An Increase in Mean Platelet Volume/Platelet Count Ratio Is Associated with Vascular Access Failure in Hemodialysis Patients.
ABSTRACT: After stenosis of arteriovenous vascular access in hemodialysis patients, platelets play a crucial role in subsequent thrombus formation, leading to access failure. In a previous study, the mean platelet volume (MPV)/platelet count ratio, but not MPV alone, was shown to be an independent predictor of 4-year mortality after myocardial infarction. However, little is known about the potential influence of MPV/platelet count ratio on vascular access patency in hemodialysis patients. A total of 143 patients undergoing routine hemodialysis were recruited between January 2013 and February 2016. Vascular access failure (VAF) was defined as thrombosis or a decrease of greater than 50% of normal vessel diameter, requiring either surgical revision or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Cox proportional hazards model analysis ascertained that the change of MPV/platelet count ratio between baseline and 3 months [?(MPV/platelet count ratio)3mo-baseline] had prognostic value for VAF. Additionally, the changes of MPV/platelet count ratio over time were compared in patients with and without VAF by using linear mixed model analysis. Of the 143 patients, 38 (26.6%) were diagnosed with VAF. During a median follow-up of 26.9 months (interquartile range 13.0-36.0 months), ?(MPV/platelet count ratio)3mo-baseline significantly increased in patients with VAF compared to that in patients without VAF [11.6 (6.3-19.0) vs. 0.8 (-1.8-4.0), P< 0.001]. In multivariate analysis, ?(MPV/platelet ratio count)3mo-baseline was an independent predictor of VAF, after adjusting for age, sex, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, vascular access type, the presence of previous VAF, and antiplatelet drug use (hazard ratio, 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 1.10-1.21; P< 0.001). Moreover, a liner mixed model revealed that there was a significant increase of MPV/platelet count ratio over time in patients with VAF compared to those without VAF (P< 0.001). An increase in MPV/platelet count ratio over time was an independent risk factor for VAF. Therefore, continuous monitoring of the MPV/platelet count ratio may be useful to screen the risk of VAF in patients undergoing routine hemodialysis.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Vascular access (VA) is the lifeline of hemodialysis patients. Although the autonomic nervous system might be associated with VA failure (VAF), it has never been addressed in previous studies. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive values of the heart rate variability (HRV) indices for long-term VA outcomes. METHODS:This retrospective study was conducted using a prospectively established cohort enrolling 175 adult chronic hemodialysis patients (100 women, mean age 65.1 ± 12.9 years) from June 2010 to August 2010. Each participant received a series of HRV measurements at enrollment. After a 60-month follow-up period, we retrospectively reviewed all events and therapeutic procedures of the VAs which existed at the enrollment and during the follow-up period. RESULTS:During the 60-month follow-up period, 37 (26.8%) had VAF but 138 (73.2%) didn't. The values of most HRV indices were statistically increased during hemodialysis since initiation in the non-VAF group, but not in the VAF group. Among all participants, the independent indicators for VAF included higher normalized high-frequency (nHF) activity [hazard ratio (HR) 1.04, p = 0.005], lower low-frequency/high-frequency (LF/HF) ratio (HR 0.80, p = 0.015), experience of urokinase therapy (HR 11.18, p = 0.002), percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (HR 2.88, p = 0.003) and surgical thrombectomy (HR 2.36, p = 0.035), as well as higher baseline serum creatinine (HR 1.07, p = 0.027) and potassium level (HR 1.58, p = 0.037). In subgroup analysis, a lower sympathetic activity indicated by lower LF/HF ratio was an independent indicator for VAF (HR 0.61, p = 0.03) for tunneled cuffed catheter, but conversely played a protective role against VAF (HR 1.27, p = 0.002) for arteriovenous fistula. CONCLUSIONS:HRV is a useful tool for predicting long-term VAF among hemodialysis patients.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA), seen in adults, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the levels of mean platelet volume (MPV), mean platelet volume-to-platelet count ratio (MPVPCR), mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio (MPVLR), and red cell distribution width platelet count ratio (RDWPCR) in patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm. METHODS:105 patients admitted to the emergency department were diagnosed with thoracic aortic aneurysm between January and December 2014, and 100 healthy individuals were involved in this retrospective study. MPV, MPVLR, MPVPCR and RDWPCRs were calculated at the time of admission. RESULTS:Platelet and lymphocyte levels were found to be significantly lower in the patient group when compared to the healthy group (P<0.001, P<0.001, respectively), while MPV, MPVPCR, MPVLR and RDWPCR were found to be significantly higher (P<0.001, P<0.001, P<0.001, and P=0.013, respectively). In the patient group, the high-sensitivity C-reactive protein was significantly higher (P<0.001), and the neutrophil (P=0.062) was also higher. In ROC analysis, MPVPCR had the highest sensitivity (80%) and RDWPCR had the highest specificity (72%). CONCLUSION:The results for MPV, MPVPCR, MPVLR and RDWPCR can be evaluated as useful parameters in the emergency clinical approach in the evaluation of inflammatory activity in ATAA patients. More extensive studies are required to address the role of these parameters in determining the severity of the disease.
Project description:Activated platelets promote tumor cell growth, angiogenesis, and invasion. Platelet activity can be inferred by platelet volume indices (PVIs), which include platelet distribution width (PDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width-to-platelet count ratio (PDW/P), and mean platelet volume-to-platelet count ratio. Platelets and platelet-related markers, such as the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, have been found to be significant prognostic factors in patients with breast cancer. However, the role of PVIs for predicting survival in breast cancer remains unknown; hence, we performed this retrospective analysis of 275 patients with breast cancer. PVIs were compared with clinicopathological variables, and were assessed to identify independent indicators associated with disease-free survival (DFS) using the Cox proportional hazards model. An elevated PDW/P significantly correlated with age and HER2 status. Univariate analysis revealed that elevated PDW, MPV, and PDW/P as well as tumor size, nuclear grade, and lymph node involvement were significantly associated with inferior DFS rates (tumor size: p<0.01; nuclear grade, lymph node involvement, PDW, MPV, and PDW/P: p<0.05). On multivariate analysis, a large tumor size and elevated PDW/P were significant prognostic factors for DFS, with hazard ratios of 3.24 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.24-8.47) and 2.99 (95% CI: 1.18-7.57), respectively (p<0.05). Our study is the first to reveal that an elevated PDW/P significantly reduces DFS in patients with breast carcinoma. Measuring the PDW/P is simple, relatively inexpensive, and almost universally available using routine blood counts; this makes it an attractive biomarker for improved risk assessment.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Platelet count is known to be associated with sex, age and mean platelet volume (MPV). Sex and age were proposed for adjustment of platelet count reference intervals, but MPV is currently not used for further adjustment. We investigated the association of MPV, age and sex with platelet counts and established individualized reference ranges respecting MPV.<h4>Methods</h4>The association of platelet count with age, sex and MPV was assessed in healthy participants (n = 3,033 individuals; 1,542 women) in the cross-sectional population-based cohort Study of Health in Pomerania. Reference intervals respecting age, sex, and MPV were estimated using quantile regressions for the 2.5th and 97.5th percentile.<h4>Results</h4>Women had higher platelet counts than men (239 vs. 207 x109/L, p<0.001). Platelet counts correlated with age (p<0.001) and MPV (p<0.001). Quantile regression of lower and upper platelet count limits correlated less with age in female (p = 0.047 for 2.5th percentile; p = 0.906 for 97.5th percentile) and male subjects (p = 0.029 for 2.5th percentile; p = 0.195 for 97.5th percentile) compared to MPV (p<0.001 for upper and lower limit for both sexes). After adjustment for MPV, age did no longer correlate with the 2.5th (p = 0.165) or 97.5th percentile (p = 0.999) of platelet count. In contrast, after adjustment for age, MPV levels still significantly correlated with 2.5th, 50th and 97.5th percentile (p<0.001).<h4>Conclusion</h4>MPV and sex have a stronger association with platelet count than age. MPV should be considered to adjust platelet count reference intervals and needs to be respected as confounder for platelet counts in epidemiological studies and clinical practice.
Project description:Higher mean platelet volume (MPV) is an indicator of larger, reactive platelets, and has been associated with a higher risk of thrombosis and cardiovascular events in the general population. Hemodialysis patients have a higher risk for cardiovascular death and predisposition to platelet dysfunction (thrombosis and bleeding diathesis), but the relationship between MPV and mortality in this population is unknown.Among a 5-year cohort (1/2007-12/2011) of 149,118 incident hemodialysis patients from a large national dialysis organization, we examined the association between MPV and all-cause mortality. In primary analyses, we granularly analyzed MPV across five categories: 7.2-7.5, >7.5-9.5, >9.5-11.5, >11.5-13.5, and >13.5-15.0fL. In secondary analyses, we examined MPV categorized as low, normal, and high based on thresholds in the general population: 7.2-7.5, >7.5-11.5, and >11.5fL, respectively. Associations between baseline and time-dependent MPV with mortality were estimated using traditional and time-dependent Cox models in order to determine long-term and short-term exposure-mortality associations, respectively, using three adjustment levels: unadjusted, case-mix, and case-mix+laboratory models.In primary analyses, higher baseline and time-dependent MPV levels were associated with incrementally higher death risk in case-mix+laboratory analyses (reference: >9.5-11.5fL). In secondary analyses, high baseline and time-dependent MPV levels were associated with higher mortality, whereas low MPV was associated with lower death risk across all multivariable models (reference: normal MPV).Hemodialysis patients with higher MPV have heightened mortality risk. Further studies are needed to determine the pathophysiologic basis for the higher risk, and if modification of MPV ameliorates mortality in this population.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Mean platelet volume (MPV) to platelet count (PC) ratio (MPV/PC) is a useful indicator in several cancers. However, the role for MPV/PC ratio in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is still controversial.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective study was conducted including 277 resectable ESCC patients. The optimal cut-off values were calculated by the X-tile program. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were also created to show the candidate cut-off points. The comparisons between the X-tile plot and ROC curve were performed. The Kaplan-Meier method was utilized to analyze the cancer-specific survival (CSS). Prognostic factors for CSS were calculated with Cox regression univariate and multivariate analyses.<h4>Results</h4>According to the X-tile program, the cut-off values for MPV, PC and MPV/PC ratio were 8.5 (fl), 200 (giga/l) and 0.04, respectively. However, the cut-off values for MPV, PC and MPV/PC ratio by the ROC curves were 8.25 (fl), 243.5 (giga/l) and 0.0410, respectively. The cut-off values were similar between the X-tile and ROC curve. A low MPV/PC ratio level (?0.04) was associated with poor CSS (22.4% vs. 43.1%, <i>P</i> < 0.001). In multivariate analyses, we found that MPV/PC ratio was an independent predictor for CSS (<i>P</i> < 0.001). When we set the cut-off point using ROC curve, the MPV/PC ratio was still an independent predictor for CSS (<i>P</i> < 0.001).<h4>Conclusion</h4>The MPV/PC ratio is a useful predictive indicator in patients with ESCC.
Project description:OBJECTIVES:Activated platelets might play an important role in tumor progression. Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been used as a surrogate marker for platelet activation, and therefore its value as a marker of tumor prognosis has attracted recent attention. In this study, we aimed to critically evaluate the prognostic significance of the perioperative platelet count (COP), MPV and the MPV/COP ratio in head and neck cancer patients. Additionally, we explored the individual postoperative trajectory of these indices and their association with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). METHODS:We retrospectively evaluated 122 head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients receiving surgery with curative intent followed by postoperative radiotherapy. Platelet indices were measured preoperatively and on days 1 and 7 postoperatively. OS and DFS were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier estimators, the log-rank test and uni and multivariable Cox models. Cutoffs to dichotomize patients for Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests were empirically chosen at the respective median. The median follow-up was 8.8 years. RESULTS:The adjusted preoperative COP, MPV and MPV/COP ratio were not associated with disease outcome. A low postoperative COP and a high MPV/COP ratio on the first postoperative day were independently associated with worse OS and DFS. In comparison to the preoperative measurements, patients whose COP increased by day 1 post-op showed a better OS (hazard ratio (HR) per 50 G/L increase: 0.73, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.58-0.93, p = 0.013) and DFS (HR per 50 G/L increase: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.58-0.94, p = 0.018) in multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS:Our results suggest that a low postoperative COP and a high MPV/COP ratio represent a negative prognostic factor for OS and DFS. Notably, patients with an increase in COP by day 1 post-op when compared to their preoperative value showed a significantly better OS and DFS.
Project description:Mean platelet volume (MPV) has not yet been well-established in urinary tract infection (UTI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of MPV as an acute phase reactant in children with UTI. Data from 118 young children (<2 years) with UTI between 2012 and 2013 were grouped as acute pyelonephritis (APN) and lower UTI according to the dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan abnormalities. MPV, platelet distribution width (PDW) platelet count, and other infection markers (white blood cell [WBC] count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], and C-reactive protein [CRP]) were measured. WBC (P = 0.001), ESR (P = 0.005), CRP (P < 0.001) and MPV levels (P = 0.011) were significantly higher in the APN group than those in the lower UTI group. MPV positively correlated with PDW, CRP and negatively with platelet count. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that CRP and MPV were independent predictive factors for APN patients. However, the area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for MPV was lower than CRP. Our results suggest that MPV can be an inflammatory marker in UTI, but the predictive value of MPV was not superior to CRP in the diagnosis of APN.
Project description:Elevation of C reactive protein (CRP) is one of the major acute-phase responses following ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke. This study aims to investigate the associations between platelet indices, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) compared with CRP in patients with cerebral infarction.The clinical data of patients with cerebral infarction were analysed retrospectively.We analysed, unduplicated, 516 patients with cerebral infarction (mean age 66.2±12.7, male/female=291/225).Mean platelet volume (MPV), MPV to platelet count, NLR and ESR were compared with CRP in patients with cerebral infarction in a single institute through Spearman correlation test.There were significant correlations between CRP and MPV (?=0.088, p=0.045), NLR (?=0.4, p<0.001) and ESR (?=0.468, p<0.001) in patients with cerebral infarction. In the male group, NLR (?=0.398, p<0.001) and ESR (?=0.502, p<0.001) showed significant correlations with CRP. In the female group, CRP showed significant correlations with MPV (?=0.17, p=0.011), NLR (?=0.392, p<0.001) and ESR (?=0.475, p<0.001).MPV, NLR and ESR showed significant correlation with CRP in patients with cerebral infarction. MPV and NLR are cost-effective and simple parameters that can be attainable by using an automatic haematology analyser. Further well-designed and large-scale prospective studies are warranted to evaluate platelet indices or NLR for monitoring patients with cerebral infarction.
Project description:Background:Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume-to-platelet count (MPV/PC) ratio are readily available parameters that might have discriminative power regarding outcome. The aim of our study was to assess prognostic value of these biomarkers regarding outcome in critically ill patients with secondary sepsis and/or trauma. Methods:A total of 392 critically ill and injured patients, admitted to surgical ICU, were enrolled in a prospective observational study. Leukocyte and platelet counts were recorded upon fulfilling Sepsis-3 criteria and for traumatized Injury Severity Score?>?25 points. Patients were divided into four subgroups: peritonitis, pancreatitis, trauma with sepsis, and trauma without sepsis. Results:NLR and MPV/PC levels were significantly higher in nonsurvivors (AUC/ROC of 0.681 and 0.592, resp., in the peritonitis subgroup; 0.717 and 0.753, resp., in the pancreatitis subgroup); MLR and PLR did not differ significantly. There was no significant difference of investigated biomarkers between survivors and nonsurvivors in trauma patients with and without sepsis except for PLR in the trauma without sepsis subgroup (significantly higher in nonsurvivors, AUC/ROC of 0.719). Independent predictor of lethal outcome was NLR in the whole cohort and in the peritonitis subgroup as well as MPV in the pancreatitis subgroup. Also, there were statistically significant differences in MPV/PC, MLR, and PLR values regarding nature of bacteremia. In general, the lowest levels had been found in patients with Gram-positive blood cultures. Conclusions:NLR and MPV were very good independent predictors of lethal outcome. For the first time, we demonstrate that nature of bacteremia influences MPV/PC, MLR, and PLR. In heterogeneous cohort subgroup, analysis is essential.