Dataset Information


Development of a Novel Simulation Reactor for Chronic Exposure to Atmospheric Particulate Matter.

ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have shown that air pollution is associated with the morbidity and mortality from cardiopulmonary diseases. Currently, limited experimental models are available to evaluate the physiological and cellular pathways activated by chronic multi-pollutant exposures. This manuscript describes an atmospheric simulation reactor (ASR) that was developed to investigate the health effects of air pollutants by permitting controlled chronic in vivo exposure of mice to combined particulate and gaseous pollutants. BALB/c mice were exposed for 1?hr/day for 3 consecutive days to secondary organic aerosol (SOA, a common particulate air pollutant) at 10-150??g/m3, SOA (30??g/m3)?+?ozone (65?ppb) or SOA?+?ozone (65?ppb)?+?nitrogen dioxide (NO2; 100?ppb). Daily exposure to SOA alone led to increased airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine with increasing SOA concentrations. Multi-pollutant exposure with ozone and/or NO2 in conjunction with a sub-toxic concentration of SOA resulted in additive effects on AHR to methacholine. Inflammatory cell recruitment to the airways was not observed in any of the exposure conditions. The ASR developed in this study allows us to evaluate the chronic health effects of relevant multi-pollutant exposures at 'real-life' levels under controlled conditions and permits repeated-exposure studies.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5294446 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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