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Histidine pKa shifts accompanying the inactivating Asp121----Asn substitution in a semisynthetic bovine pancreatic ribonuclease.


ABSTRACT: A semisynthetic RNase, RNase-(1-118).(111-124), consisting of a noncovalent complex between residues 1-118 of RNase (obtained from the proteolytic digestion of RNase A), and a synthetic 14-residue peptide containing residues 111-124 of RNase, exhibits 98% of the enzymatic activity of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A (EC 3.1.27.5). The replacement of aspartic acid-121 by asparagine in this semisynthetic RNase to form the "D121N" analog reduces kcat/Km to 2.7% of the value for RNase A. In the present work, 1H NMR spectroscopy has been used to probe the ionization states of His12, His105, and His119 in this catalytically defective semisynthetic RNase. A comparison of the observed resonances of D121N with those previously determined by others for RNase A enabled us to assign the C2 proton NMR resonances to individual residues; the assignment of His119 was confirmed by titrating D121N with the fully deuterated peptide, [Asn121]-RNase-(111-124). The observed pKa values of His12, His105, and His119 decrease 0.18, 0.16, and 0.02 pH unit, respectively, as a result of the D121N replacement. Values calculated by using a finite difference algorithm to solve the Poisson-Boltzmann equation (the DELPHI program, version 3.0) and a refined 2.0-A coordinate set for the crystal structure of D121N differ significantly for active site residues His12 (delta pKa = -0.58) and His119 (delta pKa = -0.55) but not for His105 (delta pKa = -0.10). The elmination of bound water from the calculations reduced, but did not reconcile, these discrepancies (His12, delta pKa = -0.36; His119, delta pKa = -0.41).

SUBMITTER: Cederholm MT 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC52457 | BioStudies | 1991-01-01T00:00:00Z

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 1SRN

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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