Potential probiotic-associated traits revealed from completed high quality genome sequence of Lactobacillus fermentum 3872.
ABSTRACT: The article provides an overview of the genomic features of Lactobacillus fermentum strain 3872. The genomic sequence reported here is one of three L. fermentum genome sequences completed to date. Comparative genomic analysis allowed the identification of genes that may be contributing to enhanced probiotic properties of this strain. In particular, the genes encoding putative mucus binding proteins, collagen-binding proteins, class III bacteriocin, as well as exopolysaccharide and prophage-related genes were identified. Genes related to bacterial aggregation and survival under harsh conditions in the gastrointestinal tract, along with the genes required for vitamin production were also found.
Project description:Due to the global spread of multidrug resistant pathogenic bacteria, alternative approaches in combating infectious diseases are required. One such approach is the use of probiotics. Lactobacillus fermentum 3872 is a promising probiotic bacterium producing a range of antimicrobial compounds, such as hydrogen peroxide and lactic acid. In addition, previous studies involving genome sequencing and analysis of L. fermentum 3872 allowed the identification of a gene encoding a cell surface protein referred to as collagen binding protein (CBP) (not found in other strains of the species, according to the GenBank database), consisting of a C-terminal cell wall anchor domain (LPXT), multiple repeats of 'B domains' that form stalks presenting an "A domain" required for adhesion. In this study, we found that the CBP of L. fermentum 3872 binds to collagen I present on the surface of the epithelial cells lining the gastrointestinal tract. Moreover, we found that this host receptor is also used for attachment by the major gastrointestinal pathogen, Campylobacter jejuni. Furthermore, we identified an adhesin involved in such interaction and demonstrated that both L. fermentum 3872 and its CBP can inhibit binding of this pathogen to collagen I. Combined with the observation that C. jejuni growth is affected in the acidic environment produced by L. fermentum 3872, the finding provides a good basis for further investigation of this strain as a potential tool for fighting Campylobacter infections.
Project description:Throughout Africa, food fermentations are still driven by indigenous microorganisms which influence the nutritional, organoleptic and safety of the final products. However, for improved safety, consistent quality and beneficial health effects, a trend has emerged which involves the isolation of indigenous strains from traditional fermented products to be used as functional starter cultures. These functional starter cultures possess inherent functional characteristics and can contribute to food quality and safety by offering one or more organoleptic, nutritional, technological or health advantage (probiotics). With the aim of selecting potential probiotic starter cultures, Lactobacillus fermentum strains isolated from fermented millet dough were investigated for technological properties and probiotic traits in-vitro.A total of 176?L. fermentum strains were assessed for technological properties including rate of acidification, exopolysaccharide production and amylase activity. Following this, 48 strains showing desirable technological properties were first screened for acid resistance. Sixteen acid resistant strains were assessed for additional probiotic properties including resistance to bile salts, bile salt hydrolysis, antimicrobial property, haemolysis and antibiotics resistance. L. fermentum strains clustered into 3 groups represented by 36 %, 47 % and 17 % as fast, medium and slow acidifiers respectively. About 8 %, 78 % and 14 % of the strains showed strong, weak and no exopolysaccharides production respectively. Amylase activity was generally weak or not detected. After exposure of 48?L. fermentum strains to pH 2.5 for 4 h, 16 strains were considered to be acid resistant. All 16 strains were resistant to bile salt. Four strains demonstrated bile salt hydrolysis. Antimicrobial activity was observed towards Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus but not E. coli and Salmonella enteritidis. Lactobacillus fermentum strains were generally susceptible to antibiotics except 6 strains which showed resistance towards streptomycin, gentamicin and kanamycin.In vitro determination of technological and probiotic properties have shown strain specific difference among L. fermentum strains isolated from fermented millet dough. Sixteen (16) L. fermentum strains have been shown to possess desirable technological and probiotic characteristics in vitro. These strains are therefore good candidates for further studies to elucidate their full potential and possible application as novel probiotic starter cultures.
Project description:In the present study, the whole genome sequence of Lactobacillus fermentum YL-11, a novel exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strain isolated from fermented milk, was determined. Genetic information and the synthetic mechanism of the EPS in L. fermentum YL-11 were identified based on bioinformatic analysis of the complete genome. The purified EPS of YL-11 mainly comprised galactose (48.0%), glucose (30.3%), mannose (11.8%), and arabinose (6.0%). In vitro, the EPS from YL-11 exhibited inhibition activity against HT-29 and Caco-2 colon cancer cells, suggesting that EPS from strain YL-11 might be used as an antitumoral agent. EPS at 600 and 800 ?g/mL achieved inhibition rates of 46.5 ± 3.5% and 45.6 ± 6.1% to HT-29 cells, respectively. The genomic information about L. fermentum YL-11 and the antitumoral activity of YL-11 EPS provide a theoretical foundation for the future application of EPS in the food and pharmaceutical industries.
Project description:Lactobacillus fermentum SNUV175 has been identified as a probiotic strain that inhibits pathogenic microorganisms related to women's health. We present the complete genomic sequence of the strain L. fermentum SNUV175 isolated from the vagina of a South Korean woman. This genomic information may provide insight into the functional activity of this strain.
Project description:Lactobacillus fermentum MTCC 25067 (formerly TDS030603) is capable of producing a highly viscous slime exopolysaccharide. We report here the complete genome sequence of the strain, which was deciphered by using PacBio single-molecule real-time sequencing technology.
Project description:Lactobacillus fermentum is a heterofermentative lactic acid bacterium and is frequently isolated from mucosal surfaces of healthy humans. Lactobacillus fermentum CECT 5716 is a well-characterized probiotic strain isolated from human milk and, at present, is used in commercial infant formulas. Here, we report the complete and annotated genome sequence of this strain.
Project description:To optimize culture conditions that enhance production of a highly viscous exopolysaccharide of Lactobacillus fermentum TDS030603, a chemically defined medium was examined. The best yield was found to be 199 ± 23?mg/l when 48-hr cultivation was microaerobically performed at 30°C in the chemically defined medium supplemented with 5% glucose and 1% ammonium citrate without pH control. In response to the optimized exopolysaccharide production, the mRNA expression levels of epsB, epsE, and epsG elevated significantly. Our results indicated that the optimal C/N ratio and/or microaerobic condition can alter the expression levels of several exopolysaccharide biosynthesis-related genes promoting the exopolysaccharide production yield.
Project description:The use of intestinal probiotic bacteria is very common in the food industry and has been the focus of the majority of research in this field. Yet in recent years, research on extraintestinal microorganisms has greatly increased due to their well-known potential as probiotics. Thus, we studied a strain of Lactobacillus fermentum (TCUESC01) extracted from fermenting cocoa. First, we examined the impact of pH on the growth of this strain and studied its survival under conditions similar to those of the human gastrointestinal tract. L. fermentum TCUESC01 demonstrated resistance to conditions mimicking the human stomach and intestines and grew well between pH 5 and pH 7. Next, we subjected L. fermentum TCUESC01 to storage at 4°C in a milk solution and found that it survived well for 28 days. Lastly, we measured the susceptibility of this strain to numerous antibiotics and its tendency to autoaggregate. L. fermentum TCUESC01 showed significant autoaggregation, as well as susceptibility to the majority of antibiotics tested. Overall, our findings support the potential use of this extraintestinal bacterium as a dietary probiotic.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Lactobacillus fermentum, a member of the lactic acid bacteria complex, has recently garnered increased attention due to documented antagonistic properties and interest in assessing the probiotic potential of select strains that may provide human health benefits. Here, we genomically characterize L. fermentum using the type strain DSM 20052 as a canonical representative of this species. RESULTS:We determined the polished whole genome sequence of this type strain and compared it to 37 available genome sequences within this species. Results reveal genetic diversity across nine clades, with variable content encompassing mobile genetic elements, CRISPR-Cas immune systems and genomic islands, as well as numerous genome rearrangements. Interestingly, we determined a high frequency of occurrence of diverse Type I, II, and III CRISPR-Cas systems in 72% of the genomes, with a high level of strain hypervariability. CONCLUSIONS:These findings provide a basis for the genetic characterization of L. fermentum strains of scientific and commercial interest. Furthermore, our study enables genomic-informed selection of strains with specific traits for commercial product formulation, and establishes a framework for the functional characterization of features of interest.
Project description:This report describes a draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus fermentum strain UCO-979C. The reads generated by a Ion Torrent PGM were assembled into contigs, with a total size of 2.01 Mb. The data were annotated using the NCBI GenBank and RAST servers. Specific features of the genome are highlighted.