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White matter hyperintensity lesion burden is associated with the infarct volume and 90-day outcome in small subcortical infarcts.

ABSTRACT: Small subcortical infarcts (SSI) frequently coexist with brain white matter hyperintensity (WMH) lesions. We sought to determine whether preexisting WMH burden relates to SSI volume, SSI etiology, and 90-day functional outcome.We retrospectively studied 80 consecutive patients with acute SSI. Infarct volume was determined on diffusion weighted imaging, and WMH burden was graded on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequences according to the Fazekas scale. SSI etiology was categorized as small vessel disease (SVD) vs non-SVD related. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were constructed to determine whether WMH burden was independently associated with the SSI volume and a poor 90-day outcome (modified Rankin scale [mRS] score >2), respectively.In unadjusted analyses, patients with non-SVD-related SSI were older (P=.002) and more frequently had multiple infarcts (P<.001) than patients with SVD-related SSI. In the fully adjusted model, WMH severity (Coefficient 0.07; 95%-CI 0.029-0.117; P=.002) but not SSI etiology (P>.1) was independently associated with the SSI volume. On multivariable logistic regression, worse WMH (OR 2.28; 95%-CI 1.04-4.99; P=.040), SSI etiology (OR 9.20; 95%-CI 1.04-81.39; P=.046), preadmission mRS (OR 8.96; 95%-CI 2.65-30.27; P<.001), and SSI volume (OR 1.98; 95%-CI 1.14-3.44; P=.016) were associated with a poor 90-day outcome.Greater WMH burden is independently associated with a larger SSI volume and a worse 90-day outcome.

SUBMITTER: Helenius J 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5332524 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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