L1 was observed in patients of different ethnicities.The findings of this meta-analysis suggest the correlation of PD-L1 overexpression with worse OS in patients with solid tumors. However, the correlations differed according to tumor types.
Project description:The expression level and clinical significance of NR4A1 are presently unknown in the non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). This study aimed to explore the expression, prognostic value, and function of NR4A1 in NSCLC.Clinicopathological parameters of 167 NSCLC patients who received radical surgery from January 2007 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The NR4A1 expression in NSCLC tumors and the adjacent matched para-carcinoma specimens were examined, and the association between NR4A1 expression and clinical variables was explored. Cell viability assay, and transwell migration and invasion assays were used to access the function of NR4A1 in NSCLC. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression were performed to investigate the prognostic significance of NR4A1 for NSCLC.NR4A1 was overexpressed in NSCLC tissues compared with the para-carcinoma specimens. Consistently, Oncomine analysis showed that NR4A1 was overexpressed in NSCLC tissues compared with normal tissues in published datasets (P < 0.001). The elevated NR4A1 expression was associated with carcinoma recurrence (P < 0.05). The 5-year median overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) were significantly poorer in the NR4A1-overexpression group. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that NR4A1 overexpression was an independent factor for OS (HR, 95%CI: P < 0.05) and PFS (HR, 95%CI: P < 0.05) in NSCLC. Moreover, knockdown of NR4A1 significantly reduced NSCLC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion.NR4A1 exhibits a tumor-promoting effect on NSCLC, and might serve as a promising prognostic biomarker and a therapeutic target for NSCLC.
Project description:C-X-C chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is frequently over-expressed in various types of cancer; many agents against CXCR4 are in clinical development currently despite variable data for the prognostic impact of CXCR4 expression. Here eighty-five studies with a total of 11,032 subjects were included to explore the association between CXCR4 and progression-free survival (PFS) or overall survival (OS) in subjects with cancer. Pooled analysis shows that CXCR4 over-expression is significantly associated with poorer PFS (HR 2.04; 95% CI, 1.72-2.42) and OS (HR=1.94; 95% CI, 1.71-2.20) irrespective of cancer types. Subgroup analysis indicates significant association between CXCR4 and shorter PFS in hematological malignancy, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, renal cancer, gynecologic cancer, pancreatic cancer and liver cancer; the prognostic effects remained consistent across age, risk of bias, levels of adjustment, median follow-up period, geographical area, detection methods, publication year and size of studies. CXCR4 over-expression predicts unfavorable OS in hematological malignancy, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, head and neck cancer, renal cancer, lung cancer, gynecologic cancer, liver cancer, prostate cancer and gallbladder cancer; these effects were independence of age, levels of adjustment, publication year, detection methods and follow-up period. In conclusion, CXCR4 over-expression is associated with poor prognosis in cancer.
Project description:Purpose: Accumulative studies suggest the Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS) to be potential biomarkers; however, their prognostic value remains debatable. Our meta-analysis focused on assessing the accurate prognostic value of GPS and mGPS in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in addition to their effectiveness. Methods: To investigate the relationship between mGPS/GPS and prognostic value in patients with RCC, we performed a comprehensive retrieval of relevant articles from databases such as PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Medline up to February 1, 2020. STATA 15.0 software was used to obtain pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% confidence intervals for survival outcome, including overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS). A formal meta-analysis of these outcomes was performed. Results: In total, 2,691 patients with RCC were enrolled from 15 cohort studies. Higher GPS/mGPS (GPS/mGPS of 2) indicated poorer OS, CSS, PFS, and RFS in patients with RCC. Similarly, medium GPS/mGPS (GPS/mGPS of 1) also had a significant association with poorer OS, CSS, PFS, and RFS but superior than higher GPS/mGPS in these patients. Conclusion: GPS and mGPS are effective biomarkers for predicting prognosis in patients with RCC, and higher GPS and mGPS are closely related to inferior survival outcomes. More randomized controlled trials are needed to investigate the promising value of GPS/mGPS in the future.
Project description:To investigate the prognostic value of leukocyte and neutrophil count as biomarkers in patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) undergoing exclusive chemoradiation.A total of 126 patients were identified. Respectively, 33% and 35% displayed baseline leukocytosis and neutrophilia. Estimated 3-year OS and PFS from chemoradiation completion were 31% and 25%, respectively. In univariate analysis, both leukocytosis and neutrophilia were associated with worse OS, PFS, and LRC (p < 0.01). In multivariate analysis, leukocytosis remained an independent risk factor associated with poorer OS, PFS and LRC (p < 0.05), independently from tumor stage and length, with higher prognostic value for OS compared with patients' performance status (PS).Bi-institutional clinical records from consecutive non-operable patients treated between 2003 and 2015 with definitive chemoradiation for locally advanced esophageal carcinoma were reviewed. Leukocytosis and neutrophilia were defined as a leukocyte or neutrophil count over 10 G/L and 7 G/L, respectively. These parameters were studied for their potential correlation with overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), locoregional control (LRC) and distant metastases control (DMC).Leukocytosis and neutrophilia were independent prognostic factors of poor OS, PFS, and LRC in this bi-institutional series of locally advanced esophageal SCC treated with definitive chemoradiation. Although prospective confirmation is warranted, it is suggested that the leukocyte and neutrophil count parameters might be clinically relevant biomarkers to be considered for further clinical investigations.
Project description:Serum levels of C-reactive protein are (CRP) higher in patients with neoplastic conditions and numerous studies have been performed to clarify the etiologic and prognostic role of the high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) in cancer. Our study was conducted on patients enrolled in the prospective randomized "Italian Trial in Advanced Colorectal Cancer (ITACa)" to assess hs-CRP levels and their impact on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Serum samples from 132 ITACa patients were collected at baseline and 2 months after starting first-line chemotherapy. The supernatant was immediately transferred to cryovials and stored at -80°C. After thawing, hs-CRP was measured with the Cobas c501 analyzer. High levels of hs-CRP (? 13.1 mg/L) were associated with poorer median PFS (p < 0.0001) and OS (p < 0.0001) than low hs-CRP levels (< 13.1 mg/L). hs-CRP values in 107 patients were evaluated again after 2 months of therapy, revealing that patients with low hs-CRP levels in both baseline and second serum samples had the best median PFS and OS. Our study confirms the prognostic value of hs-CRP in patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma.
Project description:Recently, numerous studies have reported that hexokinase-2 (HK2) is aberrantly expressed in cancer, indicating that HK2 plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of cancer. However, its prognostic significance in solid tumor remains unclear. Accordingly, we performed a meta-analysis to assess the prognostic value of HK2 in solid tumor.Eligible studies were identified using PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS)/disease-free survival (DFS)/relapse-free survival (RFS) were estimated with random effects or fixed effects models, respectively. Subgroup analysis was also performed according to patients' ethnicities, tumor types, detection methods, and analysis types.Data from 21 included studies with 2532 patients were summarized. HK2 overexpression was significantly associated with worse OS (pooled HR = 1.90, 95% CI = 1.51-2.38, p < 0.001) and PFS (pooled HR = 2.91, 95% CI = 2.02-4.22, p < 0.001) in solid tumor. As to a specific form of cancer, the negative effect of HK2 on OS was observed in hepatocellular carcinoma (pooled HR = 2.06, 95% CI = 1.67-2.54, p < 0.001), gastric cancer (pooled HR = 1.72, 95% CI = 1.09-2.71, p = 0.020), colorectal cancer (pooled HR = 2.89, 95% CI = 1.62-5.16, p < 0.001), but not in pancreatic cancer (pooled HR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.28-4.66, p = 0.864). No publication bias was found in the included studies for OS (Begg's test, p = 0.325; Egger's test, p = 0.441).In this meta-analysis, we identified that elevated HK2 expression was significantly associated with shorter OS and PFS in patients with solid tumor, but the association varies according to cancer type.
Project description:Disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been postulated to seed metastases and contribute to poorer patient outcomes in many types of solid cancer. To date, no systematic reviews have examined the role of both DTCs and CTCs in pancreatic cancer. We aimed to determine the prognostic value of DTCs/CTCs in pancreatic cancer using a systematic review and meta-analysis.A comprehensive literature search identified studies examining DTCs and CTCs in the bone marrow and blood of pancreatic cancer patients at diagnosis with follow-up to determine disease-free/progression-free survival (DFS/PFS) and overall survival (OS). Statistical analyses were performed to determine the hazard ratio (HR) of DTCs/CTCs on DFS/PFS and OS.The literature search identified 16 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. The meta-analysis demonstrated statistically significant HR differences in DFS/PFS (HR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.19-3.11, P = 0.007) and OS (HR = 1.84, 95% CI 1.37-2.45, P =< 0.0001), indicating patients with detectable DTCs/CTCs at diagnosis have worse prognoses. Subgroup analyses suggested CTCs in the peripheral blood (HR =2.03) were more indicative of poor OS prognosis than DTCs in the bone marrow (HR = 1.91), although the difference between these was not statistically significant. Positivity of the CellSearch detection method for DTC/CTC had the highest correlation with decreased OS (HR = 2.79) while immunodetection (HR = 1.91) and RT-PCR (HR = 1.25) were less effective in determining prognosis.The detection of DTCs/CTCs at diagnosis is associated with poorer DFS/PFS and OS in pancreatic cancer.
Project description:Recent studies have highlighted the value of microRNA-21 (miR-21) as a prognostic biomarker in gliomas. However, the role of miR-21 in predicting prognosis remains controversial. We performed a comprehensive study based upon a meta-analysis and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) glioma dataset validation to clarify the prognostic significance of miR-21 in glioma patients. In this study, we searched Embase, PubMed, Web of science, CNKI, SinoMed, and Wanfang databases for records up to May 2018. Relevant data were extracted to assess the correlation between miR-21 expression and survival in glioma patients. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to describe association strength. We further used multivariate Cox regression analysis to assess miR-21 expression in the TCGA glioma dataset to validate the relationship between miR-21 expression and survival. Nine studies were included in the meta-analysis. Among them, eight studies provided data on overall survival (OS) with a pooled HR of 1.91 (95% CI: 1.34, 2.73), indicating that higher expression of miR-21 was significantly associated with worse OS in glioma patients; for the other study, which provided data on progression-free survival (PFS), no statistically significant HR was reported for PFS in the glioma patients (HR?=?1.23, 95% CI: 0.41, 3.72). A multivariate Cox regression analysis of the miR-21 expression in the TCGA glioma dataset revealed that overexpression of miR-21 was a potential independent prognostic biomarker of poorer OS (HR?=?1.27, 95% CI: 1.01, 1.59) and poorer PFS (HR?=?1.46, 95% CI: 1.17, 1.82). Our findings suggest that higher expression of miR-21 is correlated with poorer glioma prognosis.
Project description:To establish serum microRNA profiles as prognostic biomarkers in hepatocellular carcinoma patients (HCCs), we used deep sequencing to screen serum microRNAs in a discovery set .Twelve up-regulated serum miRNAs were selected for qPCR analysis in a training set. MiR-192-5p and miR-29a-3p were identified and associated with HCC prognosis. HCCs with high concentrations of miR-192-5p and miR-29a-3p had poorer overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) than those with low concentrations. We calculated a prognostic index (PI) score and classified patients into low-, medium- and high-risk groups. OS and PFS among the 3 groups from the training set were significantly different (all P < 0.05). PI (PIOS, PIPFS) score was the only independent prognostic predictor for OS and PFS of HCCs in the training set. These results were further confirmed in a validation set. In conclusion, differentially expressed serum miRNAs can be helpful for predicting survival in HCCs.