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Screening for hereditary angioedema (HAE) at 13 emergency centers in Osaka, Japan: A prospective observational study.


ABSTRACT: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) with deficiency of C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) is an autosomal-dominant disease characterized by recurrent episodes of potentially life-threatening angioedema. The objective is to study the incidence of HAE among patients who visit the emergency department.This was a 3-year prospective observational screening study involving 13 urban tertiary emergency centers in Osaka prefecture, Japan. Patients were included if they met the following criteria: unexplained edema of the body, upper airway obstruction accompanied by edema, anaphylaxis, acute abdomen with intestinal edema (including ileus and acute pancreatitis), or asthma attack. C1-INH activity and C4 level were measured at the time of emergency department admission during the period between July 2011 and June 2014.This study comprised 66 patients with a median age of 54.0 (IQR: 37.5-68.3) years. Three patients were newly diagnosed as having HAE, and 1 patient had already been diagnosed as having HAE. C1-INH activity levels of the patients with HAE were below the detection limit (<25%), whereas those of non-HAE patients (n = 62) were 106% (IQR: 85.5%-127.0%) (normal range, 70%-130%). The median level of C4 was significantly lower in the patients with HAE compared with those without HAE (1.2 [IQR: 1-3] mg/dL vs 22 [IQR: 16.5-29.5] mg/dL, P?

SUBMITTER: Hirose T 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5313030 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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